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Blue Lion Home Inspections Inc.

http://bluelionhomeinspections.com
bluelioninspections@gmail.com
(416) 995-0237
Inspector: Max Gruenfeld
InterNACHI ID # 15120107

Summary

Client(s):  Mr & Mrs Home Buyer
Property address:  123 Anywhere Street
Toronto, ON
Inspection date:  Wednesday, February 3, 2021

This report published on Thursday, February 11, 2021 11:46:35 AM EST

This summary outlines the potentially significant issues that we found to be of highest importance and there may be other defects that we have not addressed. This section is not the complete report and should not be regarded as the complete report and is provided as a courtesy only.
Please read the complete report as it may include additional information that the client should be aware of.

Concerns are shown and sorted according to these types:
SafetyPoses a Safety Hazard
Major DefectCorrection likely involves a significant expense
Repair/ReplaceRecommend repairing or replacing
Repair/MaintainRecommend repair and/or maintenance
EvaluateRecommend Evaluation by a Specialist
MonitorRecommend Monitoring in the Future
ServiceableItem or component is in serviceable condition at time of inspection
CommentFor your information


General Information
1) Safety, Comment - Mid-1980s & Older - Lead / Asbestos Warning:
Structures built prior to the mid 1980s may contain lead and/or asbestos. Lead is commonly found in paint and in some plumbing components. The EPA does not recognize newer coats of paint as encapsulating older coats of lead-based paint. Asbestos is commonly found in various building materials such as insulation, siding, and/or floor and ceiling tiles. Laws were passed in 1978 to prohibit usage of lead and asbestos, but stocks of materials containing these substances remained in use for a number of years thereafter. Both lead and asbestos are known health hazards.
Evaluating for the presence of lead and/or asbestos is beyond the scope of this inspection. Any mention of these materials in this report is made as a courtesy only, and meant to refer the client to a specialist.
Consult with specialists as necessary, such as industrial hygienists, professional labs and/or abatement specialists for this type of evaluation.

For information on lead, asbestos and other hazardous materials in homes, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?EPA
http://www.reporthost.com/?CPSC
http://www.reporthost.com/?CDC

Roof
4) Repair/Replace - Missing Downspout Extensions:
  • Observation / Condition: Extensions such as splash blocks or drain pipes for one or more downspouts were missing at the time of inspection.
  • Concern: Water can accumulate around the building foundation and cause foundation / structural damage and basement flooding.
  • Recommendation: A qualified person should install, replace or repair extensions as necessary so rainwater drains at least 6ft away from the structure.

Exterior & Grounds
8) Major Defect, Repair/Replace - Major Deterioration, Foundation Failure:

  • Observation / Condition: Major cracks or areas with damage were found in the masonry (brick or stone) veneer and foundation at the time of inspection.
  • Concern: May indicate that settlement has occurred and/or that the foundation has failed.
  • Recommendation: A qualified contractor should repair the damaged masonry veneer to prevent water from entering wall cavities and causing mold, fungal rot or structural damage. Consult with a qualified engineer to determine if foundation repairs are needed, and/or if settlement is ongoing.

  • Any such repairs should be made by a qualified contractor. Such contractors and engineers may include:
    • Foundation repair contractors who may prescribe repairs, and will give cost estimates for prescribed repairs
    • Masonry contractors who repair and/or replace brick veneer
    • Geotechnical engineers who attempt to determine if settlement is ongoing, and the cause of the settlement
    • Structural engineers who determine if repairs are necessary, and prescribe those repairs
    9) Repair/Replace - Exhaust Duct End Caps - Missing:
    • Observation / Condition: An exhaust duct end cap was missing at the time of inspection. Their purpose is to prevent unconditioned air from entering the building, and keep out birds, rodents and bugs.
    • Concern: Blocked ducts can cause fan motors and/or clothes dryers to overheat and can pose a fire hazard.
    • Recommendation: Recommend that a qualified person repair or replace caps as necessary.

    Electrical
    16) Safety, Repair/Replace, Evaluate - Missing GFCI Outlets:

  • Observation / Condition: Electric receptacles (outlets) at the kitchen / bathroom(s) / garage / exterior & basement had no visible ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection, or the inspector was unable to determine if GFCI protection was present at the time of inspection.
  • Concern: If not GFCI-protected, outlets in wet areas pose a shock and fire hazard.
  • Recommendation: A licensed electrician should evaluate and install GFCI protection.

  • NOTE:
    Although this condition may have been commonly considered safe or acceptable at the time the home was built, general knowledge of safe building practices has improved over time and is now required.

    General guidelines for GFCI-protected receptacles include the following locations:
    • Outdoors (since 1973)
    • Bathrooms (since 1975)
    • Garages (since 1978)
    • Kitchens (since 1987)
    • Crawl spaces and unfinished basements (since 1990)
    • Wet bar sinks (since 1993)
    • Laundry and utility sinks (since 2005)
    For more information, visit: http://www.reporthost.com/?GFCI
    17) Safety, Repair/Replace, Evaluate - Missing AFCI Outlets:

  • Observation / Condition: Electric receptacles (outlets) throughout the home had no visible arc fault circuit interrupter (AFCI) protection, or the inspector was unable to determine if AFCI protection was present at the time of inspection.
  • Concern: This is a safety hazard.
  • Recommendation: A licensed electrician should evaluate and install AFCI protection.

  • General guidelines for AFCI-protected receptacles include the following locations:
    • Bedrooms (since 1999)
    • Kitchens, laundry areas, family rooms, dining rooms, living rooms, parlors, libraries, dens and recreation rooms, sunrooms, closets and hallways (since 2014)
    For more information, visit: http://www.reporthost.com/?AFCI
    18) Safety, Repair/Replace, Evaluate - Substandard Wiring Found:
    • Observation / Condition: Substandard wiring was found at the [building exterior].
    • Concern: This is a safety hazard.
    • Recommendation: A licensed electrician should evaluate and repair as necessary and per standard building practices.
    19) Safety, Repair/Replace - Frayed / Damaged / Deteriorated Wiring:
    • Observation / Condition: Wiring and/or related components in the utility room by the water heater appeared to be frayed / damaged or deteriorated.
    • Concern: This is a fire hazard.
    • Recommendation: Recommend that a licensed electrician repair as necessary.
    20) Repair/Replace, Evaluate - Main Electric Panel Not Opened:
    • Observation / Condition: The inspector was unable to open and evaluate the main service panel(s) because it was located in a cabinet at the time of inspection without adequate working space.
    • Concern: The condition of the panel(s) is unknown and is excluded from this inspection. Repairs may be needed.
    • Recommendation: A licensed electrician should fully evaluate the main service panel and repair or replace as necessary.
    21) Repair/Replace, Evaluate - No Power:
    • Observation / Condition: One or more electric receptacles (outlets) at the exterior front entrance appeared to have no power at the time of inspection.
    • Recommendation: Recommend asking the property owner about this. Switches may need to be operated or GFCI/AFCI protection may need to be reset to make some receptacles energized. If necessary, recommend that a licensed electrician evaluate and repair.

    Plumbing
    26) Repair/Replace, Evaluate - Drain, Waste, Vent Pipe - Leaking:
    • Observation / Condition: A drain waste pipe in the kitchen was leaking at the time of inspection.
    • Concern: Can cause further damage and possible mold growth.
    • Recommendation: A licensed plumber should repair or replace.
    27) Repair/Replace - Drain, Waste, Vent Pipe - Incorrect Trap (S-Trap):
    • Observation / Condition: An S-trap rather than a P-trap at the basement sink was installed the time of inspection. This is an incorrect installation.
    • Concern: This is a health hazard. Siphons and sudden flows of water can drain all the water out of the trap, leaving it dry and sewer gases can then enter living areas.
    • Recommendation: A licensed plumber should repair.

    Kitchen & Appliances
    35) Repair/Replace - Exhaust Range Duct - Incorrect Material.
    • Observation / Condition: The kitchen exhaust fan duct was a flexible exhaust duct at the time of inspection.
    • Concern: Fire Hazard. This type of duct is likely to get kinked or crushed and can overheat and cause a fire .
    • Recommendation: Ducts should be replaced with a rigid or semi-rigid metal duct by a qualified contractor.

    Bathrooms, Laundry Room
    38) Safety, Repair/Replace - Dryer Exhaust Duct - Incorrect Material:
    • Observation / Condition: The clothes dryer duct was a vinyl or mylar, accordion-type, flexible exhaust duct at the time of inspection.
    • Concern: Fire Hazard. This type of duct is more likely to accumulate and trap lint than a smooth metal vent and are susceptible to kinks or crushing, which can greatly reduce the air flow, overheat and cause a fire .
    • Recommendation: Ducts should be replaced with a rigid or semi-rigid metal duct by a qualified contractor.

    NOTE:
    Although this condition may have been considered safe or acceptable at the time the home was originally built, however, as general knowledge of safe building practices has improved over time, building standards have changed as well for safety reasons.
    For more information, visit: http://www.reporthost.com/?DRYER

    Doors, Windows & Interior
    45) Safety, Repair/Replace - Unsafe Open Railing:
    • Observation / Condition: Guardrails / Handrails leading to the basement were too large at the time of inspection. Guardrails should not have gaps or voids that allow passage of a sphere equal to or greater than 4 inches in diameter between stair edges and guardrails.
    • Concern: This poses a safety hazard. (e.g. falling through)
    • Recommendation: A qualified contractor should repair or replace guardrails for safety.
    46) Repair/Replace - Window Locks - Broken / Loose:
    • Observation / Condition: Lock mechanisms on one or more windows in the kitchen were loose at the time of inspection.
    • Concern: This can pose a security risk.
    • Recommendation: Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
    47) Repair/Replace - Ceiling Damage:
    • Observation / Condition: Walls and ceilings were damaged and/or were cracked in the basement at the time of inspection.
    • Recommendation: Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.

    **Cause unknown. Recommend asking the seller and/or having a qualified contractor further evaluate and repair.

    Garage
    48) Repair/Replace - Inoperable Wall Switch: Garage Vehicle Door
    • Observation / Condition: Garage wall switch was inoperable at time of inspection.
    • Recommendation: Recommend testing the wall switch and possible replacement.