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Shivers Superior Home Inspectio
413 Crossing Blvd
McDonough GA 30253-8106
Inspector: Horace Shivers
Property Inspection Report
||Wednesday, March 15, 2017
This report published on Sunday, April 09, 2017 9:17:49 PM CDT
Report number: 013
Time started: 5:30pm
Time finished: 7:00pm
Present during inspection: Client, Realtor
Client present for discussion at end of inspection: No
Weather conditions during inspection: Dry (no rain), Windy
Temperature during inspection: Cold
Payment method: Cash
Type of building: Single family
Age of main building: 29
Source for main building age: Municipal records or property listing
Occupied: Furniture or stored items were present
Structures built prior to the mid 1980s may contain lead and/or asbestos. Lead is commonly found in paint and in some plumbing components. The EPA does not recognize newer coats of paint as encapsulating older coats of lead-based paint. Asbestos is commonly found in various building materials such as insulation, siding, and/or floor and ceiling tiles. Laws were passed in 1978 to prohibit usage of lead and asbestos, but stocks of materials containing these substances remained in use for a number of years thereafter. Both lead and asbestos are known health hazards. Evaluating for the presence of lead and/or asbestos is beyond the scope of this inspection. Any mention of these materials in this report is made as a courtesy only, and meant to refer the client to a specialist. Consult with specialists as necessary, such as industrial hygienists, professional labs and/or abatement specialists for this type of evaluation. For information on lead, asbestos and other hazardous materials in homes, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?EPAhttp://www.reporthost.com/?CPSChttp://www.reporthost.com/?CDC
Limitations: Unless specifically included in the inspection, the following items and any related equipment, controls, electric systems and/or plumbing systems are excluded from this inspection: detached buildings or structures; fences and gates; retaining walls; underground drainage systems, catch basins or concealed sump pumps; swimming pools and related safety equipment, spas, hot tubs or saunas; whether deck, balcony and/or stair membranes are watertight; trees, landscaping, properties of soil, soil stability, erosion and erosion control; ponds, water features, irrigation or yard sprinkler systems; sport courts, playground, recreation or leisure equipment; areas below the exterior structures with less than 3 feet of vertical clearance; invisible fencing; sea walls, docks and boathouses; retractable awnings. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only.
Site profile: Level
One or more large tree stumps were close to the building exterior. Wood-destroying insects such as carpenter ants nest in such stumps and are more likely to infest the building as a result. Recommend that large tree stumps within a few feet of the building be removed by a qualified tree service contractor.
The driveway had significant growth of moss or vegetation. Recommend cleaning or removing growth to prevent deterioration.
The plastic composite decking boards needed cleaning. Dirt, moss, lichen, algae or debris will deteriorate such decking, and most manufacturers recommend periodic cleaning. Recommend cleaning per the manufacturer's specifications. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?COMPDECKMT
Exterior and Foundation
Limitations: The inspector performs a visual inspection of accessible components or systems at the exterior. Items excluded from this inspection include below-grade foundation walls and footings; foundations, exterior surfaces or components obscured by vegetation, stored items or debris; wall structures obscured by coverings such as siding or trim. Some items such as siding, trim, soffits, vents and windows are often high off the ground, and may be viewed using binoculars from the ground or from a ladder. This may limit a full evaluation. Regarding foundations, some amount of cracking is normal in concrete slabs and foundation walls due to shrinkage and drying. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of seismic reinforcement.
Wall inspection method: Viewed from ground, with binoculars
Trees were in contact with or were close to the building at one or more locations. Damage to the building can occur, especially during high winds, or may have already occurred (see other comments in this report). Recommend that a qualified tree service contractor or certified arborist remove trees as necessary to prevent damage to the building exterior.
Interior, Doors and Windows
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: security, intercom and sound systems; communications wiring; central vacuum systems; elevators and stair lifts; cosmetic deficiencies such as nail-pops, scuff marks, dents, dings, blemishes or issues due to normal wear and tear in wall, floor and ceiling surfaces and coverings, or in equipment; deficiencies relating to interior decorating; low voltage and gas lighting systems. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not evaluate any areas or items which require moving stored items, furnishings, debris, equipment, floor coverings, insulation or similar materials. The inspector does not test for asbestos, lead, radon, mold, hazardous waste, urea formaldehyde urethane, or any other toxic substance. Some items such as window, drawer, cabinet door or closet door operability are tested on a sampled basis. The client should be aware that paint may obscure wall and ceiling defects, floor coverings may obscure floor defects, and furnishings may obscure wall, floor and floor covering defects. If furnishings were present during the inspection, recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings that were previously obscured when possible. Determining the cause and/or source of odors is not within the scope of this inspection.
Condition of exterior entry doors: Appeared serviceable
Floors in one or more areas were not level. This can be caused by foundation settlement or movement of the foundation, posts and/or beams. Significant repairs may be needed to make floors level. Recommend that a qualified contractor and/or engineer evaluate further. Repairs should be performed by a qualified contractor.
Squeaking or creaking noises occur when walking on one or more sections of flooring. This is usually caused by substandard construction practices where the sub-floor decking is not adequately fastened to the framing below. For example, not enough glue was used and/or nails were used rather than screws. In most cases, this is only an annoyance rather than a structural problem. Various solutions such as Squeeeeek No More and Counter Snap fasteners
exist to correct this. Repairs to eliminate the squeaks or creaks may be more or less difficult depending on the floor covering and the access to the underside of the sub-floor. Recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate and repair as necessary. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?SQUEAK
One or more window screens were damaged or deteriorated. These window(s) may not provide ventilation during months when insects are active. Recommend replacing window screens as necessary.
Cracks were found at interior-wall and ceiling junctions. Based on the cracks not appearing at exterior walls, these cracks are likely due to "truss uplift." Trusses are engineered, prefabricated assemblies (normally shaped like triangles) that replace rafters and ceiling beams in the roof structure. Truss uplift can occur when moisture content in the trusses' top chords differs significantly than in the bottom chords. This commonly happens during the winter when the bottom chords are kept warm and dry since they're normally buried in insulation and located next to the heated ceiling. The top chords are exposed to cold, moist air in the attic. In this condition, the bottom chords can shrink while the top chords can swell. This results in the bottom chord distorting, or being pulled upwards. If this happens, the drywall ceiling attached to the trusses' bottom chords can pull up and away from the drywall attached to the walls. If the walls are securely nailed to the trusses, walls can even lift off the floors, resulting in gaps in baseboard trim.
Various methods exist to prevent truss uplift including installing L-shaped truss clips and removing fasteners from ceiling drywall near interior partitions. These solutions may be a significant effort. Another option is to apply elastic crack coatings and then repair the drywall. In most cases, truss uplift is a cosmetic concern rather than a structural concern. For more information visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?TRUSSUPhttp://www.reporthost.com/?ECC
One or more sliding glass doors were difficult to open or close. Recommend that a qualified person maintain, repair or replace door(s) as necessary. Often, cleaning the track and applying a lubricant will help.
Lock mechanisms on one or more windows were inoperable. This can pose a security risk. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
Carpeting in one or more areas was significantly stained or soiled. Recommend having carpeting professionally cleaned as necessary.
One or more exterior doors had minor damage and/or deterioration. Although serviceable, the client may wish to repair or replace such doors for appearances' sake.
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: household appliances such as stoves, ovens, cook tops, ranges, warming ovens, griddles, broilers, dishwashers, trash compactors, refrigerators, freezers, ice makers, hot water dispensers and water filters; appliance timers, clocks, cook functions, self and/or continuous cleaning operations, thermostat or temperature control accuracy, and lights. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of the remaining life of appliances, and does not determine the adequacy of operation of appliances. The inspector does not note appliance manufacturers, models or serial numbers and does not determine if appliances are subject to recalls. Areas and components behind and obscured by appliances are inaccessible and excluded from this inspection.
Condition of counters: Appeared serviceable
Stains were found in the shelving or cabinets below the sink. Plumbing leaks may have occurred in the past. Consult with the property owner about this, and if necessary a qualified person evaluate and repair.
The sink had minor wear, blemishes or deterioration.
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: generator systems, transfer switches, surge suppressors, inaccessible or concealed wiring; underground utilities and systems; low-voltage lighting or lighting on timers or sensors. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of grounding or bonding, if this system has an adequate capacity for the client's specific or anticipated needs, or if this system has any reserve capacity for additions or expansion. The inspector does not operate circuit breakers as part of the inspection, and does not install or change light bulbs. The inspector does not evaluate every wall switch or receptacle, but instead tests a representative number of them per various standards of practice. When furnishings, stored items or child-protective caps are present some receptacles are usually inaccessible and are not tested; these are excluded from this inspection. Receptacles that are not of standard 110 volt configuration, including 240-volt dryer receptacles, are not tested and are excluded. The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms is not determined as part of this inspection. Upon taking occupancy, proper operating and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms should be verified and batteries should be changed. These devices have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. The inspector attempts to locate and evaluate all main and sub-panels. However, panels are often concealed. If panels are found after the inspection, a qualified electrician should evaluate and repair if necessary. The inspector attempts to determine the overall electrical service size, but such estimates are not guaranteed because the overall capacity may be diminished by lesser-rated components in the system. Any repairs recommended should be made by a licensed electrician.
Electric service condition: Appeared serviceable
One or more smoke alarms were missing, damaged, or missing components. Smoke alarms should be replaced as necessary. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?SMKALRM
No permanently installed carbon monoxide alarms were found. This is a potential safety hazard. Some states and/or municipalities require CO alarms to be installed for new construction and/or for homes being sold. Recommend installing approved CO alarms outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms on each level and in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?COALRM
For home buyers, batteries in all the smoke alarms should be replaced after taking occupancy. Batteries should be replaced annually in the future. "Chirping" noises emitted from smoke alarms typically indicate that batteries need replacing. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?SMKALRM
Branch circuit wiring installed in buildings built prior to the mid 1980s is typically rated for a maximum temperature of only 60 degrees Celsius. This includes non-metallic sheathed (Romex) wiring, and both BX and AC metal-clad flexible wiring. Knob and tube wiring, typically installed in homes built prior to 1950, may be rated for even lower maximum temperatures. Newer electric fixtures including lighting and fans typically require wiring rated for 90 degrees Celsius. Connecting newer fixtures to older, 60-degree-rated wiring is a potential fire hazard. Repairs for such conditions may involve replacing the last few feet of wiring to newer fixtures with new 90-degree-rated wire, and installing a junction box to join the old and new wiring.
It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if such incompatible components are installed, or to determine the extent to which they're installed. Based on the age of this building, the client should be aware of this safety hazard, both for existing fixtures and when planning to upgrade with newer fixtures. Consult with a qualified electrician for repairs as necessary.
The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke alarms is not determined as part of this inspection. Smoke alarms should be installed in each bedroom, in hallways leading to bedrooms, on each level and in attached garages. They have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. For home buyers, batteries in smoke alarms should be changed when taking occupancy. Batteries should be replaced annually in the future. Carbon monoxide alarms should be installed in the vicinity of sleeping areas and on each level. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?SMKALRMhttp://www.reporthost.com/?COALRM
One or more receptacles have been painted, and slots were clogged with paint. Recommend that a qualified electrician replace such receptacles as necessary.
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC)
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).
One or more ceiling fans wobbled excessively during operation. This is a potential safety hazard and may be caused by loose fasteners, blades, rod-fan body junction, the fan itself being loose, or bent, misaligned or unbalanced blades. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?FANBAL
One or more heating or cooling ducts in an unconditioned space (e.g. crawl space, attic or basement) were not insulated, or the insulation was damaged or deteriorated. This can result in reduced energy efficiency, moisture inside heating ducts, and/or "sweating" on cooling ducts. Recommend that a qualified person repair per standard building practices. For example, by wrapping ducts in insulation with an R-value of R-8.
Some heating or cooling ducts had significant amounts of corrosion or rust. Holes may develop and result in reduced energy efficiency or return air being drawn in from locations other than intended. Recommend that a qualified HVAC contractor repair as necessary. For example, by replacing ducts or sections of ducts.
Recommend that home buyers replace or clean HVAC filters upon taking occupancy depending on the type of filters installed. Regardless of the type, recommend checking filters monthly in the future and replacing or cleaning them as necessary. How frequently they need replacing or cleaning depends on the type and quality of the filter, how the system is configured (e.g. always on vs. "Auto"), and on environmental factors (e.g. pets, smoking, frequency of house cleaning, number of occupants, the season).
An electronic air filter was installed. For home buyers, recommend checking filters upon taking occupancy. Check filters monthly in the future. Guidelines vary depending on the manufacturer, but when the filters are dirty, the following steps should normally be performed:
- Turn off filter and wait 30 seconds before pulling off cover
- Note direction arrow on cells is oriented and positions of pre-filters and cells
- Remove cells and pre-filters
- Clean pre-filters with a vacuum cleaner and brush attachment
- Wash cells in a dishwasher, in a tub or with a garden hose
- Be careful not to break ionizing wires or bend collector plates
- Use only soaps that are safe for aluminum (e.g. dishwasher soap)
- When using a dishwasher, support cells with 4 glasses, and don't use the drying cycle
- When using a bathtub, soak cells for 15-20 minutes and then agitate them
- Let cells air-dry
- Reinstall cells and filters in the correct position and orientation and turn filter back on
Note that how often filters need cleaning depends on how the system is configured (e.g. always on versus "auto"), and on environmental factors (e.g. pets, smoking, frequency of house cleaning, number of occupants, the season). For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?EAFM
The cooling fins at the air handler evaporator coils were dirty. Recommend that a qualified person clean fins as necessary.
A whole house fan was installed. These fans provide cooling for interior spaces by blowing hot interior air up into the attic and out through attic vents, and by drawing cooler air in from the outside through open windows. They are intented to operate only when the outside temperature is cooler than inside. Multiple windows should be opened to equal or exceed 3 times the area of the fan opening. If air conditioning is installed it should not be operated while the whole house fan is operated. These fans do not dehumidify. They may be noisy during operation.
In some cases, additional attic venting is required for whole house fans to allow blown air to exit the attic. Attic vents should be kept clear at all times. Inadequate attic venting may result in attic air blowing through ceiling penetrations such as lights, or down through wall framing. It's beyond the scope of a home inspection to determine if attic venting is adequate. If concernced, review the fan's documentation and/or consult with a qualified contractor.
Be aware of safety issues related to whole house fans. Injury can occur if people come in contact with fan blades or belts. Louvers should always be open and the area above the fan should be unobstructed during operation, otherwise the fan may overheat and pose a fire hazard. Items should never be stored on top of the fan. Negative interior air pressure can cause gas-fired appliances such as water heaters and clothes dryers to backdraft, or cause flame rollout or pilot lights to blow out. Carbon monoxide and/or fire hazards may result. Children should never be allowed to operate whole house fans.
Whole house fans should be shut down during cooler months when not needed. This includes installing an insulated cover over the fan and turning power off to the the fan.
The client should be aware that some routine maintenance is required for whole house fans such as lubrication, and tightening or replacing belts cleaning. Consult with a heating and cooling specialist on this. Note also that motors and other components have a limited lifespan.
For more information visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?WHFAN
Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; solar roofing components. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on the roof surface material, nor guarantee that leaks have not occurred in the roof surface, skylights or roof penetrations in the past. Regarding roof leaks, only active leaks, visible evidence of possible sources of leaks, and evidence of past leaks observed during the inspection are reported on as part of this inspection. The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that leaks will not occur in the future. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. Occupants should monitor the condition of roofing materials in the future. For older roofs, recommend that a professional inspect the roof surface, flashings, appurtenances, etc. annually and maintain/repair as might be required. If needed, the roofer should enter attic space(s). Regarding the roof drainage system, unless the inspection was conducted during and after prolonged periods of heavy rain, the inspector was unable to determine if gutters, downspouts and extensions perform adequately or are leak-free.
Roof inspection method: Viewed from ground with binoculars
Significant amounts of debris such as leaves, needles, seeds, etc. have accumulated on the roof surface. Water may not flow easily off the roof, and can enter gaps in the roof surface. Leaks can occur as a result. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend cleaning debris from the roof surface now and as necessary in the future.
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: overflow drains for tubs and sinks; heated towel racks, saunas, steam generators, clothes washers, clothes dryers. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of washing machine drain lines, washing machine catch pan drain lines, or clothes dryer exhaust ducts. The inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves for sinks, toilets, bidets, clothes washers, etc. due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not determine if shower pans or tub and shower enclosures are water tight, or determine the completeness or operability of any gas piping to laundry appliances.
There was a broken mirror in the bathroom downstairs. I would recommend having it fixed by the owner.
Garage or Carport
Limitations: The inspector does not determine the adequacy of firewall ratings. Requirements for ventilation in garages vary between municipalities.
The door between the garage and the house was damaged or deteriorated, and did not appear to be fire-resistant. This is a potential safety hazard. House to garage doors, to prevent fire and fumes from spreading from the garage into interior living space, should be constructed of fire-resistant materials. Doors, generally considered to be suitable for the purpose, are solid core wood, steel, honeycomb steel or a door that has been factory labeled as fire rated. Recommend that a qualified contractor replace or repair the door and, at that time, make any other corrections that might be required to provide suitable fire resistance between the garage and the dwelling per standard building practices. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?AGFR
Appliances such as the water heater and/or furnace were subject to damage from vehicles because no protective barrier was installed in front of them. This is a potential safety hazard for fire and/or shock. A qualified contractor should install a barrier per standard building practices. For example, a steel post or specially made wood partition anchored in the concrete slab floor.
Significant gaps were found below or around one or more garage vehicle doors. Vermin and insects can enter the garage as a result. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary to eliminate or minimize gaps.
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