This report is the exclusive property of this inspection company and the client(s) listed in the report title. Use of this report by any unauthorized persons is prohibited.
Concerns are shown and sorted according to these types:
|Safety||Poses a safety hazard|
|Major Defect||Correction likely involves a significant expense|
|Repair/Replace||Recommend repairing or replacing|
|Repair/Maintain||Recommend repair and/or maintenance|
|Minor Defect||Correction likely involves only a minor expense|
|Maintain||Recommend ongoing maintenance|
|Evaluate||Recommend evaluation by a specialist|
|Monitor||Recommend monitoring in the future|
|Comment||For your information|
One or more decks or porches were unstable due to missing or substandard bracing, or lack of attachment to main structure. This is a safety hazard since severe movement may cause the decks or porches to collapse.
Typically, you will need to install your bolts alternating high and low 2" from the top and bottom of the ledger board. As a rule of thumb, bolts can be spaced 16" on center for supporting joist span up to 12' in length. Longer joists will require tighter bolting patterns. No flashing was visible. A qualified contractor should repair as necessary.
Hardware for one or more decks, balconies or porches such as bolts and washers were significantly corroded. Corroded hardware is more likely to fail prematurely, and is a potential safety hazard. Recommend that a qualified contractor replace significantly corroded hardware as necessary.
Openings at stair risers were greater than 4 inches. This is a potential safety hazard for children (e.g. falling through, getting stuck in gaps). Recommend that a qualified contractor repair per standard building practices. For example, by enclosing stair risers.
Handrails at one or more flights of stairs were not graspable and posed a fall hazard. Handrails should be 1 1/4 - 2 inches in diameter if round, or 2 5/8 inches or less in width if flat. Recommend that a qualified person install graspable handrails or modify existing handrails per standard building practices.
Fasteners for the deck, porch or balcony joist hangers were missing. Approved fasteners such as Teco nails should be installed in every nail hole in such hardware. Recommend that a qualified person install approved fasteners where necessary.
Soil was in contact with one or more wooden deck, porch or balcony support posts. This is a conducive condition for wood destroying organisms. Even if posts are made of treated wood, the cut ends below soil may not have been field treated. Recommend grading soil or repairing as necessary to prevent wood-soil contact.
Exterior and Foundation
One or more holes or gaps were found in siding or trim. Vermin, insects or water may enter the structure. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
One or more minor cracks (1/8 inch or less) were found in the foundation. These didn't appear to be a structural concern, but recommend sealing them to prevent water infiltration and monitor them in the future. Numerous products exist to seal such cracks including hydraulic cement, non-shrinking grout, resilient caulks and epoxy sealants.
Vegetation such as trees, shrubs and/or vines was in contact with or close to the building exterior. Vegetation can serve as a pathway for wood-destroying insects and can retain moisture against the exterior after it rains. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend pruning, moving or removing vegetation as necessary to maintain at least 6 inches of space between it and the building exterior. A 1-foot clearance is better.
Caulk was missing in some areas around the house. For example, at siding-trim junctions. Recommend that a qualified person renew or install caulk as necessary. Where gaps are wider than 1/4 inch, an appropriate material other than caulk should be used. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?CAULK
Evidence of prior water intrusion was found in one or more sections of the basement. For example, water stains or rust at support post bases, efflorescence on the foundation, etc. Accumulated water is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms and should not be present in the basement. Recommend reviewing any disclosure statements available and ask the property owner about past accumulation of water in the basement. The basement should be monitored in the future for accumulated water, especially after heavy and/or prolonged periods of rain. If water is found to accumulate, then recommend that a qualified contractor who specializes in drainage issues evaluate and repair as necessary. Typical repairs for preventing water from accumulating in basements include:
- Repairing, installing or improving rain run-off systems (gutters, downspouts and extensions or drain lines)
- Improving perimeter grading
- Repairing, installing or improving underground footing and/or curtain drains
Ideally, water should not enter basements, but if water must be controlled after it enters the basement, then typical repairs include installing a sump pump.
One or more support posts had insufficient bracing to the floor. The same support posts showed signs of deterioration. Recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate and repair per standard building practices.
Extensions such as splash blocks or drain pipes for one or more downspouts were missing. Water can accumulate around the building foundation or inside crawl spaces or basements as a result. Recommend that a qualified person install, replace or repair extensions as necessary so rainwater drains away from the structure.
Attic and Roof Structure
Daylight was visible from the attic. Recommend correcting this condition to prevent vermin from entering the attic.
The exterior receptacle cover on the front patio was damaged. This is a potential shock hazard. Recommend that a qualified person replace the cover.
One or more energized conductors in panel had white, gray or green insulation. Insulation on energized conductors should be black or red in color to identify them as energized wires. Recommend that a qualified electrician re-identify wires per standard building practices. For example, by wrapping in black vinyl tape or marking with a black permanent marker.
Plumbing / Fuel Systems
Based on visible components or information provided to the inspector, this property appeared to have a private sewage disposal (septic) system. These are specialty systems and are excluded from this inspection. Comments in this report related to this system are made as a courtesy only and are not meant to be a substitute for a full evaluation by a qualified specialist. Generally, septic tanks should be pumped and inspected every 3 years. Depending on the type of system and municipal regulations, inspection and maintenance may be required more frequently, often annually. Recommend the following:
- Consult with the property owner about this system's maintenance and repair history
- Review any documentation available for this system
- Review inspection and maintenance requirements for this system
- That a qualified specialist evaluate, perform maintenance and make repairs if necessary
For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?SEPTIC
The hot water temperature was greater than 120 degrees Fahrenheit. This is a safety hazard due to the risk of scalding. The thermostat should be adjusted so the water temperature doesn't exceed 120 degrees. If the water heater is powered by electricity, a qualified person should perform the adjustment, since covers that expose energized equipment normally need to be removed. For more information on scalding dangers, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?SCALD
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC)
The estimated useful life for most forced air furnaces is 15-20 years. This furnace appeared to be beyond this age and/or its useful lifespan and may need replacing or significant repairs at any time. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future.
Some heating or cooling ducts had significant amounts of corrosion or rust. Holes may develop and result in reduced energy efficiency or return air being drawn in from locations other than intended. Recommend that a qualified HVAC contractor repair as necessary. For example, by replacing ducts or sections of ducts.
Insulation on the heat pump or air conditioning condensing unit's refrigerant lines was deteriorated or missing in some areas. This may result in reduced efficiency and increased energy costs. Recommend that a qualified person replace or install insulation as necessary.
Fireplaces, Stoves, Chimneys and Flues
A significant amount of a white, powdery residue was found on or below the B-vent or L-vent exhaust flue. Typically this is a result of condensation in the flue and may indicate that the flue has a substandard draw. The flue may be incorrectly configured, blocked (e.g. debris, bird nest), or the appliance may be incorrectly configured. Recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate and repair as necessary.
The range could tip forward. An anti-tip bracket may not be installed. This is a potential safety hazard since the range can tip forward when weight is applied to the open door, such as when a small child climbs on it or if heavy objects are dropped on it. Anti-tip brackets have been sold with all free-standing ranges since 1985. Recommend installing an anti-tip bracket to eliminate this safety hazard. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?ATB
The light in the exhaust hood was inoperable. Recommend replacing light bulb(s) or that repairs be made by a qualified person if necessary.
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
No catch pan or drain was installed at the clothes washing machine location, and a finished space was located below. Catch pans and drains prevent water damage to finished interior spaces below if or when the washing machine leaks, overflows or is drained. If concerned, consult with a qualified contractor about installing a catch pan. Note that installing a drain line for a catch pan routed to the outdoors may not be feasible. As an alternative, a water alarm can be installed in the catch pan. For more information visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?WTRALRM
Caulk around the base of both toilets was missing. Modern standards require caulk to be installed around the entire toilet base where it meets the floor for sanitary reasons. Without it, soiled water can soak into flooring and sub-floor materials if the toilet overflows. Condensation from the toilet can also soak into the flooring. Recommend that a qualified person caulk around toilet bases per standard building practices.
Interior, Doors and Windows
One or more windows that were designed to open and close were difficult to open and close. Recommend that a qualified person repair windows as necessary so they open and close easily.