Structures built prior to 1979 may contain lead-based paint and/or asbestos in various building materials such as insulation, siding, and/or floor and ceiling tiles. Both lead and asbestos are known health hazards. Evaluating for the presence of lead and/or asbestos is not included in this inspection. The client(s) should consult with specialists as necessary, such as industrial hygenists, professional labs and/or abatement contractors for this type of evaluation. For information on lead, asbestos and other hazardous materials in homes, visit these websites:
Evidence of a possible abandoned underground oil tank was found (vent pipe, metal supply lines, etc.). The client should determine if an underground oil tank exsists on this property, and if the tank has been removed or legally decommissioned.
If the tank hasn't been decommissioned or removed, then the client may be liable for decommission and/or cleanup of contaminated soil in the future. Recommend the following:
- Have any non-decommissioned, abandoned underground oil tanks legally decommissioned or removed as necessary.
- Have the soil tested for oil contamination.
- Have contaminated soil removed as necessary
The exterior finish on parts of the wooden trim (window frames, cornices, and fascia boards) is failing. A qualified painting contractor should prep (pressure wash, scrape, sand, prime caulk, etc.) and repaint these areas as per standard building practices.
Siding is damaged and/or deteriorated in one or more areas. For example: the house corners by the driveway. A qualified contractor should evaluate and make repairs and/or replace siding as necessary to prevent water and vermin intrusion.
Roof soffit boards are damaged or deteriorated in one or more areas. A qualified contractor should evaluate and make repairs as necessary.
The fence gate leading to the rear yard is difficult to open, close and latch. Repairs should be made as necessary by a qualified contractor, so gates operate easily.
The perimeter grading slopes towards the structure in one or more areas, particularly by the downspout on south wall next to porch. This can result in water accumulating around the structure's foundation, or in basement. Accumulated water is a conducive condition to wood destroying insects and organisms. Wet soil may also cause the foundation to settle and possibly fail over time. Recommend grading soil so it slopes down and away from the structure with a slope of at least 5% (10% or better is optimal) for at least 6 feet.
One or more minor cracks (1/8 inch or less) were found in the foundation. These don't appear to be a structural concern, but recommend sealing them to prevent water infiltration and monitoring them in the future. Numerous products exist to seal such cracks including:
There is a relatively new deck in the rear, in excellent condition. One wooden deck support post , however, is in contact with soil. This is a conducive condition for wood destroying insects and organisms. However no damage from wood destroying insects or organisms was found. Standard building practices require that there be at least 6" of space between any wood and the soil below, even if the wood is treated. If possible, soil should be removed or graded so a 6" clearance is maintained. Otherwise recommend installing borate based Impel rods
to prevent rot.
Plumbing and laundry
A waste pipe cleanout in sump area has no cap installed. This is a safety hazard because sewer gases may vent into the structure. A qualified plumber should install a caps where missing..
Copper water supply pipes in homes built prior to 1986 may be joined with solder that contains lead. Lead is a known health hazard, especially for children. Laws were passed in 1985 prohibiting the use of lead in solder, but prior to that solder normally contained about 50 percent lead. The client should be aware of this, especially if children will be living in this structure. Evaluating for the presence of lead in this structure is not included in this inspection. The client should consider having a qualified lab test for lead, and if necessary take steps to reduce or remove lead from the water supply. Various solutions such as these may be advised:
- Flush water taps or faucets. Do not drink water that has been sitting in the plumbing lines for more than six hours.
- Install appropriate filters at points of use.
- Use only cold water for cooking and drinking. Hot water dissolves lead more quickly than cold water.
- Use bottled or distilled water.
- Treat well water to make it less corrosive.
- Have a qualified plumbing contractor replace supply pipes and/or plumbing components as necessary.
For more information visit: http://www.cpsc.gov/CPSCPUB/PUBS/5056.html
The rear entry door has a deadbolt installed with no handle, and requires a key to open it from both sides. This can be a safety hazard in the event of a fire when the key is not available. The door cannot be used as an exit then, causing entrapment. Key-only deadbolts should be replaced with deadbolts that have a handle on the inside on entry doors in rooms with no other adequate egress nearby.
Batteries in all the smoke alarms should be replaced after taking occupancy, and annually in the future. "Chirping" noises emitted from smoke alarms typically indicate that batteries need replacing. For more information, visit http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/5077.html
One or more doors bind in their jamb and cannot be closed and latched, or are difficult to open and close.Particularly the 1st floor coat closet and the doors between the master bedroom and the office. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair as necessary..
Squeaking or creaking noises occur when walking on one or more sections of flooring. In most cases, this is only an annoyance rather than a structural problem. Various solutions such as Squeeeeek No More and Counter Snap fasteners
exist to correct this. Repairs to eliminate the squeaks or creaks may be more or less difficult depending on the floor covering, and the access to the underside of the subfloor. Recommend having a qualified contractor evaluate and repair as necessary.
Stains were found in one or more ceiling areas Particularly around the steam riser by the front door. However, no elevated levels of moisture were found. The stain is probably due to plumbing leaks. Recommend asking the property owner(s) about this, and monitoring the stained area in the future.If elevated moisture is found in the future, a qualified contractor should evaluate and repair as necessary.