Atlas Home Inspection
3829 Killdeer Dr
Antioch CA 94509-6429
Inspector: Ted Elsberry
||1234 Pine Street
||Friday, January 06, 2017
This report published on Tuesday, July 18, 2017 8:27:06 AM PDT
This report is the exclusive property of this inspection company and the client(s) listed in the report title. Use of this report by any unauthorized persons is prohibited.
- Structures built prior to the mid 1980s may contain lead and/or asbestos. Lead is commonly found in paint and in some plumbing components. The EPA does not recognize newer coats of paint as encapsulating older coats of lead-based paint. Asbestos is commonly found in various building materials such as insulation, siding, and/or floor and ceiling tiles. Laws were passed in 1978 to prohibit usage of lead and asbestos, but stocks of materials containing these substances remained in use for a number of years thereafter. Both lead and asbestos are known health hazards. Evaluating for the presence of lead and/or asbestos is beyond the scope of this inspection. Any mention of these materials in this report is made as a courtesy only, and meant to refer the client to a specialist. Consult with specialists as necessary, such as industrial hygienists, professional labs and/or abatement specialists for this type of evaluation. For information on lead, asbestos and other hazardous materials in homes, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?EPAhttp://www.reporthost.com/?CPSChttp://www.reporthost.com/?CDC
Exterior and Foundation
- One or more precast concrete pier blocks were used to support posts or beams, and no poured-in-place concrete footing was visible below. Pier blocks resting directly on soil are prone to settlement. Recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate and repair as necessary and per standard building practices. For example, by pouring concrete footings below.
- Vegetation such as trees, shrubs and/or vines was in contact with or close to the building exterior. Vegetation can serve as a pathway for wood-destroying insects and can retain moisture against the exterior after it rains. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend pruning, moving or removing vegetation as necessary to maintain at least 6 inches of space between it and the building exterior. A 1-foot clearance is better.
- Trees were in contact with or were close to the building at one or more locations. Damage to the building can occur, especially during high winds, or may have already occurred (see other comments in this report). Recommend that a qualified tree service contractor or certified arborist remove trees as necessary to prevent damage to the building exterior.
- No under-floor insulation was installed in the crawl space. Recommend that a qualified person install insulation for better energy efficiency and per standard building practices. Typically this is R-19 rated fiberglass batt with the attached facing installed against the warm (floor) side.
- One or more support posts appear to have been added since the original construction based on the inspector's observations. Such posts may have been added to reduce bounce or sag in floors above. Consult with the property owner about this, or that a qualified contractor evaluate and make permanent repairs per standard building practices if necessary.
- Extensions such as splash blocks or drain pipes for one or more downspouts were missing . Water can accumulate around the building foundation or inside crawl spaces or basements as a result. Recommend that a qualified person install, replace or repair extensions as necessary so rainwater drains away from the structure.
- Significant amounts of debris have accumulated in one or more gutters or downspouts. Gutters can overflow and cause water to come in contact with the building exterior, or water can accumulate around the foundation. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend cleaning gutters and downspouts now and as necessary in the future.
Garage or Carport
- No photoelectric sensors were installed for one or more garage vehicle doors' automatic opener. These have been required on all automatic door openers since 1993 and improve safety by triggering the door's auto-reverse feature without need for the door to come in contact with the object, person or animal that is preventing the door from closing. Recommend that a qualified contractor install photoelectric sensors where missing for improved safety. For more information on garage door safety issues, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?GDPES
- The Water Heater in the garage was installed so flames and/or sources of spark were less than 18 inches above the floor. This is a potential fire or explosion hazard. Such appliances should be installed so that open flames or sources of spark are located at least 18 inches above the floor. This minimizes the chance of explosion or fire from fuel vapors from vehicles or storage containers. A qualified person should repair per standard building practices. For example, by installing a platform if none exists or by repairing the existing platform if one does.
- One or more cover plates installed outside were corroded. This is a potential shock and/or fire hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician repair as necessary.
Check self closing, weather tight exterior receptacle covers
- One or more ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) devices protecting receptacles at the 3/4 bath and/or full bath Was not present. This is a potential shock hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician evaluate and repair as necessary.
Laundry Room Bath
- One or more modern, 3-slot electric receptacles were found with an open ground. Three-slot receptacles should have a hot, a neutral and a ground wire connected. Homeowners often install new 3-slot receptacles on older, 2-wire circuits that only have hot and neutral wires. This is a shock hazard when appliances that require a ground are used with these receptacles. Examples of such appliances include computers and related hardware, refrigerators, freezers, portable air conditioners, clothes washers, aquarium pumps, and electrically operated gardening tools. Where the electric system was installed prior to when grounded circuits were required (1960s), it is permissible to replace 3-slot receptacles with 2-slot receptacles to prevent appliances that require a ground from being plugged in to an ungrounded circuit. However, the client should be aware of this limitation when planning use for various rooms, such as an office. For newer electric systems, circuits should be repaired so grounded, 3-wire cables provide power to 3-slot receptacles. Recommend that a qualified electrician repair per standard building practices.
- Branch circuit wiring installed in buildings built prior to the mid 1980s is typically rated for a maximum temperature of only 60 degrees Celsius. This includes non-metallic sheathed (Romex) wiring, and both BX and AC metal-clad flexible wiring. Knob and tube wiring, typically installed in homes built prior to 1950, may be rated for even lower maximum temperatures. Newer electric fixtures including lighting and fans typically require wiring rated for 90 degrees Celsius. Connecting newer fixtures to older, 60-degree-rated wiring is a potential fire hazard. Repairs for such conditions may involve replacing the last few feet of wiring to newer fixtures with new 90-degree-rated wire, and installing a junction box to join the old and new wiring.
It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if such incompatible components are installed, or to determine the extent to which they're installed. Based on the age of this building, the client should be aware of this safety hazard, both for existing fixtures and when planning to upgrade with newer fixtures. Consult with a qualified electrician for repairs as necessary.
Plumbing / Fuel Systems
- One or more uncoated brass flexible connectors were found in gas supply line(s). Some older brass connectors can separate from the tubing and cause a serious gas leak, explosion or fire. These connectors haven't been made since 1976. Moving appliances with such connectors, even slightly, whether to clean behind them or to inspect their gas connectors, can cause the connector to crack or break. Recommend that a qualified contractor replace uncoated brass flexible connectors. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?FLEXCONN1
Upstairs Wall Heater
- Copper water supply pipes were installed. Copper pipes installed prior to the late 1980s may be joined with solder that contains lead, which is a known health hazard especially for children. Laws were passed in 1985 prohibiting the use of lead in solder, but prior to that solder normally contained approximately 50% lead. The client should be aware of this, especially if children will be using this water supply system. Note that the inspector does not test for toxic materials such as lead. The client should consider having a qualified lab test for lead, and if necessary take steps to reduce or remove lead from the water supply. Various solutions include:
- Flush water taps or faucets. Do not drink water that has been sitting in the plumbing lines for more than 6 hours
- Install appropriate filters at points of use
- Use only cold water for cooking and drinking, as hot water dissolves lead more quickly than cold water
- Use bottled or distilled water
- Treat well water to make it less corrosive
- Have a qualified plumber replace supply pipes and/or plumbing components as necessary
For more information visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?LEADDWhttp://www.reporthost.com/?LEAD
- The hot water temperature was greater than 120 degrees Fahrenheit. This is a safety hazard due to the risk of scalding. The thermostat should be adjusted so the water temperature doesn't exceed 120 degrees. If the water heater is powered by electricity, a qualified person should perform the adjustment, since covers that expose energized equipment normally need to be removed. For more information on scalding dangers, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?SCALD
- The insulated jacket was missing and should be replaced.
- The range could tip forward. An anti-tip bracket may not be installed. This is a potential safety hazard since the range can tip forward when weight is applied to the open door, such as when a small child climbs on it or if heavy objects are dropped on it. Anti-tip brackets have been sold with all free-standing ranges since 1985. Recommend installing an anti-tip bracket to eliminate this safety hazard. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?ATB
- No accessible gas shut-off valve was visible within 6 feet of the gas-fired . This is a potential safety hazard when the appliance needs to be shut down quickly. A qualified contractor should install a shut-off valve per standard building practices.
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
- The clothes dryer was equipped with a vinyl or mylar, accordion-type, flexible exhaust duct. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission considers these types of ducts to be unsafe, and a fire hazard. They can trap lint and are susceptible to kinks or crushing, which can greatly reduce the air flow and cause overheating. Recommend that such ducts be replaced with a rigid or corrugated semi-rigid metal duct, and by a qualified contractor if necessary. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?DRYER
- The toilet at location(s) #B didn't flush or had a weak flush. Recommend that a qualified plumber evaluate and repair or replace the toilet as necessary.
I know you are aware of the toilet flush in Hall bath
- One or more sink drains were leaking at location(s) #A. A qualified person should repair as necessary.
Drip pan at Master bath vanity. Not leaking at time of inspection
Interior, Doors and Windows
- One or more interior doors wouldn't latch or were difficult to latch. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary. For example, by adjusting latch plates or locksets.
- One or more interior doors were sticking in the door jamb and were difficult to operate. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary. For example, by trimming doors.