This report is the exclusive property of this inspection company and the client(s) listed in the report title. Use of this report by any unauthorized persons is prohibited. The photographs herein are examples of the described defects and are not intended to show each and every defect location only to aid in the understanding of descriptions.
Time started: 8:00 am
Time finished: 11:00 am
Present during inspection: Client, Real Estate Agent
Client present for discussion at end of inspection: Yes
Weather conditions during inspection: Rain
Temperature during inspection: Cold
Ground condition: Wet
Recent weather: Rain
Overnight temperature: Cold
Age of main building: 1999
Source for main building age: Municipal records or property listing
Occupied: Yes, Furniture or stored items were present
For the ease of understanding this report, the front of the home faces: South
Some areas and items at this property were obscured by furniture and/or stored items. This often includes but is not limited to walls, floors, windows, inside and under cabinets, under sinks, on counter tops, in closets, behind window coverings, under rugs or carpets, and under or behind furniture. Areas around the exterior, under the structure, in the garage and in the attic may also be obscured by stored items. The inspector in general does not move personal belongings, furnishings, carpets or appliances. When furnishings, stored items or debris are present, all areas or items that are obscured, concealed or not readily accessible are excluded from the inspection. The client should be aware that when furnishings, stored items or debris are eventually moved, damage or problems that were not noted during the inspection may be found.
It is recommended that homeowner or qualified person spray a pest control product such as Ortho/Raid bug killer around the exterior perimeter of their home 3 times per year. The best time for application is the first warm week of Spring, Summer and Fall.
Wood Destroying Organisms: This report includes a structural pest inspection embedded within the report. All observations in this report that note being a conducive condition are a part of a Washington State Pest Inspection. Allegiance Home Inspection LLC, employs Kyle Brose, Licensed Structural Pest Inspector #88853. Please note that most WDO observations are related to high moisture conditions that could be conducive to mold-like substances. Allegiance Home Inspection LLC recommends conducting an indoor air quality test and possibly consulting with an industrial hygienist if concerned with mold. Pest Inspection Standards in Washington State - WAC 16-228-2045 - REQUIRES THAT A DIAGRAM / DRAWING BE PREPARED FOR WOOD DESTROYING ORGANISM (WDO) REPORTS. IF THE PHOTOS AND DESCRIPTIONS IN THIS REPORT ARE INADEQUATE, A DRAWING IS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST, for the agreed upon fee.
Limitations: Unless specifically included in the inspection, the following items and any related equipment, controls, electric systems and/or plumbing systems are excluded from this inspection: detached buildings or structures; fences and gates; retaining walls; underground drainage systems, catch basins or concealed sump pumps, concealed or underground drainage pipes; swimming pools and related safety equipment, spas, hot tubs or saunas; whether deck, balcony and/or stair membranes are watertight; trees, landscaping, properties of soil, soil stability, erosion and erosion control; ponds, water features, irrigation or yard sprinkler systems; sport courts, playground, recreation or leisure equipment; areas below the exterior structures with less than 3 feet of vertical clearance; invisible fencing; sea walls, docks and boathouses; retractable awnings. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only.
Site profile: Minor slope
Sidewalk material: Poured in place concrete
Deck, porch and/or balcony material: Plastic fiber, Concrete
Exterior stair material: Wood, Concrete
Retaining wall material: Masonry block
Soil was in contact with or very close to wooden deck, porch or balcony substructure components. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Clearances are recommended to be as follows:
- 12 inches below beams
- 18 inches below joists
- 6 inches below support post bases and other wood components
Pressure treated wood is typically rated for 25 year contact with soil, but the cut ends hidden below grade are often not treated and are prone to rot. Support posts are recommended to be elevated above grade on concrete piers or footings, and be separated from the concrete by metal brackets or an impermeable membrane such as shingle scraps. For other components, soil should be graded and/or removed to maintain these clearances if possible. Otherwise, replacing non-treated wood with treated wood, or installing borate-based products such as Impel rods may help to prevent damage. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?IMPEL
The grading sloped down towards perimeters of the home. This can result in water accumulating around the foundation or underneath the home. Recommend grading soil so it slopes down and away from buildings with a slope of at least 1 inch per horizontal foot for at least 6 feet out from buildings. Where this is not feasible consider alternative methods.
No outbuildings or detached structures were evaluated. They are excluded from this inspection. Any comments made are made as a courtesy only.
Minor deterioration (e.g. cracks, holes, settlement, heaving) was found in sidewalks or patios, but no trip hazards were found. The client may wish to have corrections made, primarily for cosmetic reasons.
All areas of the deck substructure were inaccessible due to limited space below. These areas couldn't be evaluated and are excluded from the inspection.
Exterior and Foundation
Limitations: The inspector performs a visual inspection of accessible components or systems at the exterior. Items excluded from this inspection include below-grade foundation walls and footings; foundations, exterior surfaces or components obscured by vegetation, stored items or debris; wall structures obscured by coverings such as siding or trim. Some items such as siding, trim, soffits, vents and windows are often high off the ground, and may be viewed using binoculars from the ground or from a ladder. This may limit a full evaluation. Regarding foundations, some amount of cracking is normal in concrete slabs and foundation walls due to shrinkage and drying. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of seismic reinforcement.
Wall inspection method: Viewed from ground
Apparent wall structure: Wood frame
Wall covering: Wood, Cement fiber, Wood trim
Apparent foundation type: Crawl space
Foundation/stem wall material: Poured in place concrete
Footing material (under foundation stem wall): Poured in place concrete
One or more sections of horizontal trim boards, doors and/or windows had no "Z" flashing installed above them where they met siding. "Z" flashing should be installed above these boards to reduce the chance of leaks and/or water entrapment between the trim and siding. Without this flashing, caulk and paint must be diligently maintained, or water can cause rot and possible structural damage. Recommend that a qualified contractor install flashing above horizontal trim boards where missing and per standard building practices. Note that when trim or siding is removed to install flashing, damaged wood may be found and additional repairs may be needed.
Fungal rot was found at one or more sections of siding or trim. Conducive conditions for rot should be corrected (e.g. wood-soil contact, reverse perimeter slope). Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary. All rotten wood should be replaced.
Such as at the front of the home.
Untreated wood siding and/or trim was in contact with concrete or masonry at the exterior. Moisture collected between the two materials or wicking up into the wood is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Wood siding or trim is recommended be installed with a minimum clearance of 1-2 inches between it and concrete or masonry below it at building exteriors. Monitor these areas for rot or deterioration in the future and repair if needed. Recommend that a qualified person repair per standard building practices. For example, by trimming siding or trim as needed.
One or more minor cracks (1/8 inch or less) were found in the foundation. These didn't appear to be a structural concern, but recommend sealing them to prevent water infiltration and monitor them in the future. Numerous products exist to seal such cracks including hydraulic cement, non-shrinking grout, resilient caulks and epoxy sealants.
Noticeable in the crawl space.
Vegetation such as trees, shrubs and/or vines was in contact with or close to the building exterior. Vegetation can serve as a pathway for wood-destroying insects, can retain moisture against the exterior and can make monitoring the exterior difficult. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend pruning, moving or removing vegetation as necessary to maintain at least 6 inches of space between it and the building exterior. Being able to walk between the building is better.
Caulk was deteriorated in some areas. For example, around windows and/or at siding-trim junctions. Recommend that a qualified person renew or install caulk as necessary. Where gaps are wider than 1/4 inch, an appropriate material other than caulk should be used. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?CAULK
Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; solar roofing components. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on the roof surface material, nor guarantee that leaks have not occurred in the roof surface, skylights or roof penetrations in the past. Regarding roof leaks, only active leaks, visible evidence of possible sources of leaks, and evidence of past leaks observed during the inspection are reported on as part of this inspection. The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that leaks will not occur in the future. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. Regarding the roof drainage system, unless the inspection was conducted during and after prolonged periods of heavy rain, the inspector was unable to determine if gutters, downspouts and extensions performed adequately or were leak-free.
Roof inspection method: Traversed
Roof surface material: Concrete tile
Roof type: Gable
Apparent number of layers of roof surface material: One
Gutter and downspout material: Metal
Gutter and downspout installation: Full
Kick-out flashing was missing at one or more locations. Such flashing should be located at the bottom of slopes where roof surfaces intersect with exterior walls above. It directs rainwater away from exterior walls and into gutters so that rainwater is less likely to run down the front surfaces of siding or flow behind siding. Recommend that a qualified contractor install kickout flashings where missing and per standard building practices.
One or more concrete tiles were loose. I recommend having a qualified person correct as necessary.
These images are general pictures of the homes roof covering.
Limitations: The inspector does not determine the adequacy of firewall ratings. Requirements for ventilation in garages vary between municipalities.
Type of door between garage and house: Wood
Type of garage vehicle door: Sectional
Number of vehicle doors: 2
Many areas of the garage were obscured by vehicles and/or stored items and couldn't be fully evaluated.
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: generator systems, transfer switches, surge suppressors, inaccessible or concealed wiring; underground utilities and systems; low-voltage lighting or lighting on timers or sensors. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of grounding or bonding, if this system has an adequate capacity for the client's specific or anticipated needs, or if this system has any reserve capacity for additions or expansion. The inspector does not operate circuit breakers as part of the inspection, and does not install or change light bulbs. The inspector does not evaluate every wall switch or receptacle, but instead tests a representative number of them per various standards of practice. When furnishings, stored items or child-protective caps are present some receptacles are usually inaccessible and are not tested; these are excluded from this inspection. Receptacles that are not of standard 110 volt configuration, including 240-volt dryer receptacles, are not tested and are excluded. The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms is not determined as part of this inspection. Upon taking occupancy, proper operating and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms should be verified and batteries should be changed. These devices have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. The inspector attempts to locate and evaluate all main and sub-panels. However, panels are often concealed. If panels are found after the inspection, a qualified electrician should evaluate and repair if necessary. The inspector attempts to determine the overall electrical service size, but such estimates are not guaranteed because the overall capacity may be diminished by lesser-rated components in the system. Any repairs recommended should be made by a licensed electrician.
Primary service type: Underground
Number of service conductors: 2
Service voltage (volts): 120-240
Estimated service amperage: 200
Primary service overload protection type: Circuit breakers
Service entrance conductor material: Stranded aluminum
Main disconnect rating (amps): 200
Location of main service panel #A: Garage
Location of main disconnect: Breaker at top of main service panel
Branch circuit wiring type: Non-metallic sheathed
Ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection present: Yes
Arc fault circuit interrupter (AFCI) protection present: No
Smoke alarms installed: Yes
Carbon monoxide alarms installed: Yes
Electric receptacles (outlets) at the garage and/or exterior had no visible ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection, or the inspector was unable to determine if GFCI protection was present. If not GFCI-protected, receptacles in wet areas pose a potential safety hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician evaluate and install GFCI protection as necessary and per standard building practices. General guidelines for GFCI-protected receptacles include the following locations:
- Outdoors (since 1973)
- Bathrooms (since 1975)
- Garages (since 1978)
- Kitchens (since 1987)
- Crawl spaces and unfinished basements (since 1990)
- Wet bar sinks (since 1993)
- Laundry and utility sinks (since 2005)
For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?GFCI
One or more electric receptacles (outlets) had reverse-polarity wiring, where the hot and neutral wires were reversed. This is a potential safety hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician correct as necessary. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?RPR
Noticeable in the front right bedroom.
Equipment for a generator system was found. Generators, transfer switches and any associated wiring are excluded from this inspection. Recommend that the client consult with the property owner or review documentation to familiarize themselves with the operation of this system.
These images are general pictures of the homes electrical system.
Limitations: Evaluation of and determining the adequacy or completeness of the following items are not included in this inspection: water recirculation pumps; solar water heating systems; Energy Smart or energy saver controls; hybrid water heater; catch pan drains. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on water heaters, does not determine if water heaters are appropriately sized, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit or a shut-off valve to be operated.
Energy source: Electricity
Estimated age: 2016
Capacity (in gallons): 50
Temperature-pressure relief valve installed: Yes
Manufacturer: Bradford White
Location of water heater: Garage
Hot water temperature tested: Yes
One or more sections of the temperature-pressure relief valve drain line were sloped upwards. This is a potential safety hazard. Water and/or minerals can accumulate in the drain line after periodic discharges and impair the operation of the valve. Also, mineral deposits from accumulated water can accumulate on the valve and impair its operation. A qualified plumber should repair per standard building practices, and so the drain line doesn't slope upwards. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?TPRVALVE
These are general photos of the water heater.
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC)
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).
General heating system type(s): Forced air, Furnace, Heat pump
General heating distribution type(s): Ducts and registers
Last service date of primary heat source: 11/8/2017
Source for last service date of primary heat source: Label
Forced air heating system fuel type: Propane
Estimated age of forced air furnace: 2003
Forced air heating system manufacturer: Trane
Location of forced air furnace: Garage
Location for forced air filter(s): At top of air handler
Cooling system and/or heat pump fuel type: Electric
Type: Heat pump
Estimated age: 2003
24 hour automatic ventilation system present: Yes
Location of forced air furnace:
The estimated useful life for most heat pumps and air conditioning condensing units is 10-15 years. This unit appeared to be at this age and/or its useful lifespan and may need replacing or significant repairs at any time. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future.
One or more heating or cooling ducts in an unconditioned space (e.g. crawl space, attic or basement) were not insulated, or the insulation was damaged or deteriorated. This can result in reduced energy efficiency, moisture inside heating ducts, and/or "sweating" on cooling ducts. Recommend that a qualified person repair per standard building practices. For example, by wrapping ducts in insulation with an R-value of R-8.
The pad for the heat pump or air conditioning condensing unit was not level. This unit requires adequate support. The compressor may be damaged if this unit is tilted 10 degrees or more. Also, the pad should elevate the unit above the soil to prevent corrosion. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
What appeared to be the air handler's primary condensate drain line was routed so it drains close the foundation. Significant amounts of water can be produced by this system and can cause water infiltration. In extreme cases the wet soil may not adequately support the foundation. Recommend repairing as necessary so condensate water drains well away from the foundation. For example, by installing a splash block.
An ultraviolet light filter system was installed. These are specialty systems and are excluded from a typical home inspection. I recommend having a qualified HVAC contractor evaluate and maintain as necessary. I also recommend having a sight glass installed as these bulbs do need to be replaced fairly regularly.
The gas or oil-fired forced air furnace appeared to have been serviced within the last year based on information provided to the inspector or labeling on the equipment. If this is true, then routine servicing is not needed at this point. However a qualified HVAC contractor should inspect, clean, and service this system, and make repairs if necessary annually in the future. For more information visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?ANFURINSP
Recommend replacing or washing HVAC filters upon taking occupancy depending on the type of filters installed. Regardless of the type, recommend checking filters monthly in the future and replacing or washing them as necessary. How frequently they need replacing or washing depends on the type and quality of the filter, how the system is configured (e.g. always on vs. "Auto"), and on environmental factors (e.g. pets, smoking, frequency of house cleaning, number of occupants, the season).
A fresh makeup air system was installed with a timer. The timer controls the introduction of fresh air into the heating/cooling system's return air supply, and is necessary to maintain adequate indoor air quality. Typically, these systems should be activated three times a day for roughly 1/2 hour per time. The client should familiarize themselves with the timer's operation by reading the manufacturer's instructions and/or consulting with a qualified HVAC contractor, and by setting the timer as necessary.
An exhaust fan with a 24 or 12 hour timer was installed and served as a simple ventilation system. The timer can be configured to operate the fan automatically one or more times per day for a set length of time. These fans help reduce moisture and stale air inside the house. Guidelines vary for when and how long such fans should be configured to operate depending on the size of the house, number of occupants and rating of the fan. Recommend reviewing instructions or documentation for the timer and configuring the fan as necessary. The inspector notes these systems when present, but does not determine their adequacy, or if the timer is operable. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?VENTING
The estimated useful life for most forced air furnaces is 15-20 years. This furnace appeared to be at this age and/or its useful lifespan and may need replacing or significant repairs at any time. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future.
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: household appliances such as stoves, ovens, cook tops, ranges, warming ovens, griddles, broilers, dishwashers, trash compactors, refrigerators, freezers, ice makers, hot water dispensers and water filters; appliance timers, clocks, cook functions, self and/or continuous cleaning operations, thermostat or temperature control accuracy, and lights. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of the remaining life of appliances, and does not determine the adequacy of operation of appliances. The inspector does not note appliance manufacturers, models or serial numbers and does not determine if appliances are subject to recalls. Areas and components behind and obscured by appliances are inaccessible and excluded from this inspection.
Permanently installed kitchen appliances present during inspection: Range, Dishwasher, Refrigerator, Microwave oven
Range, cooktop or oven type: Electric
Type of ventilation: Hood or built into microwave over range or cooktop
One cooktop element was inoperable. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
Gaps, no caulk, or substandard caulking were found between countertops and backsplashes. Water may penetrate these areas and cause damage. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary. For example, by installing caulk.
Attic and Roof Structure
Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; areas and components obscured by insulation. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of the attic ventilation system. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high/low temperatures, high/low humidity, high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector is not a licensed engineer and does not determine the adequacy of roof structure components such as trusses, rafters or ceiling beams, or their spacing or sizing. Many areas near the lower sections of the attic are inaccessible and excluded.
Attic inspection method: Traversed
Location of attic access point #A: Garage
Attic access points that were opened and viewed, traversed or partially traversed: A
Roof structure type: Trusses, Rafters
Ceiling structure: Trusses
Ceiling insulation material: Cellulose loose fill
Roof ventilation type: Gable end vents, Open soffit vents
The ceiling insulation in one or more areas of the attic was compacted or uneven. Heating and cooling costs may be higher due to reduced energy efficiency. Recommend that a qualified person repair, replace or install insulation as necessary and per standard building practices (typically R-38).
Microbial staining was visible on roof sheathing, framing and/or insulation in the attic. Such staining usually occurs due to elevated humidity in the attic, and subsequent elevated moisture levels. When humid attic conditions have been corrected, it's likely that such staining will stop growing. Ongoing ventilation and/or insulation issues can also result in humid conditions. Please note any other comments in this report related to ventilation, insulation and/or moisture levels in the attic, and make any related recommended corrections. After issues related to the moisture conditions have been corrected, the clients may or may not wish to have mitigation work performed for the biological staining. Typically mold abatement specialists perform such work and may do the following:
- Remove affected attic insulation
- Clean microbial staining from wood surfaces
- Treat wood surfaces with mildewcides
- Prime wood with special primers
- Install new attic insulation
Note that the inspector is not an industrial hygienist and provides no professional opinion on health issues related to microbial growth. We recommend having an indoor air quality test performed.
Primarily noticeable above the garage.
These images are general pictures of the homes attic space.
Plumbing / Fuel Systems
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: private/shared wells and related equipment; private sewage disposal systems; hot tubs or spas; main, side and lateral sewer lines; gray water systems; pressure boosting systems; trap primers; incinerating or composting toilets; fire suppression systems; water softeners, conditioners or filtering systems; plumbing components concealed within the foundation or building structure, or in inaccessible areas such as below tubs; underground utilities and systems; overflow drains for tubs and sinks; backflow prevention devices. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not test for lead in the water supply, the water pipes or solder, does not determine if plumbing and fuel lines are adequately sized, and does not determine the existence or condition of underground or above-ground fuel tanks.
Water service: Public
Water pressure (psi): 82
Location of main water shut-off: Garage
Service pipe material: Copper
Supply pipe material: Copper
Drain pipe material: Plastic
Waste pipe material: Plastic
Vent pipe material: Plastic
Visible fuel storage systems: Above ground, propane tank
Location of main fuel shut-off valve: At propane tank
The water supply pressure was greater than 80 pounds per square inch (PSI). Pressures above 80 PSI may void warranties for some appliances such as water heaters or washing machines. Flexible supply lines to washing machines are likely to burst with higher pressures. 40-80 PSI is considered the normal range for water pressure in a home, and most plumbers recommend 50-60 PSI . Typically, the pressure cannot be regulated at the water meter. Recommend that a qualified plumber evaluate and make modifications to reduce the pressure to below 80 PSI . Installing a pressure reducing valve on the main service pipe is a common solution to this problem. If one exists, then it should be adjusted, repaired or replaced as necessary to maintain lower pressures. Note that installing a pressure reducing valve creates a "closed system," which may require installing an expansion tank at the water heater if one is not already installed.
Insulation for one or more water supply pipes in the crawl space was missing. Recommend replacing or installing insulation on pipes per standard building practices to prevent them from freezing during cold weather, and for better energy efficiency with hot water supply pipes.
Based on visible equipment or information provided to the inspector, this property appeared to have a yard irrigation (sprinkler) system. These are specialty systems and are excluded from this inspection. Comments in this report related to this system are made as a courtesy only and are not meant to be a substitute for a full evaluation by a qualified specialist. When this system is operated, recommend verifying that water is not directed at building exteriors, or directed so water accumulates around building foundations. Sprinkler heads may need to be adjusted, replaced or disabled. Consider having a qualified plumber verify that a backflow prevention device is installed per standard building practices to prevent cross-contamination of potable water. Recommend that a qualified specialist evaluate the irrigation system for other defects (e.g. leaks, damaged or malfunctioning sprinkler heads) and repair if necessary.
One or more clamps were installed on copper water supply pipes and the clamps were made with a metal other than copper (e.g. steel, brass). Contact between such dissimilar metals causes corrosion and can damage the water supply pipes. Recommend that a qualified person replace such clamps with clamps approved for use with copper pipes.
Steel piping for the gas service located outside were slightly corroded. I recommend having a qualified person prep and paint lines as necessary with a rust-preventative paint. Very corroded pipes should be replaced by a qualified contractor.
Based on visible components or information provided to the inspector, this property appeared to have a private sewage disposal (septic) system. These are specialty systems and are excluded from this inspection. Comments in this report related to this system are made as a courtesy only and are not meant to be a substitute for a full evaluation by a qualified specialist. Generally, septic tanks should be pumped and inspected every 3 years. Depending on the type of system and municipal regulations, inspection and maintenance may be required more frequently, often annually. Recommend the following:
- Consult with the property owner about this system's maintenance and repair history
- Review any documentation available for this system
- Review inspection and maintenance requirements for this system
- That a qualified specialist evaluate, perform maintenance and make repairs if necessary
For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?SEPTIC
One or more plumbing supply pipes had some amounts of what appeared to be known as “patina”. Patina can be caused when plumbers forget to wipe away their flux after soldering joints together. I recommend monitoring these pipes to make sure that they don’t leak in the future.
These images are general pictures of the homes plumbing components.
Main water shut off.
Propane shut off at the home.
Propane shut off at the tank.
Fireplaces, Stoves, Chimneys and Flues
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: coal stoves, gas logs, chimney flues (except where visible). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of drafting or sizing in fireplace and stove flues, and also does not determine if prefabricated or zero-clearance fireplaces are installed in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. The inspector does not perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, and does not light fires. The inspector provides a basic visual examination of a chimney and any associated wood burning device. The National Fire Protection Association has stated that an in-depth Level 2 chimney inspection should be part of every sale or transfer of property with a wood-burning device. Such an inspection may reveal defects that are not apparent to the home inspector who is a generalist.
Gas fireplace or stove type: Metal pre-fab fireplace
Fan or blower installed in gas-fired fireplace or stove: Yes
Gas-fired flue type: B-vent
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: overflow drains for tubs and sinks; heated towel racks, saunas, steam generators, clothes washers, clothes dryers. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of washing machine drain lines, washing machine catch pan drain lines, or clothes dryer exhaust ducts. The inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves for sinks, toilets, bidets, clothes washers, etc. due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not determine if shower pans or tub and shower enclosures are water tight, or determine the completeness or operability of any gas piping to laundry appliances.
Bathroom and laundry ventilation type: Spot exhaust fans, with individual ducts
Gas supply for laundry equipment present: Propane
240 volt receptacle for laundry equipment present: Yes
The clothes dryer exhaust duct appeared to need cleaning. Significant amounts of lint build-up were visible and may reduce air flow. This is a fire hazard. Recommend that a qualified person clean this duct now and as necessary in the future. Some chimney sweeps or heating/cooling duct cleaners perform this service. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?DRYER
The laundry room did not have a catch pan installed. Catch pans and drains prevent water damage to finished interior spaces below if or when the washing machine leaks, overflows or is drained. If concerned, consult with a qualified contractor about installing one. Note that drain lines for catch pans may be difficult to install in an existing home unless the washer is located adjacent to an exterior wall.
Caulk around the base of the toilet was missing, substandard and/or deteriorated. Modern standards require caulk to be installed around the toilet base where it meets the floor for sanitary reasons. I recommend leaving about a one inch space at the back of the toilet un-caulked. Without it, soiled water can soak into flooring and sub-floor materials if the toilet overflows. Condensation from the toilet can also soak into the flooring. Recommend that a qualified person caulk around toilet bases per standard building practices.
Such as at the hallway bathroom.
The clothes dryer exhaust duct was routed through an unheated space (e.g. crawl space, basement, attic) and was not insulated. Condensation can accumulate inside the duct. In extreme cases ducts can be blocked by pooled water. Recommend that a qualified person permanently install R-4 insulation around the duct per standard building practices.
Interior, Doors and Windows
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: security, intercom and sound systems; communications wiring; central vacuum systems; elevators and stair lifts; cosmetic deficiencies such as nail-pops, scuff marks, dents, dings, blemishes or issues due to normal wear and tear in wall, floor and ceiling surfaces and coverings, or in equipment; deficiencies relating to interior decorating; low voltage and gas lighting systems. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not evaluate any areas or items which require moving stored items, furnishings, debris, equipment, floor coverings, insulation or similar materials. The inspector does not test for asbestos, lead, radon, mold (unless requested), hazardous waste, urea formaldehyde urethane, or any other toxic substance. Some items such as window, drawer, cabinet door or closet door operability are tested on a sampled basis. The client should be aware that paint may obscure wall and ceiling defects, floor coverings may obscure floor defects, and furnishings may obscure wall, floor and floor covering defects. If furnishings were present during the inspection, recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings that were previously obscured when possible. Determining the cause and/or source of odors is not within the scope of this inspection.
Type(s) of windows: Vinyl, Multi-pane
Wall type or covering: Drywall
Ceiling type or covering: Drywall
Minor cracks, nail pops and/or blemishes were found in walls and/or ceilings in one or more areas. Cracks and nail pops are common, are often caused by lumber shrinkage or minor settlement, and can be more or less noticeable depending on changes in humidity. They did not appear to be a structural concern, but the client may wish to repair these for aesthetic reasons. For recurring cracks, consider using an elastic crack covering product:http://www.reporthost.com/?ECC
Limitations: Structural components such as joists and beams, and other components such as piping, wiring and/or ducting that are obscured by under-floor insulation are excluded from this inspection. The inspector does not determine if support posts, columns, beams, joists, studs, trusses, etc. are of adequate size, spanning or spacing.
The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that water will not accumulate in the crawl spaces in the future. Complete access to all crawl space areas during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. heavy rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so.
The inspector attempts to locate all crawl space access points and areas. Access points may be obscured or otherwise hidden by furnishings or stored items. In such cases, the client should ask the property owner where all access points are that are not described in this inspection, and have those areas inspected. Note that crawl space areas should be checked at least annually for water intrusion, plumbing leaks and pest activity.
Crawl space inspection method: Traversed
Location of crawl space access point #A: Building exterior
Crawl space access points that were opened and viewed, traversed or partially traversed: A
Pier or support post material: Wood
Beam material: Solid wood
Floor structure above: Engineered wood joists
Insulation material underneath floor above: Fiberglass roll or batt
Vapor barrier present: Yes
Ventilation type: with vents
Evidence of rodent activity was found in the form of dead rodents and/or damaged insulation in the crawl space. Consult with the property owner about this. A qualified person should make repairs to seal openings in the structure, set traps, and clean rodent waste as necessary. Continue to have these areas monitored in the future.
Significant gaps were found where pipes were routed through the foundation wall. Water, soil and/or vermin may enter the crawl space. Recommend that a qualified person make permanent repairs as necessary to seal these gaps.
The vapor barrier in some areas of the crawl space was loose or askew. Soil was exposed as a result and will allow water from the soil to evaporate up into the structure. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. A 6 mil black plastic sheet should be placed over all exposed soil with seams overlapped to 24 inches, and not in contact with any wood structural components. The sheeting should be held in place with bricks or stones, not wood. Recommend that a qualified person replace or repair the vapor barrier where necessary and per standard building practices.
One or more wooden support posts were resting on a concrete footing, pier or slab below and were in direct contact with the concrete. This can result in elevated levels of moisture in the wooden support post ends and is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Impervious membranes such as composition shingle scraps should be placed between posts and the concrete, or metal brackets should support the post bases. Even if posts are made of treated wood, the cut ends may not have been field-treated, leaving little or no preservative at the post center. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair per standard building practices. For example, by installing composition shingle scraps between the posts and the concrete below. Note that this may be a significant effort due to the need to lift the support posts.
Such as at the crawl space entryway.
Under-floor insulation was damaged or deteriorated in some areas, and may result in reduced energy efficiency. Recommend that a qualified person repair or replace insulation as necessary.
Cellulose material such as scrap wood and/or cardboard or paper was found in the crawl space. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend removing all cellulose-based debris or stored items.
Minor amounts of standing water were found at one or more locations in the crawl space. Some minor seasonal water accumulation can be normal. However significant amounts of Water may evaporate and enter the structure above causing high levels of moisture in the structure. This can be a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Rain runoff is the most common cause of wet crawl spaces but water can come from other sources such as groundwater or underground springs. Recommend monitoring the crawl space in the future, especially after heavy and/or prolonged periods of rain. Correct any issues related to outside perimeter grading and/or roof drainage (see any other comments about this in this report). Also, review any disclosure statements available and ask the property owner about past accumulation of water in the crawl space.
If standing water persists or increases in amount, recommend that a qualified contractor who specializes in drainage issues evaluate and repair as necessary. Typically such repairs include:
- Repairing, installing or improving underground footing and/or curtain drains
- Applying waterproof coatings to foundation walls
- Digging trenches in the crawl space to collect or divert water
- Installing sump pumps
Primarily noticeable at the at the back left and front areas of the home.
These images are general pictures of the homes crawl space.
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