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4U Home, Inc DBA 4U Inspection Services

http://www.4uhome.com
info@4uhome.com
(443) 539-8710
Inspector: Alan Grubb
Maryland Inspector License # 30963

Home Inspection Report

Client(s):  Future Home Owner
Property address:  123 Any Street
Anywhere, MD 20000
Inspection date:  Friday, December 14, 2018

This report published on Wednesday, December 19, 2018 11:55:10 AM EST

This report is the exclusive property of the client(s) listed in the report title and 4U Home, Inc. which holds the copyright to this publication. Use of this report by any unauthorized persons is prohibited.

An inspection is intended to assist in the evaluation of the overall condition of a building. The inspection is based on observation of the visible and apparent condition of the building and its components on the date of the inspection. The results of this home inspection are not intended to make any representation regarding latent or concealed defects that may exist. Your home inspector is not a licensed structural engineer or other professional whose license authorizes the rendering of an opinion as to structural integrity of a building or the condition of its components or systems, you may wish to seek the professional opinion of a licensed structural engineer or other professional regarding any possible defects or other observations when brought forth in this report.

This inspection is not a guarantee or warranty. It is recommend getting a home warranty with any home as the performance history of appliances, systems and components are unknown. Even if functioning as intended during inspection, these items can break down at any time and our inspection does not guarantee or warranty against any such failures. We recommend consultation with your Real Estate Professional with regards to home warranties or any concerns listed in this report.

This 4U Home, Inc. home inspection is not a substitute for a final walk-through to be performed by the new home owner. With any equipment or system, malfunctions, breakdowns and defects can occur at any time. No reliable speculation as to the longevity or future performance of any system or appliance is offered.

This report is prepared under the standards set forth in the "Maryland Standards of Practice", governing home inspections in the State of Maryland.

This reports may contain suggestions for repair, replacement, and/or further evaluation of areas and/or components of the inspected property. These items should be addressed (repaired, replaced,and/or evaluated) prior to the closing (transfer of ownership) of the home.

Photos in this report are representative of the type of concern listed in the description and are not intended to show all areas to which those concerns may apply.

Copyright 2018 4U Home, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this material may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by an information storage and retrieval system without permission in writing from the owner of this copyright. Inquiries should be addressed to 4U Home, Inc., 3545 Ellicott Mills Drive, Suite A-1, Ellicott City, MD 21043.

Not responsible for typographical errors

How to Read this Report
This report is organized by the property's functional areas.  Within each functional area, descriptive information is listed first and is shown in bold type.  Items of concern follow descriptive information. Concerns are shown and sorted according to these types:
Concern typeSafetyDenotes a condition that is unsafe and in need of prompt attention
Concern typeRepair/ReplaceRecommend repairing or replacing
Concern typeRepair/MaintainRecommend repair and/or maintenance
Concern typeBudget For ReplacementRepair/replacement likely within five years and may involve a significant expense
Concern typeRecommended Safety UpdateDenotes condition where older safety standards have changed and it is recommend that component or system be upgraded to newer safety standards.
Concern typeFurther EvaluationDue to inability to evaluate fully without specialized tools, knowledge, or disassembly, recommend evaluation by licensed contractor with such.
Concern typeCommentFor your information

Click here for a glossary of building construction terms.Contact your inspector If there are terms that you do not understand, or visit the glossary of construction terms at https://www.reporthost.com/glossary.asp

Table of Contents

General Information
Grounds
Exterior and Foundation
Roof
Attic and Roof Structure
Basement and/or Structure
Electric
Plumbing System
Water Heater
Fuel Systems
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC)
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC) 2
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC) 2 2
Fireplaces, Stoves, Chimneys and Flues
Kitchen
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
Interior, Doors and Windows

View summary

General Information
Table of contents
Report number: gra1214181500dk
Time started: 14:30
Time finished: 18:00
Present during inspection: Client, Realtor
Client present for discussion at end of inspection: Yes
Inspector: David Kemp
Weather conditions during inspection: Overcast
Temperature during inspection: Cool
Ground condition: Damp
Recent weather: Dry (no rain)
Overnight temperature: Cold
Inspection fee: 444.00
Payment method: Credit card
Type of building: Single family
Buildings inspected: One house
Age of main building in Years: 60/1958
Source for main building age: Municipal records or property listing
Occupied: Yes, Furniture or stored items were present
Municipal Permits: Inspector does not review municipal and/or county permits which may be required to exchange systems or to modify structure. Compliance to local building authorities permits should be adhered to to ensure proper local standards were met. Recommend consulting with owner and/or local building authorities about any components and/or structure that may have been exchanged and/or modified and if proper permits were issued.
1) Some areas and items at this property were obscured by furniture and/or stored items. This often includes but is not limited to walls, floors, windows, inside and under cabinets, under sinks, on counter tops, in closets, behind window coverings, under rugs or carpets, and under or behind furniture. Areas around the exterior, under the structure, in the garage and in the attic may also be obscured by stored items. The inspector in general does not move personal belongings, furnishings, carpets or appliances. When furnishings, stored items or debris are present, all areas or items that are obscured, concealed or not readily accessible are excluded from the inspection. The client should be aware that when furnishings, stored items or debris are eventually moved, damage or problems that were not noted during the inspection may be found.
Limitations: Unless specifically included in the inspection, the following items and any related equipment, controls, electric systems and/or plumbing systems are excluded from this inspection: detached buildings or structures; fences and gates; retaining walls; underground drainage systems, catch basins or concealed sump pumps; swimming pools and related safety equipment, spas, hot tubs or saunas; whether deck, balcony and/or stair membranes are watertight; trees, landscaping, properties of soil, soil stability, erosion and erosion control; ponds, water features, irrigation or yard sprinkler systems; sport courts, playground, recreation or leisure equipment; areas below the exterior structures with less than 3 feet of vertical clearance; invisible fencing; sea walls, docks and boathouses; retractable awnings. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only.
Condition of driveway: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Driveway material: Asphalt
Condition of fences and gates: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Fence and gate material: Wood
Site profile: Level, Minor slope
Condition of sidewalks and/or patios: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Sidewalk material: Paving stones
Condition of stairs, handrails and guardrails: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Exterior stair material: Masonry
2) Handrails at one or more flights of stairs were missing. This is a potential fall hazard. Handrails should be installed at stairs with four or more risers or where stairs are greater than 30 inches high. Recommend that a licensed contractor install handrails where missing and per standard building practices.
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3) Guardrails at one or more locations with drop-offs higher than 30 inches were missing. This poses a fall hazard. Guardrails should be installed where walking surfaces are more than 30 inches above the surrounding grade or surfaces below. Recommend that a licensed contractor install guardrails where missing and per standard building practices.
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4) The asphalt driveway surface was worn and is prone to developing cracks from water penetration. Recommend that a qualified person reseal the driveway. For more information, visit:
http://www.google.com/search?q=reseal+asphalt+driveway
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5) One or more fences were damaged or deteriorated and need repair. Recommend that a licensed contractor repair per standard building practices.
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6) Minor deterioration (e.g. cracks, holes, settlement, heaving) was found in sidewalks or patios, but no trip hazards were found. The client may wish to have repairs made for cosmetic reasons.
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Exterior and Foundation
Table of contents
Limitations: The inspector performs a visual inspection of accessible components or systems at the exterior. Items excluded from this inspection include below-grade foundation walls and footings; foundations, exterior surfaces or components obscured by vegetation, stored items or debris; wall structures obscured by coverings such as siding or trim. Some items such as siding, trim, soffits, vents and windows are often high off the ground, and may be viewed using binoculars from the ground or from a ladder. This may limit a full evaluation. Regarding foundations, some amount of cracking is normal in concrete slabs and foundation walls due to shrinkage and drying. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of seismic reinforcement.
Condition of wall exterior covering: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Apparent wall structure: Wood frame
Wall covering: Vinyl, Solid brick (not veneer)
Condition of foundation and footings: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Apparent foundation type: Finished basement
Foundation/stem wall material: Concrete block
Footing material (under foundation stem wall): Not determined (inaccessible or obscured)
7) The masonry (brick or stone) was deteriorated or damaged (cracks, missing brick/stone, Mortar) in some areas. Where cracks or openings are exposed, water can enter building envelope and may cause structural damage. Recommend that a licensed contractor repair as necessary. For example, by re-pointing mortar or replacing broken or missing masonry.
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8) Masonry deterioration was observed where mortar has deteriorated in the brick joints. As a result, water is likely to infiltrate the structure and may cause further damage. Recommend that a licensed contractor repair as necessary. For example, by re-pointing the mortar.
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9) The parging (decorative coating) on one or more foundation walls was damaged or deteriorated. This is not a structural concern, but the client may want this repaired for appearance's sake.
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10) Caulk was deteriorated in some areas. For example, around windows and/or at wall penetrations. Recommend that a qualified person renew or install caulk as necessary. Where gaps are wider than 1/4 inch, an appropriate material other than caulk should be used. For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/_docs/FPL_Caulking_Ins_Outs.pdf
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11) One or more shutters were loose.
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12) Exterior
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Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; solar roofing components. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on the roof surface material, nor guarantee that leaks have not occurred in the roof surface, skylights or roof penetrations in the past. Regarding roof leaks, only active leaks, visible evidence of possible sources of leaks, and evidence of past leaks observed during the inspection are reported on as part of this inspection. The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that leaks will not occur in the future. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. Regarding the roof drainage system, unless the inspection was conducted during and after prolonged periods of heavy rain, the inspector was unable to determine if gutters, downspouts and extensions performed adequately or were leak-free.
Limitations of age declaration:: The inspector cannot give an exact age of the roof surface by observation. It is recommend that the client seek a declaration by the seller and/or owner as to the correct age of the roof. This estimate of age is only a guideline for budgeting purposes and not a warranty of expectancy.
Roof inspection method: Traversed
Condition of roof surface material: Shows moderate wear, No visible damage
Roof surface material: Asphalt or fiberglass composition shingles
Roof type: Gable
Apparent number of layers of roof surface material: One
Condition of exposed flashings: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of gutters, downspouts and extensions: Appeared serviceable
Gutter and downspout material: Metal
Gutter and downspout installation: Full
13) Flashings at the base of one or more chimneys were missing. Leaks can occur as a result. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a licensed contractor evaluate and repair as necessary.
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14) Some composition shingles were damaged. Leaks can occur as a result. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a licensed contractor repair as necessary. For example, by replacing shingles.
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Attic and Roof Structure
Table of contents
Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; areas and components obscured by insulation. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of the attic ventilation system. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high/low temperatures, high/low humidity, high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector is not a licensed engineer and does not determine the adequacy of roof structure components such as trusses, rafters or ceiling beams, or their spacing or sizing.
Attic inspection method: Traversed
Location of attic access point #A: Master bedroom closet
Location of attic access point #B: Bedroom closet, second floor
Attic access points that were opened and viewed, traversed or partially traversed: A, B
Roof structure type: Rafters
Ceiling structure: Ceiling joists
Condition of roof structure: Serviceable as viewed
Condition of insulation in attic (ceiling, skylight chase, etc.): Appeared serviceable
Ceiling insulation material: Fiberglass loose fill, Fiberglass roll or batt
Condition of roof ventilation: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Roof ventilation type: Ridge vent(s), Open soffit vents
15) One or more soffit vents were blocked by insulation. This can reduce air flow through the roof structure or attic and result in reduced service life for the roof surface materials because of high temperatures. Moisture from condensation is also likely to accumulate in the roof structure and/or attic and can be a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary so air flows freely through all vents. For example, by moving or removing insulation and installing cardboard baffles.
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16) The ceiling insulation in one or more areas of the attic was compacted or uneven Heating and cooling costs may be higher due to reduced energy efficiency. Recommend that a qualified person repair, replace or install insulation as necessary and per standard building practices (typically R-49). http://energy.maryland.gov/
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Basement and/or Structure
Table of contents
Limitations: Structural components such as joists and beams, and other components such as piping, wiring and/or ducting that are obscured by under-floor insulation and/or wall insulation are also excluded from this inspection. Note that the inspector does not determine if support posts, columns, beams, joists, studs, trusses, etc. are of adequate size, spanning or spacing.

The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that water will not accumulate in the basement in the future. Access to the basement during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. heavy rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of basement floor or stairwell drains, or determine if such drains are clear or clogged.

Note that all basement areas should be checked periodically for water intrusion, plumbing leaks and pest activity.
Condition of foundation and footings: Appeared serviceable
Foundation/stem wall material: Concrete block
Condition of floor substructure above crawl space: Appeared serviceable
Pier or support post material: Steel
Beam material: Steel
Floor structure: Solid wood joists
17) Glass in one or more windows was cracked, broken and/or missing. Recommend that a licensed contractor replace glass where necessary.
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Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: generator systems, transfer switches, surge suppressors, inaccessible or concealed wiring; underground utilities and systems; low-voltage lighting or lighting on timers or sensors. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of grounding or bonding, if this system has an adequate capacity for the client's specific or anticipated needs, or if this system has any reserve capacity for additions or expansion. The inspector does not operate circuit breakers as part of the inspection, and does not install or change light bulbs. The inspector does not evaluate every wall switch or receptacle, but instead tests a representative number of them per various standards of practice. When furnishings, stored items or child-protective caps are present some receptacles are usually inaccessible and are not tested; these are excluded from this inspection. Receptacles that are not of standard 110 volt configuration, including 240-volt dryer receptacles, are not tested and are excluded. The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide detectors is not determined as part of this inspection. Upon taking occupancy, proper operating and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide detectors should be verified and batteries should be changed. These devices have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. The inspector attempts to locate and evaluate all main and sub-panels. However, panels are often concealed. If panels are found after the inspection, a licensed electrician should evaluate and repair if necessary. The inspector attempts to determine the overall electrical service size, but such estimates are not guaranteed because the overall capacity may be diminished by lesser-rated components in the system. Any repairs recommended should be made by a licensed electrician.
Electric service condition: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Primary service type: Overhead
Number of service conductors: 2
Service voltage (volts): 120-240
Estimated service amperage: 200
Primary service overload protection type: Circuit breakers
Service entrance conductor material: Stranded aluminum
Main disconnect rating (amps): 200
Smoke alarms installed: Yes, but not tested
Carbon monoxide alarms installed: No, recommend install
Smoke alarm power source(s): Not determined
Condition of main service panel: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of sub: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Location of main service panel #A: Basement
Location of sub-panel #C: Basement
Location of sub-panel #D: Living room
Location of main disconnect: Breaker at top of main service panel
Condition of branch circuit wiring: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Branch circuit wiring type: Non-metallic sheathed, Copper, Aluminum multi-strand
Solid strand aluminum branch circuit wiring present: None visible
18) The wire holder (e.g. brackets or fasteners) for the service entrance wires was loose. This is a potential shock and fire hazard. Recommend that a licensed electrician repair as necessary.
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19) Substandard wiring was found in the attic. For example, missing cover plates. This is a safety hazard. Recommend that a licensed electrician evaluate and repair as necessary and per standard building practices.
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20) One or more receptacles (outlets) were scorched. The wiring for these receptacles may be damaged due to overheating. Recommend that a licensed electrician replace such receptacles, evaluate related wiring and repair if necessary.
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21) The sub-panel located in the family room, appears to be improperly installed. This is a safety hazard for shock and fire. Recommend that a licensed electrician evaluate and repair as necessary
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22) One or more receptacles (outlets) were broken or damaged. This is a potential shock or fire hazard. Recommend that a licensed electrician replace such receptacles as necessary.
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23) Light fixtures with fully or partially exposed incandescent bulbs were installed in one or more closets. This is a fire hazard. Flammable stored items can come into contact with hot bulbs, or hot fragments from broken bulbs can fall on combustible materials. Closet lighting should use fluorescent light fixtures or fully enclosed incandescent fixtures. Installing a compact fluorescent lamp in a lamp holder is not an acceptable practice. If globes or covers are missing, they should be replaced. Otherwise recommend that a licensed electrician replace closet lights per standard building practices.
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24) One or more conduits or conduit fittings installed outside were loose. This is a potential shock and/or fire hazard. Recommend that a licensed electrician repair as necessary.
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25) One or more bushings were missing from where wires enter holes in panel(s) #C. This is a potential safety hazard because the wiring insulation can be cut or abraded on the metal edge of the hole(s). Recommend that a licensed electrician install bushings where missing.
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26) One or more cover plates for switches, receptacles (outlets) or junction boxes were missing or broken. These plates are intended to contain fire and prevent electric shock from occurring due to exposed wires. Recommend that a licensed contractor install cover plates where necessary.
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27) Based on today's standards, smoke alarms should be installed in each bedroom, in hallways leading to bedrooms, on each level of home and in attached garages. They have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. If home is over ten years in age it is recommend that the detectors (smoke alarms) be changed when taking occupancy. Older units allow for battery changes and this update of batteries should be done now and annually in the future. Recommend that a a carbon monoxide detector be installed near sleeping areas in homes with a fuel-burning appliance or attached garage.
28)  Location
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Plumbing System
Table of contents
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: private/shared wells and related equipment; private sewage disposal systems; hot tubs or spas; main, side and lateral sewer lines; gray water systems; pressure boosting systems; trap primers; incinerating or composting toilets; all parts of fire suppression systems; water softeners, conditioners or filtering systems; plumbing components concealed within the foundation or building structure, or in inaccessible areas such as below tubs; underground utilities and systems; overflow drains for tubs and sinks; backflow prevention devices. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not test for lead in the water supply, the water pipes or solder, does not determine if plumbing and fuel lines are adequately sized, and does not determine the existence or condition of underground or above-ground fuel tanks.
Condition of service and main line: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Location of main water meter: Front yard
Location of main water shut-off: Basement
Water service: Public
Service pipe material: Copper
Condition of supply lines: Appeared serviceable
Supply pipe material: Copper
Condition of drain pipes: Appeared serviceable
Drain pipe material: PVC (Polyvinyl chloride), Galvanized steel
Condition of waste lines: Appeared serviceable
Waste pipe material: PVC (Polyvinyl chloride), Cast iron
Location(s) of plumbing clean-outs: Basement
Vent pipe condition: Appeared serviceable
Vent pipe material: PVC (Polyvinyl chloride), Galvanized steel
Sump pump installed: Yes
Condition of sump pump: Appeared serviceable
29) The main water shut-off valve was leaking. Recommend that a licensed plumber repair or replace the valve as necessary.
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30) A sump pump was installed in the basement. These are specialty systems and only a limited evaluation was performed as part of this inspection. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of sump pumps and their associated drainage systems. The presence of a sump pump may indicate that water routinely accumulates below or inside the structure. Recommend asking the property owner how often the sump pump operates and for how long at different times of the year. The client should be aware that the service life of most sump pumps is 5-7 years, and that the pump may need replacing soon depending on its age and how often it operates.
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31) Location
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Water Heater
Table of contents
Limitations: Evaluation of and determining the adequacy or completeness of the following items are not included in this inspection: water recirculation pumps; solar water heating systems; Energy Smart or energy saver controls; catch pan drains. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on water heaters, does not determine if water heaters are appropriately sized, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit or a shut-off valve to be operated.
Condition of water heater: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below), Near, at or beyond service life
Type: Tank
Energy source: Natural gas
Capacity (in gallons): 50
Manufacturer: General Electric
Estimated age: 19/1999
Location of water heater: Basement
Temperature-pressure relief valve installed: Yes
Is Thermal Expansion Tank Installed: No
Condition of burners: Appeared serviceable
Condition of venting system: Appeared serviceable
Condition of combustion air supply: Appeared serviceable
32) The temperature-pressure relief valve drain line was too short. This is a potential safety hazard due to the risk of scalding if someone is standing next to the water heater when the valve opens. Recommend that a licensed plumber repair per standard building practices. For example, by extending the drain line to within 6 inches of the floor, or routing it to drain outside. For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/_docs/TPvalve.pdf
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33) The estimated useful life for most water heaters is 8-12 years. This water heater appeared to be this age and/or its useful lifespan and may need replacing at any time. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future, or considering replacement now before any leaks occur. The client should be aware that significant flooding can occur if the water heater fails. If not replaced now, consider having a qualified person install a catch pan and drain or a water alarm, if not already installed, to help prevent damage if water does leak.
34) Location/Serial Number of unit.
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Fuel Systems
Table of contents
Condition of fuel system: Appeared serviceable
Visible fuel storage systems: None visible
Location of main fuel shut-off valve: At gas meter
35)  Location
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Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC)
Table of contents
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy; reversing valve on heat pumps and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).
General heating system type(s): Forced air, Heat pump
General heating distribution type(s): Through the Wall
Location of forced air furnace: Family room
Condition of cooling system and/or heat pump Condenser: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Type: Split system
Manufacturer: Ramsond
Limitations: HVAC Distribution: By the Maryland SoPs (Standards of Practice) of home inspection, it is beyond the scope to determine the adequacy and/or condition of heating, venting and air conditioning components. This includes the duct work, venting or lack there of to accommodate heat and/or air conditioning in the home. The inspector based on conditions on the day of inspection may or may not be able to determine the proper conditioning of all rooms. Measurement of proper air flow and conditioning of rooms requires equipment and calculations that your inspector would not have nor address doing a standard Maryland home inspection. Recommend that any system beyond twenty years old, a new system in a home recently remodeled and/or system that has been modified be evaluated by a licensed HAVC professional with equipment to determine proper air volume and installation.
36) Insulation on the heat pump or air conditioning condensing unit's refrigerant lines was deteriorated or missing in some areas. This may result in reduced efficiency and increased energy costs. Recommend that a qualified person replace or install insulation as necessary.
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37) The estimated useful life for most heat pumps and air conditioning condensing units is 8-20 years. The inspector was unable to determine the age of this unit. Be aware that it may be near, at, or beyond its useful life and may need replacing or significant repairs at any time. Recommend attempting to determine the age (ask property owner or service technician), and budgeting for a replacement if necessary.
38) Location/Serial Number of unit.
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Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC) 2
Table of contents
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy; reversing valve on heat pumps and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).
Condition of cooling system and/or heat pump Condenser: Near, at or beyond service life
Cooling system and/or heat pump fuel type: Electric
Type: Split system
Manufacturer: Rheem
Estimated age: 16/2002
Estimated age: 16
Condition of furnace filters: Required replacement
Location for forced air filter(s): Behind air return grill(s)
Limitations: HVAC Distribution: By the Maryland SoPs (Standards of Practice) of home inspection, it is beyond the scope to determine the adequacy and/or condition of heating, venting and air conditioning components. This includes the duct work, venting or lack there of to accommodate heat and/or air conditioning in the home. The inspector based on conditions on the day of inspection may or may not be able to determine the proper conditioning of all rooms. Measurement of proper air flow and conditioning of rooms requires equipment and calculations that your inspector would not have nor address doing a standard Maryland home inspection. Recommend that any system beyond twenty years old, a new system in a home recently remodeled and/or system that has been modified be evaluated by a licensed HAVC professional with equipment to determine proper air volume and installation.
Condition of forced air ducts and registers: Not determined (inaccessible, obscured or system inoperable)
Condition of controls: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
39) Recommend replacing or washing HVAC filters upon taking occupancy depending on the type of filters installed. Regardless of the type, recommend checking filters monthly in the future and replacing or washing them as necessary. How frequently they need replacing or washing depends on the type and quality of the filter, how the system is configured (e.g. always on vs. "Auto"), and on environmental factors (e.g. pets, smoking, frequency of house cleaning, number of occupants, the season).
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40) The digital display on the thermostat was dim or displayed readings in a substandard way. This may be caused by a low or dead battery. The batteries should be replaced. If this condition persists after replacing the batteries, then recommend that a licensed HVAC contractor evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.
41) The estimated useful life for most heat pumps and air conditioning condensing units is 8-20 years. This unit appeared to be at this age and/or its useful lifespan and may need replacing or significant repairs at any time. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future.
42) The outdoor air temperature was below 65 degrees Fahrenheit during the inspection. Air conditioning condenser systems can be damaged if operated during such low temperatures. Because of this, the inspector was unable to operate and fully evaluate the cooling system. Recommend that a full evaluation be made by a qualified person when conditions are favorable and the system is operable.
43) Front of air handler could not be removed due to configuration of venting and discharge pipes. Air handler was not fully evaluated. Recommend evaluation by licensed HAVC professional.
44) Location/Serial Number of unit.
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Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC) 2 2
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Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy; reversing valve on heat pumps and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).
General heating system type(s): Radiant
General heating distribution type(s): Pipes and convectors
Location of forced air furnace: Basement
Limitations: HVAC Distribution: By the Maryland SoPs (Standards of Practice) of home inspection, it is beyond the scope to determine the adequacy and/or condition of heating, venting and air conditioning components. This includes the duct work, venting or lack there of to accommodate heat and/or air conditioning in the home. The inspector based on conditions on the day of inspection may or may not be able to determine the proper conditioning of all rooms. Measurement of proper air flow and conditioning of rooms requires equipment and calculations that your inspector would not have nor address doing a standard Maryland home inspection. Recommend that any system beyond twenty years old, a new system in a home recently remodeled and/or system that has been modified be evaluated by a licensed HAVC professional with equipment to determine proper air volume and installation.
Condition of hydronic or steam heat system: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Type of hydronic or steam heat: Hydronic (hot water)
Hydronic or steam heat fuel type: Natural gas
Boiler Manufacturer: Slant-Fin
Condition of combustion air supply: Appeared serviceable
Condition of controls: Appeared serviceable
45) The last service date of the boiler system appeared to be more than 1 year ago, or the inspector was unable to determine the last service date. Ask the property owner when it was last serviced. If unable to determine the last service date, or if this system was serviced more than 1 year ago, recommend that a licensed contractor service this system and make repairs if necessary. Any needed repairs noted in this report should be brought to the attention of the contractor when it's serviced.
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46) Location/Serial Number of unit.
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47)  The estimated useful life for most cast iron boilers is 30 years. This boiler appeared to be at this age and/or its useful lifespan and may need replacing or significant repairs at any time. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future.
Fireplaces, Stoves, Chimneys and Flues
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Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: coal stoves, gas logs, chimney flues (except where visible). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of drafting or sizing in fireplace and stove flues, and also does not determine if prefabricated or zero-clearance fireplaces are installed in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. The inspector does not perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, and does not light fires. The inspector provides a basic visual examination of a chimney and any associated wood burning device. The National Fire Protection Association has stated that an in-depth Level 2 chimney inspection should be part of every sale or transfer of property with a wood-burning device. Such an inspection may reveal defects that are not apparent to the home inspector who is a generalist.
Condition of wood-burning fireplaces, stoves: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Wood-burning fireplace type: Masonry
Condition of chimneys and flues: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Wood-burning chimney type: Masonry
Gas-fired flue type: Masonry with clay tile liner
48) One or more chimneys for wood-burning devices were too short. Fireplace and/or wood stove chimneys should terminate more than 3 feet above the roof surface and/or more than 2 feet above any object on the roof within 10 feet horizontally. Shorter chimneys can have a drafting problems due to air turbulence around the roof or building structure. Recommend that a licensed contractor repair per standard building practices.
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49) One or more holes, gaps or openings were found in the masonry chimney inside the building. This is a potential safety hazard due to the risk of exhaust gases entering living spaces. Recommend that a qualified person make permanent repairs as necessary. For example, by filling holes with masonry products such as mortar, concrete and/or bricks.
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50) One or more wood-burning fireplaces or stoves were found at the property. When such devices are used, they should be professionally inspected and cleaned annually to prevent creosote build-up and to determine if repairs are needed. The National Fire Protection Association states that a "Level 2" chimney inspection should be performed with every sale or transfer of property with a wood-burning device. Recommend consulting with the property owner about recent and past servicing and repairs to all wood-burning devices and chimneys or flues at this property. Recommend that a qualified specialist evaluate all wood-burning devices and chimneys, and clean and repair as necessary. Note that if a wood stove insert is installed, it may need to be removed for such an evaluation. For more information, search for "chimney inspection" at:
http://www.csia.org/
51) One or more gaps were found between the fireplace face and the firebox. Heat from the firebox may penetrate these gaps to combustible materials in the wall structure. This is a potential fire hazard. Recommend that a licensed contractor repair as necessary.
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52) Gaps were found between the brick chimney and the building exterior. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary to prevent water, insect and/or vermin intrusion. For example, by installing or renewing caulk. Note that an approved material other than caulk should be used for gaps wider than 1/4 inch.
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53)  Location
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Limitations: Testing of kitchen appliances includes basic function but does not include determining if the appliance is adequately performing its intended functions and it does not include determining if sensors, thermostats and other devices are accurately calibrated. The following items are not included in this inspection: hot water dispensers and water filters; appliance timers, clocks, cook functions, self and/or continuous cleaning operations, thermostat or temperature control accuracy, and lights. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of the remaining life of appliances, and does not determine the adequacy of operation of appliances. The inspector does not note appliance manufacturers, models or serial numbers and does not determine if all appliances are subject to recalls. Areas and components behind and obscured by appliances are inaccessible and excluded from this inspection.
Permanently installed kitchen appliances present during inspection: Range, Dishwasher, Refrigerator, Under-sink food disposal
Condition of counters: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of cabinets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of sinks and related plumbing: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of under-sink food disposal: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of dishwasher: Appeared serviceable
Condition of range, cooktop: Appeared serviceable
Range, cooktop type: Electric
Condition of refrigerator: Appeared serviceable
Condition of built in Microwave Oven: N/A (none installed)
Condition of hot water dispenser: N/A (none installed)
54) Countertops and/or backsplashes were damaged or deteriorated. Recommend repairing or replacing as necessary.
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55) The under-sink food disposal was noisy or vibrated excessively. Recommend that a licensed contractor repair or replace as necessary.
56) The sink had minor wear, blemishes or deterioration.
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Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
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Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: overflow drains for tubs and sinks; heated towel racks, saunas, steam generators, clothes washers, clothes dryers. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of washing machine drain lines, washing machine catch pan drain lines, or clothes dryer exhaust ducts. The inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves for sinks, toilets, bidets, clothes washers, etc. due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not determine if shower pans or tub and shower enclosures are water tight, or determine the completeness or operability of any gas piping to laundry appliances.
Location #A: Full bath, Master bath
Location #B: Full bath, second floor
Location #C: Full bath
Location #D: Half bath, first floor
Condition of counters: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of cabinets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of flooring: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of sinks and related plumbing: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of toilets: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of bathtubs and related plumbing: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of shower(s) and related plumbing: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of ventilation systems: Appeared serviceable
Bathroom ventilation type: with individual exhaust ducts
Gas supply for laundry equipment present: Yes
240 volt receptacle for laundry equipment present: Yes
57) The toilet at location(s) #A, B and C was loose where it attached to the floor. Leaks can occur. Flooring, the subfloor or areas below may get damaged. Sewer gases can enter living spaces. Recommend that a licensed contractor remove the toilet(s) for further evaluation and repair if necessary. A new wax ring should be installed and toilet(s) should be securely anchored to the floor to prevent movement and leaking.
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58) The shower head at location(s) #A was leaking. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
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59) A significant amount of water came out of the bathtub spout when the shower at location(s) #C was turned on. The diverter valve is likely defective, or may be encrusted with mineral deposits. Water will be wasted as a result. Recommend that a licensed plumber repair or replace components as necessary.
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60) Tile, stone and/or grout in the flooring at location(s) #A was deteriorated (e.g. loose or cracked tiles, missing grout) or substandard. Water can damage the the subfloor as a result. Recommend that a licensed contractor repair as necessary.
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61) Gaps, no caulk, or substandard caulking were found around the sink at location(s) #D. Water can penetrate these areas and cause damage. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary. For example, by installing or replacing caulk.
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62) The sink drain stopper mechanism at location(s) #A was inoperable. Recommend that a qualified person repair or replace as necessary.
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63) The bathtub at location(s) #C drained slowly. Recommend clearing drain and/or that a licensed plumber repair if necessary.
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64) Rubber water supply hoses were installed at the clothes washer. These hoses are prone to bursting when deteriorated, which can result in flooding and significant water damage. Recommend upgrading to braided, stainless steel hoses.
65) Note washer and dryer are operated to evaluate proper installation and for leaks in supply and drain (washer) and power supply and air exhaust (dryer) only. No evaluation is made on the systems ability to perform its duty, mechanical function or on the age of either system.
66) No washer and dryer were present at time of inspection. Water supply and drainage system for clothes washer as well as venting for dryer was not tested.
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Interior, Doors and Windows
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Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: security, intercom and sound systems; communications wiring; central vacuum systems; elevators and stair lifts; cosmetic deficiencies such as nail-pops, scuff marks, dents, dings, blemishes or issues due to normal wear and tear in wall, floor and ceiling surfaces and coverings, or in equipment; deficiencies relating to interior decorating; low voltage and gas lighting systems. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not evaluate any areas or items which require moving stored items, furnishings, debris, equipment, floor coverings, insulation or similar materials. The inspector does not test for asbestos, lead, radon, mold, hazardous waste, urea formaldehyde urethane, or any other toxic substance. Some items such as window, drawer, cabinet door or closet door operability are tested on a sampled basis. The client should be aware that paint may obscure wall and ceiling defects, floor coverings may obscure floor defects, and furnishings may obscure wall, floor and floor covering defects. If furnishings were present during the inspection, recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings that were previously obscured when possible. Determining the cause and/or source of odors is not within the scope of this inspection.
Condition of exterior entry doors: Appeared serviceable
Exterior door material: Metal, Glass panel
Condition of interior doors: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of windows and skylights: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Type(s) of windows: Vinyl, Multi-pane, Double-hung
Condition of walls and ceilings: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Wall type or covering: Drywall
Ceiling type or covering: Drywall
Condition of flooring: Appeared serviceable
Condition of concrete slab floor(s): Appeared serviceable
Flooring type or covering: Carpet, Vinyl, linoleum or marmoleum, Wood or wood products, Tile
Condition of stairs, handrails and guardrails: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
67) Handrails at one or more flights of stairs were missing. This is a potential fall hazard. Handrails should be installed at stairs with four or more risers or where stairs are greater than 30 inches high. Recommend that a licensed contractor install handrails where missing and per standard building practices.
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68) Condensation or staining was visible between multi-pane glass in many windows. This usually indicates that the seal between the panes of glass has failed or that the desiccant material that absorbs moisture is saturated. As a result, the view through the window may be obscured, the window's R-value will be reduced, and accumulated condensation may leak into the wall structure below. Recommend that a licensed contractor evaluate and repair windows as necessary. Usually, this means replacing the glass in window frames.

Be aware that evidence of failed seals or desiccant may be more or less visible depending on the temperature, humidity, sunlight, etc. Windows or glass-paneled doors other than those that the inspector identified may also have failed seals and need glass replaced. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to identify every window with failed seals or desiccant.
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69) One or more interior doors wouldn't latch or were difficult to latch. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary. For example, by adjusting latch plates or locksets.
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70) Tilt mechanisms(latch) on one or more windows were damaged and/or missing. This feature allows easy cleaning of outside of window from inside of home as well as keeping window securely in frame at top of window. Missing or loose mechanisms may allow energy loss. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
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71) Minor cracks, nail pops and/or blemishes were found in walls and/or ceilings in one or more areas. Cracks and nail pops are common, are often caused by lumber shrinkage or minor settlement, and can be more or less noticeable depending on changes in humidity. They did not appear to be a structural concern, but the client may wish to repair these for aesthetic reasons. For recurring cracks, consider using an elastic crack covering product:
http://www.google.com/search?q=elastic+crack+cover
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This report is prepared under the standards set forth in the "Maryland Standards of Practice", governing home inspections in the State of Maryland.

Re-Inspection: Any return to property for follow up and/or completion due to inaccessible areas, repairs made, and/or request of client is at the discretion of the Inspector and will be charged a re-inspection fee at the prevailing rates in effect at that time.

Copyright 2016 4U Home, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this material may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by an information storage and retrieval system without permission in writing from the owner of this copyright. Inquiries should be addressed to 4U Home, Inc., 3545 Ellicott Mills Drive, Ellicott City, MD 21043

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