View as PDF

View summary

Warner Home Inspections

Website: http://www.warnerhomeinspections.com
Inspector's email: warnerinspections@gmail.com
Inspector's phone: (585) 370-6216
Inspector: Donald Warner
NYS License: 6000061239

 

Property Inspection Report

Client(s):  Shauna Paradine Tschirhart
Property address:  3791 Saint Paul Boulevard
Inspection date:  Friday, March 02, 2018

This report published on Saturday, March 03, 2018 1:33:17 PM EST

This report is the exclusive property of this inspection company and the client(s) listed in the report title. Use of this report by any unauthorized persons is prohibited.
How to Read this Report
This report is organized by the property's functional areas.  Within each functional area, descriptive information is listed first and is shown in bold type.  Items of concern follow descriptive information. Concerns are shown and sorted according to these types:
Concern typeSafetyPoses a safety hazard
Concern typeMajor DefectCorrection likely involves a significant expense
Concern typeRepair/ReplaceRecommend repairing or replacing
Concern typeRepair/MaintainRecommend repair and/or maintenance
Concern typeMinor DefectCorrection likely involves only a minor expense
Concern typeMaintainRecommend ongoing maintenance
Concern typeEvaluateRecommend evaluation by a specialist
Concern typeMonitorRecommend monitoring in the future
Concern typeCommentFor your information

Click here for a glossary of building construction terms.Contact your inspector If there are terms that you do not understand, or visit the glossary of construction terms at https://www.reporthost.com/glossary.asp

Table of Contents
General Information
Grounds
Exterior and Foundation
Basement
Roof
Attic and Roof Structure
Garage or Carport
Electric
Plumbing / Fuel Systems
Water Heater
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC)
Fireplaces, Stoves, Chimneys and Flues
Kitchen
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
Interior, Doors and Windows
Wood Destroying Organism Findings

View summary


General Information
Return to table of contents

Report number: 20180302
Time started: 1:30 PM
Time finished: 4:50 PM
Present during inspection: Client, Realtor
Client present for discussion at end of inspection: Yes
Weather conditions during inspection: Snow, hail or sleet
Temperature during inspection: Freezing
Inspection fee: $375.00
Payment method: Credit card
Buildings inspected: One house, One detached garage
Number of residential units inspected: 1
Age of main building: 106
Source for main building age: Municipal records or property listing
Front of building faces: East, Southeast
Main entrance faces: East, Southeast
Occupied: Yes, Furniture or stored items were present

1) Structures built prior to the mid 1980s may contain lead and/or asbestos. Lead is commonly found in paint and in some plumbing components. The EPA does not recognize newer coats of paint as encapsulating older coats of lead-based paint. Asbestos is commonly found in various building materials such as insulation, siding, and/or floor and ceiling tiles. Laws were passed in 1978 to prohibit usage of lead and asbestos, but stocks of materials containing these substances remained in use for a number of years thereafter. Both lead and asbestos are known health hazards. Evaluating for the presence of lead and/or asbestos is beyond the scope of this inspection. Any mention of these materials in this report is made as a courtesy only, and meant to refer the client to a specialist. Consult with specialists as necessary, such as industrial hygienists, professional labs and/or abatement specialists for this type of evaluation. For information on lead, asbestos and other hazardous materials in homes, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?EPA
http://www.reporthost.com/?CPSC
http://www.reporthost.com/?CDC



Suspected asbestos was visible in several areas of the basement. Recommend these areas be tested, and if the material is asbestos that it be removed by a qualified abatement contractor.
Photo
Photo 1-1
Photo
Photo 1-2
Photo
Photo 1-3
 

2) Evidence of rodent infestation was found in the form of traps in the attic. Consult with the property owner about this. A qualified person should make repairs to seal openings in the structure, set traps, and clean rodent waste as necessary. Recommend following guidelines in these Center for Disease Control articles:
http://www.reporthost.com/?SEALUP
http://www.reporthost.com/?TRAPUP
http://www.reporthost.com/?CLEANUP
Photo
Photo 2-1
 

3) Many areas and items at this property were obscured by furniture and/or stored items. This often includes but is not limited to walls, floors, windows, inside and under cabinets, under sinks, on counter tops, in closets, behind window coverings, under rugs or carpets, and under or behind furniture. Areas around the exterior, under the structure, in the garage and in the attic may also be obscured by stored items. The inspector in general does not move personal belongings, furnishings, carpets or appliances. When furnishings, stored items or debris are present, all areas or items that are obscured, concealed or not readily accessible are excluded from the inspection. The client should be aware that when furnishings, stored items or debris are eventually moved, damage or problems that were not noted during the inspection may be found.

Grounds
Return to table of contents

Limitations: Unless specifically included in the inspection, the following items and any related equipment, controls, electric systems and/or plumbing systems are excluded from this inspection: detached buildings or structures; fences and gates; retaining walls; underground drainage systems, catch basins or concealed sump pumps; swimming pools and related safety equipment, spas, hot tubs or saunas; whether deck, balcony and/or stair membranes are watertight; trees, landscaping, properties of soil, soil stability, erosion and erosion control; ponds, water features, irrigation or yard sprinkler systems; sport courts, playground, recreation or leisure equipment; areas below the exterior structures with less than 3 feet of vertical clearance; invisible fencing; sea walls, docks and boathouses; retractable awnings. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only.
Site profile: Level, Steep slope
Condition of driveway: Appeared serviceable
Driveway material: Brick
Condition of sidewalks and/or patios: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Sidewalk material: Poured in place concrete
Condition of deck, patio and/or porch covers: Appeared serviceable
Deck, patio, porch cover material and type: Open
Condition of decks, porches and/or balconies: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Deck, porch and/or balcony material: Masonry
Condition of stairs, handrails and guardrails: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Exterior stair material: Wood, Masonry

4) Handrails at one or more flights of stairs were missing. This is a potential fall hazard. Handrails should be installed at stairs with four or more risers or where stairs are greater than 30 inches high. Recommend that a qualified contractor install handrails where missing and per standard building practices.
Photo
Photo 4-1
Photo
Photo 4-2

5) Cracks, holes, settlement, heaving and/or deterioration resulting in trip hazards were found in the sidewalks or patios. For safety reasons, recommend that a qualified contractor repair as necessary to eliminate trip hazards.
Photo
Photo 5-1
 

6)   Minor settlement was found at the front porch steps. It does not appear to effect the structural integrity. Refer to section 13 under exterior and foundation.

Exterior and Foundation
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The inspector performs a visual inspection of accessible components or systems at the exterior. Items excluded from this inspection include below-grade foundation walls and footings; foundations, exterior surfaces or components obscured by vegetation, stored items or debris; wall structures obscured by coverings such as siding or trim. Some items such as siding, trim, soffits, vents and windows are often high off the ground, and may be viewed using binoculars from the ground or from a ladder. This may limit a full evaluation. Regarding foundations, some amount of cracking is normal in concrete slabs and foundation walls due to shrinkage and drying. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of seismic reinforcement.
Wall inspection method: Viewed from ground, from a ladder
Condition of wall exterior covering: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Apparent wall structure: Wood frame
Wall covering: Wood, Brick veneer
Condition of foundation and footings: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Apparent foundation type: Unfinished basement, Finished basement
Foundation/stem wall material: Concrete block
Footing material (under foundation stem wall): Not determined (inaccessible or obscured)

7) One or more holes or gaps were found in the foundation. This is a safety concern due to the proximity of boiler exaust, this can allow carbon monoxide to enter the dwelling. Vermin may enter the building substructure as a result. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 7-1
Photo
Photo 7-2

8) Some sections of siding and/or trim were deteriorated and/or split. Recommend that a qualified person repair, replace or install siding or trim as necessary.

9) The masonry (brick or stone) veneer was deteriorated or damaged in some areas. Where cracks or openings are exposed, water can enter the wall structure causing mold, fungal growth and structural damage. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair as necessary. For example, by repointing mortar or replacing broken or missing masonry.
Photo
Photo 9-1
Photo
Photo 9-2

10) Flashing at one or more locations was substandard and/or loose. Leaks can occur as a result. Recommend that a qualified person repair, replace or install flashing as necessary, and per standard building practices.
Photo
Photo 10-1
 

11) Moderate cracks (1/8 inch - 3/4 inch) and/or leaning were found in the foundation. This may be a structural concern or an indication that settlement is ongoing. The client should consider hiring qualified contractors and/or engineers as necessary for further evaluation. Such contractors may include:
  • Foundation repair contractors who may prescribe repairs, and will give cost estimates for such repairs
  • Masonry contractors who repair and/or replace brick veneer
  • Geotechnical engineers who attempt to determine if settlement is ongoing, and the cause of the settlement
  • Structural engineers who determine if repairs are necessary, and prescribe those repairs
At a minimum, recommend sealing cracks to prevent water infiltration. Numerous products exist to seal such cracks including hydraulic cement, resilient caulks and epoxy sealants.
Photo
Photo 11-1
Photo
Photo 11-2
Photo
Photo 11-3
 

12) One or more windows or doors were installed with no "drip cap" or "Z" flashings installed above them. Better building practices call for such flashings, which greatly reduce the chance of leaks above windows and doors. Without this flashing, caulk and paint must be maintained or water can enter the wall structure and cause rot and possible structural damage. Depending on the exposure (e.g. roof overhang, height of exterior wall, direction of prevailing rain) this may or may not be an issue. The client should monitor these areas in the future and maintain caulk and paint as necessary. Consult with a qualified contractor about installing flashings where needed, and per standard building practices. Note that when trim or siding is removed to install flashing, damaged wood may be found and additional repairs may be needed.

13) One or more holes or gaps were found in siding or trim. Vermin, insects or water may enter the structure. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 13-1
Photo
Photo 13-2

14) One or more areas where wood siding or trim was installed above stone or masonry had no flashing below the wood. Flashing should be installed between masonry or stone and wood trim or siding above to keep water from accumulating at that gap. Without the flashing, the wood trim or siding is prone to fungal rot and deterioration. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified contractor install flashing where missing and per standard building practices. Note that when trim or siding is removed to install flashing, damaged wood may be found and additional repairs may be needed.

15) The masonry (brick or stone) veneer extended below the soil at one or more exterior walls. Masonry veneers should be installed so the bottom edge is at least a few inches above the soil so that any water accumulated inside the wall structure can drain from weep holes, and so termites don't enter the structure through mortar joints or cracks in the veneer. If soil, decorative bark, etc. has been back-filled against the veneer, it should be graded or removed as necessary to expose weep holes (if they're installed) and to maintain a few inches of clearance between the veneer and the soil below. Otherwise, the client should at least be aware of this potential for water and insect intrusion, and monitor these walls inside and out for any signs of accumulated moisture in the future. If damage occurs, recommend that a qualified contractor repair as necessary. For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?MVBG

16) Trees were in contact with or were close to the building at one or more locations. Damage to the building can occur, especially during high winds, or may have already occurred (see other comments in this report). Recommend that a qualified tree service contractor or certified arborist remove trees as necessary to prevent damage to the building exterior.
Photo
Photo 16-1
 

17) The paint or stain finish over much of the entire structure was failing (e.g. peeling, faded, worn, thinning). Siding and trim with a failing finish can be damaged by moisture. Recommend that a qualified contractor prep (e.g. clean, scrape, sand, prime, caulk) and repaint or restain the entire building exterior per standard building practices. Any repairs needed to the siding or trim should be made prior to this.
Photo
Photo 17-1
Photo
Photo 17-2
Photo
Photo 17-3
 

18) Caulk was missing and/or deteriorated in some areas. For example, around windows, around doors, at siding-trim junctions and/or at wall penetrations. Recommend that a qualified person renew or install caulk as necessary. Where gaps are wider than 1/4 inch, an appropriate material other than caulk should be used. For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?CAULK
Photo
Photo 18-1
 

Basement
Return to table of contents

Limitations: Structural components such as joists and beams, and other components such as piping, wiring and/or ducting that are obscured by under-floor insulation are also excluded from this inspection. Note that the inspector does not determine if support posts, columns, beams, joists, studs, trusses, etc. are of adequate size, spanning or spacing.

The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that water will not accumulate in the basement in the future. Access to the basement during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. heavy rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of basement floor or stairwell drains, or determine if such drains are clear or clogged.

Note that all basement areas should be checked periodically for water intrusion, plumbing leaks and pest activity.
Condition of floor substructure above: Appeared serviceable
Pier or support post material: Steel
Beam material: Steel
Floor structure above: Solid wood joists
Condition of insulation underneath floor above: Not applicable, none installed
Insulation material underneath floor above: None visible

19) Evidence of prior water intrusion was found in one or more sections of the basement. For example, water stains or rust at support post bases, efflorescence on the foundation, etc. Accumulated water is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms and should not be present in the basement. Recommend reviewing any disclosure statements available and ask the property owner about past accumulation of water in the basement. The basement should be monitored in the future for accumulated water, especially after heavy and/or prolonged periods of rain. If water is found to accumulate, then recommend that a qualified contractor who specializes in drainage issues evaluate and repair as necessary. Typical repairs for preventing water from accumulating in basements include:
  • Repairing, installing or improving rain run-off systems (gutters, downspouts and extensions or drain lines)
  • Improving perimeter grading
  • Repairing, installing or improving underground footing and/or curtain drains
Ideally, water should not enter basements, but if water must be controlled after it enters the basement, then typical repairs include installing a sump pump.
Photo
Photo 19-1
Photo
Photo 19-2
Photo
Photo 19-3
 

20) Grates were missing from one or more basement floor drains. Recommend installing grates where missing to prevent clogging.

21) Sealant or water-proofing coating was found on basement walls and/or floors. This may indicate that water has infiltrated or accumulated in the basement previously. Monitor the basement for excessive moisture conditions in the future, and review any disclosure statements related to accumulated moisture in the basement. Note that the inspector does not guarantee or warrant that water will not accumulate in the basement in the future.

22) Several floor joists had minor cracks, monitor these joist for additional movement. If the cracks worsen I recommend that a qualified contractor evaluates, and repairs.

Roof
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; solar roofing components. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on the roof surface material, nor guarantee that leaks have not occurred in the roof surface, skylights or roof penetrations in the past. Regarding roof leaks, only active leaks, visible evidence of possible sources of leaks, and evidence of past leaks observed during the inspection are reported on as part of this inspection. The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that leaks will not occur in the future. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. Occupants should monitor the condition of roofing materials in the future. For older roofs, recommend that a professional inspect the roof surface, flashings, appurtenances, etc. annually and maintain/repair as might be required. If needed, the roofer should enter attic space(s). Regarding the roof drainage system, unless the inspection was conducted during and after prolonged periods of heavy rain, the inspector was unable to determine if gutters, downspouts and extensions perform adequately or are leak-free.
Roof inspection method: Viewed from eaves on ladder
Condition of roof surface material: Appeared serviceable, Unable to fully evaluate, snow covered at the time of inspection.
Roof surface material: Asphalt or fiberglass composition shingles
Roof type: Hipped
Apparent number of layers of roof surface material: One
Condition of exposed flashings: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of gutters, downspouts and extensions: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)

23) Fungal rot or significant water damage was found at one or more roof areas at fascia boards and/or soffits. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair as necessary. For example, by replacing all rotten wood, priming and painting new wood and installing flashing.
Photo
Photo 23-1
Photo
Photo 23-2

24) Extensions such as splash blocks or drain pipes for one or more downspouts were substandard. Water can accumulate around the building foundation or inside crawl spaces or basements as a result. Recommend that a qualified person install, replace or repair extensions as necessary so rainwater drains away from the structure.

Recommend that the downspout extensions terminate no less than six feet from the foundation.

25) Moss was growing on the roof. As a result, shingles can lift or be damaged. Leaks can result and/or the roof surface can fail prematurely. Efforts should be made to kill the moss during its growing season (wet months). Typically, zinc or phosphate-based chemicals are used for this and must be applied periodically. For information on various moss treatment products and their pros and cons, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?MOSS

Moss was observed on the visible portion of the garage roof. This is believed to be a result of the tree that overhangs the roof.

Attic and Roof Structure
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; areas and components obscured by insulation. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of the attic ventilation system. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high/low temperatures, high/low humidity, high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector is not a licensed engineer and does not determine the adequacy of roof structure components such as trusses, rafters or ceiling beams, or their spacing or sizing.
Attic inspection method: Traversed
Condition of roof structure: Appeared serviceable
Roof structure type: Rafters
Ceiling structure: Ceiling joists
Condition of insulation in attic (ceiling, skylight chase, etc.): Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Ceiling insulation material: None visible
Vapor retarder: None visible
Condition of roof ventilation: Appeared serviceable
Roof ventilation type: Ridge vent(s), Enclosed soffit vents, Soffit vents

26) No handrail was installed at the attic stairs. Recommend installing handrail to prevent risk of falling.

27) One or more exhaust ducts (e.g. bathroom fan, clothes dryer) in the attic were not insulated. This can result in moisture forming inside the duct or "sweating" on the outside of the duct depending on the surrounding air temperature and the exhaust air temperature. Recommend that a qualified person install insulation on exhaust ducts per standard building practices (typically R-4 rating), or replace uninsulated ducts with insulated ducts.

28) Past signs of moisture intrusion, dry at the time of inspection. These past stains were suspected to be there prior to new roof installation.

29)   Evidence of blown in insulation in the attic subfloor. Unable to determine the R-value.
Photo
Photo 29-1
 

Garage or Carport
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The inspector does not determine the adequacy of firewall ratings. Requirements for ventilation in garages vary between municipalities.
Type: Detached
Condition of garage vehicle door(s): Appeared serviceable
Type of garage vehicle door: Sectional
Number of vehicle doors: 1
Condition of automatic opener(s): Appeared serviceable
Mechanical auto-reverse operable (reverses when meeting reasonable resistance during closing): Yes
Condition of garage floor: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of garage interior: Appeared serviceable
Garage ventilation: Exists

30) The garage man door was cracked, and had a substandard threshold/frame which allowed the door to swing beyond normal stopping point. Recommend replacing the door and door frame to prevent unwanted access to the garage.
Photo
Photo 30-1
Photo
Photo 30-2

31) Significant cracks, deterioration, heaving and/or settlement were found in one or more sections of concrete slab floors. Uneven surfaces can pose a trip hazard. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair or replace concrete slab floors where necessary.
Photo
Photo 31-1
Photo
Photo 31-2

32) The weatherstripping at the bottom if the garage door was loose. Recommend repair/replacing as needed.
Photo
Photo 32-1
 

Electric
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: generator systems, transfer switches, surge suppressors, inaccessible or concealed wiring; underground utilities and systems; low-voltage lighting or lighting on timers or sensors. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of grounding or bonding, if this system has an adequate capacity for the client's specific or anticipated needs, or if this system has any reserve capacity for additions or expansion. The inspector does not operate circuit breakers as part of the inspection, and does not install or change light bulbs. The inspector does not evaluate every wall switch or receptacle, but instead tests a representative number of them per various standards of practice. When furnishings, stored items or child-protective caps are present some receptacles are usually inaccessible and are not tested; these are excluded from this inspection. Receptacles that are not of standard 110 volt configuration, including 240-volt dryer receptacles, are not tested and are excluded. The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms is not determined as part of this inspection. Upon taking occupancy, proper operating and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms should be verified and batteries should be changed. These devices have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. The inspector attempts to locate and evaluate all main and sub-panels. However, panels are often concealed. If panels are found after the inspection, a qualified electrician should evaluate and repair if necessary. The inspector attempts to determine the overall electrical service size, but such estimates are not guaranteed because the overall capacity may be diminished by lesser-rated components in the system. Any repairs recommended should be made by a licensed electrician.
Electric service condition: Appeared serviceable
Primary service type: Overhead
Number of service conductors: 3
Service voltage (volts): 120-240
Estimated service amperage: 200
Primary service overload protection type: Circuit breakers, Fuses
Service entrance conductor material: Stranded aluminum
Main disconnect rating (amps): 200
System ground: Ground rod(s) in soil
Condition of main service panel: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of sub-panel(s): Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Location of main service panel #A: Basement
Location of sub-panel #C: Basement
Condition of branch circuit wiring: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Branch circuit wiring type: Non-metallic sheathed
Solid strand aluminum branch circuit wiring present: None visible
Ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection present: Yes
Arc fault circuit interrupter (AFCI) protection present: No
Smoke alarms installed: Yes, but not tested
Carbon monoxide alarms installed: Yes, but not tested

33) Panel(s) #A were manufactured by the Federal Pacific Electric company and used "Stab-Lok" circuit breakers. There is significant evidence that both double and single pole versions of these circuit breakers fail by not tripping when they are supposed to. However, in 2011 the Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) closed an investigation into this product because they did not have enough data to establish that the circuit breakers pose a serious risk of injury to consumers. Regardless, and due to other evidence of safety issues, recommend that a qualified electrician carefully evaluate all Federal Pacific panels and make repairs as necessary. Consider replacing Federal Pacific panels with modern panels that offer more flexibility for new, safer protective technologies like ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCls) and arc fault circuit interrupters (AFCls). For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?FP1
http://www.reporthost.com/?FP2
http://www.reporthost.com/?FP3
Photo
Photo 33-1
Photo
Photo 33-2

34) One or more ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) devices protecting receptacles at the bathroom(s) wouldn't trip when tested. This is a potential shock hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician evaluate and repair as necessary.

35) One or more electric receptacles at the garage and/or basement had no visible ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection, or the inspector was unable to determine if GFCI protection was present. If not GFCI-protected, receptacles in wet areas pose a shock hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician evaluate and install GFCI protection if necessary and per standard building practices. General guidelines for GFCI-protected receptacles include the following locations:
  • Outdoors (since 1973)
  • Bathrooms (since 1975)
  • Garages (since 1978)
  • Kitchens (since 1987)
  • Crawl spaces and unfinished basements (since 1990)
  • Wet bar sinks (since 1993)
  • Laundry and utility sinks (since 2005)
For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?GFCI

36) Handle ties were missing at one or more 2-pole or ganged 1-pole circuit breakers at panel(s) #A. Approved, "identified" handle ties should be installed to prevent one side from being turned off while the other is turned on. Nails, screws or wires or other nonconforming material are not permitted for use as handle ties. This is a potential shock hazard, especially for someone working on the system. Recommend that a qualified electrician repair per standard building practices.

37) Non-metallic sheathed wiring was installed at one or more locations, and was subject to damage such as on easily accessible wall or ceiling surfaces. The insulation can be damaged by objects coming in contact with it, resulting in exposed, energized wires. Also, copper conductors can break after being repeatedly moved or bent. This is a potential shock or fire hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician repair per standard building practices. For example, by installing protective conduit or re-routing wires through walls or ceilings.

38) Non-metallic sheathed wiring was loose, unsupported, or inadequately supported at one or more locations. Such wiring should be trimmed to length if necessary and attached to runners or to solid backing with fasteners at intervals of 4 1/2 feet or less. Fasteners should be installed within 12 inches of all enclosures. Recommend that a qualified electrician repair per standard building practices.

39) Bare wire ends, or wires with a substandard termination, were found at one or more locations. This is a potential shock hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician repair as necessary. For example, by cutting wires to length and terminating with wire nuts in a permanently mounted, covered junction box.
Photo
Photo 39-1
 

40) One or more slots where circuit breakers are normally installed were open in panel(s) #A. Energized equipment was exposed and is a shock hazard. Recommend that a qualified person install closure covers where missing.
Photo
Photo 40-1
 

41) One or more knockouts were missing from panel(s) #A. Holes in panels are a potential fire hazard if a malfunction ever occurs inside the panel. Rodents can also enter panels through holes. Recommend that a qualified person install knockout covers where missing and per standard building practices.
Photo
Photo 41-1
 

42) One or more cover plates for switches, receptacles or junction boxes were missing or broken. These plates are intended to contain fire and prevent electric shock from occurring due to exposed wires. Recommend that a qualified person install cover plates where necessary.
Photo
Photo 42-1
Photo
Photo 42-2
Photo
Photo 42-3
 

43) Carbon monoxide alarms were missing from one or more sleeping areas and/or on one or more levels. This is a potential safety hazard. Some states and/or municipalities require CO alarms to be installed in the vicinity of each sleeping area, on each level and in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. Recommend installing additional carbon monoxide alarms per these standards. For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?COALRM

44) Branch circuit wiring installed in buildings built prior to the mid 1980s is typically rated for a maximum temperature of only 60 degrees Celsius. This includes non-metallic sheathed (Romex) wiring, and both BX and AC metal-clad flexible wiring. Knob and tube wiring, typically installed in homes built prior to 1950, may be rated for even lower maximum temperatures. Newer electric fixtures including lighting and fans typically require wiring rated for 90 degrees Celsius. Connecting newer fixtures to older, 60-degree-rated wiring is a potential fire hazard. Repairs for such conditions may involve replacing the last few feet of wiring to newer fixtures with new 90-degree-rated wire, and installing a junction box to join the old and new wiring.

It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if such incompatible components are installed, or to determine the extent to which they're installed. Based on the age of this building, the client should be aware of this safety hazard, both for existing fixtures and when planning to upgrade with newer fixtures. Consult with a qualified electrician for repairs as necessary.

45) 2-slot receptacles rather than 3-slot, grounded receptacles were installed in one or more areas. These do not have an equipment ground and are considered unsafe by today's standards. Appliances that require a ground should not be used with 2-slot receptacles. Examples of such appliances include computers and related hardware, refrigerators, freezers, portable air conditioners, clothes washers, aquarium pumps, and electrically operated gardening tools. The client should be aware of this limitation when planning use for various rooms, such as an office. Upgrading to grounded receptacles typically requires installing new wiring from the main service panel or sub-panel to the receptacle(s), in addition to replacing the receptacle(s). Consult with a qualified electrician about upgrading to 3-wire, grounded circuits.

46) Service entrance splices were at the bottom of the drip loop. This can be conducive to water intrusion.
Photo
Photo 46-1
 

Plumbing / Fuel Systems
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: private/shared wells and related equipment; private sewage disposal systems; hot tubs or spas; main, side and lateral sewer lines; gray water systems; pressure boosting systems; trap primers; incinerating or composting toilets; fire suppression systems; water softeners, conditioners or filtering systems; plumbing components concealed within the foundation or building structure, or in inaccessible areas such as below tubs; underground utilities and systems; overflow drains for tubs and sinks; backflow prevention devices. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not test for lead in the water supply, the water pipes or solder, does not determine if plumbing and fuel lines are adequately sized, and does not determine the existence or condition of underground or above-ground fuel tanks.
Condition of service and main line: Appeared serviceable
Water service: Public
Location of main water shut-off: Basement
Condition of supply lines: Appeared serviceable
Supply pipe material: Copper, PEX plastic
Condition of drain pipes: Appeared serviceable
Drain pipe material: Plastic, Copper
Condition of waste lines: Appeared serviceable
Waste pipe material: Cast iron
Vent pipe condition: Appeared serviceable
Vent pipe material: Plastic, Galvanized steel, Cast iron
Sump pump installed: None visible
Sewage ejector pump installed: None visible
Condition of fuel system: Appeared serviceable
Location of main fuel shut-off valve: At gas meter

47) Several sections of CSST (flexible yellow gas supply piping) were not bonded. Recommend that a qualified contractor bonds pipe.
Photo
Photo 47-1
 

48) One or more propane or natural gas supply terminations were unused (no appliance connected) and no cap was installed on the gas shut-off valve(s). Gas can flow directly out of the termination with the shut-off valve is opened. This is a potential fire hazard. Recommend that a qualified person install caps where missing per standard building practices.

49) Stains were found in one or more sections of waste lines, but no active leaks were found near the stains. This may indicate that past leaks have occurred. Consult with the property owner about this, and either monitor these areas in the future for leaks or have a qualified plumber evaluate and repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 49-1
Photo
Photo 49-2

50) Pin holes and/or corrosion were visible on one or more copper water supply pipes. This can occur with acidic water, and from flux applied at fittings for soldering when the pipes were installed or repaired. Leaks can occur from pinholes and corrosion usually indicates past leaks. Recommend consulting with the local municipality and/or a qualified plumber about the local water supply's pH level, and researching solutions for this if necessary. Also recommend that a qualified plumber evaluate and replace water supply components if necessary.

51) Significant corrosion was found in some drain pipes or fittings. This can indicate past leaks, or that leaks are likely to occur in the future. Recommend that a qualified plumber evaluate and repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 51-1
 

52) The inspector heard gurgling sounds when plumbing fixtures (e.g. faucets, tubs, showers) were operated. Venting may be substandard or missing. Adequate venting is required to allow waste materials and water to drain freely, and to allow sewer gases to escape from the system. Recommend that a qualified plumber evaluate and repair if necessary.

53) One or more drain line traps were substandard (e.g. "S", "U" or drum traps). Traps can siphon or run dry and cause sewer gases to enter living spaces. Recommend that a qualified plumber repair per standard building practices. For example, by replacing with modern "P" traps. For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?TRAPS
Photo
Photo 53-1
Photo
Photo 53-2
Photo
Photo 53-3
Photo
Photo 53-4

54) One or more copper water supply pipes had substandard support or were loose. Leaks can occur as a result. Copper supply pipes should have approved hangers every 6-8 feet. If hangers are in contact with the copper pipe, they should be made of a material that doesn't cause the pipes or hangers to corrode due to contact of dissimilar metals. Recommend that a qualified person install hangers or secure pipes per standard building practices.

Water Heater
Return to table of contents

Limitations: Evaluation of and determining the adequacy or completeness of the following items are not included in this inspection: water recirculation pumps; solar water heating systems; Energy Smart or energy saver controls; catch pan drains. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on water heaters, does not determine if water heaters are appropriately sized, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit or a shut-off valve to be operated.
Condition of water heater: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Type: Tankless
Energy source: Natural gas
Estimated age: 9
Temperature-pressure relief valve installed: Yes
Location of water heater: Basement
Hot water temperature tested: Yes
Water temperature (degrees Fahrenheit): 124°
Condition of burners: Appeared serviceable
Condition of venting system: Appeared serviceable

55) No drain line was installed for the temperature-pressure relief valve. This is a potential safety hazard due to the risk of scalding if someone is standing next to the water heater when the valve opens. Recommend that a qualified plumber install a drain line per standard building practices.
Photo
Photo 55-1
 

56) The hot water temperature was greater than 120 degrees Fahrenheit. This is a safety hazard due to the risk of scalding. The thermostat should be adjusted so the water temperature doesn't exceed 120 degrees. If the water heater is powered by electricity, a qualified person should perform the adjustment, since covers that expose energized equipment normally need to be removed. For more information on scalding dangers, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?SCALD
Photo
Photo 56-1
 

57) The combustion air intake pipe for the hot water heater was substandard. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 57-1
 

Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC)
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).
General heating system type(s): Radiant
General heating distribution type(s): Pipes and radiators
Last service date of primary heat source: 02/02/2018
Source for last service date of primary heat source: Label
Condition of hydronic or steam heat system: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below), 13 years old
Type of hydronic or steam heat: Hydronic (hot water), Circulating pump
Hydronic or steam heat fuel type: Natural gas
Condition of burners: Appeared serviceable
Type of combustion air supply: Intake duct
Condition of venting system: Appeared serviceable
Condition of controls: Appeared serviceable

58) Recommend thorough cleaning of all baseboard radiators. The radiators were filled with debris, this reduces energy efficiency and poses a potential fire hazard.
Photo
Photo 58-1
 

59) The boiler temperature and pressure guage was inoperable. Recommend that a qualified HVAC technician evaluate and make necessary repairs.
Photo
Photo 59-1
 

60) The boiler's temperature-pressure relief valve had signs of past leaking (dry at the time of inspection). This can be due to excessive pressure in the system, or a defective valve. Recommend that a qualified heating contractor or plumber evaluate and repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 60-1
 

61) One or more ceiling fans wobbled excessively during operation. This is a potential safety hazard and may be caused by loose fasteners, blades, rod-fan body junction, the fan itself being loose, or bent, misaligned or unbalanced blades. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary. For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?FANBAL
Photo
Photo 61-1
 

62) Recommend installing a condensation pump for the boiler.
Photo
Photo 62-1
 

Fireplaces, Stoves, Chimneys and Flues
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: coal stoves, gas logs, chimney flues (except where visible). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of drafting or sizing in fireplace and stove flues, and also does not determine if prefabricated or zero-clearance fireplaces are installed in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. The inspector does not perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, and does not light fires. The inspector provides a basic visual examination of a chimney and any associated wood burning device. The National Fire Protection Association has stated that an in-depth Level 2 chimney inspection should be part of every sale or transfer of property with a wood-burning device. Such an inspection may reveal defects that are not apparent to the home inspector who is a generalist.
Condition of wood-burning fireplaces, stoves: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Wood-burning fireplace type: Masonry with metal liner
Condition of chimneys and flues: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Wood-burning chimney type: Masonry, with metal liner
Gas-fired flue type: Direct vent

63) A significant amount of creosote or burning by-products (ash, soot, etc.) was visible in one or more chimneys. This is a potential fire hazard and a sign that chimney system maintenance has been deferred. The client should be aware that the type and quality of wood burned, and the moisture content of the wood, will affect the rate at which burning by-products accumulate in the chimney. When wood-burning devices are used regularly, they should be cleaned annually at a minimum. A qualified contractor should evaluate, clean, and repair if necessary.

64) Terracotta flue tiles in one or more masonry chimney(s) were cracked or broken. This is a potential fire hazard because such cracks become wider when the chimney heats up and can allow exhaust gases to enter the building structure. Recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate, replace broken tiles and make other repairs as necessary.

65) One or more refractory panels (the 1-inch thick fireproof panels lining the fireplace) had minor cracks or deterioration. This is common, and is typically not a concern until cracks exceed 1/4 inch in width, or surface pitting becomes extensive and deeper than 3/16 inch, or if any piece of the refractory larger than 2 inches in radius and 3/16 inch deep becomes dislodged. Monitor refractory panels in the future for further deterioration. When necessary, a qualified contractor should repair or replace refractory panels.
Photo
Photo 65-1
 

66) One or more wood-burning fireplaces or stoves were found at the property. When such devices are used, they should be professionally inspected and cleaned annually to prevent creosote build-up and to determine if repairs are needed. The National Fire Protection Association states that a "Level 2" chimney inspection should be performed with every sale or transfer of property with a wood-burning device. Recommend consulting with the property owner about recent and past servicing and repairs to all wood-burning devices and chimneys or flues at this property. Recommend that a qualified specialist evaluate all wood-burning devices and chimneys, and clean and repair as necessary. Note that if a wood stove insert is installed, it may need to be removed for such an evaluation. For more information, search for "chimney inspection" at:
http://www.reporthost.com/?CSIA

67) The brick chimney was moderately deteriorated. For example, loose or missing mortar, cracked, broken, loose or spalled bricks. Loose bricks can pose a safety hazard, and deteriorated masonry can allow water to infiltrate the chimney structure and cause further damage. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 67-1
 

68) One or more masonry chimney crowns were cracked. Crowns are meant to keep water off of the chimney structure and prevent damage from freeze-thaw cycles. Chimney crowns are commonly constructed by mounding concrete or mortar on the top chimney surface, however this is substandard. A properly constructed chimney crown should:
  • Be constructed using either precast concrete slabs, cast-in-place steel reinforced concrete, solid stone, or metal
  • Be sloped down from the flue a minimum of 3 inches of fall per foot of run
  • Extend a minimum of 2 1/2 inches beyond the face of the chimney on all sides
  • Not directly contact the flue liner (if installed), with the gap filled with flexible caulk
  • Have flashing installed between the bottom of the crown and the top of the brick chimney
Recommend that a qualified contractor repair or replace crowns as necessary, and per standard building practices.
Photo
Photo 68-1
Photo
Photo 68-2
Photo
Photo 68-3
Photo
Photo 68-4

Kitchen
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: household appliances such as stoves, ovens, cook tops, ranges, warming ovens, griddles, broilers, dishwashers, trash compactors, refrigerators, freezers, ice makers, hot water dispensers and water filters; appliance timers, clocks, cook functions, self and/or continuous cleaning operations, thermostat or temperature control accuracy, and lights. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of the remaining life of appliances, and does not determine the adequacy of operation of appliances. The inspector does not note appliance manufacturers, models or serial numbers and does not determine if appliances are subject to recalls. Areas and components behind and obscured by appliances are inaccessible and excluded from this inspection.
Condition of counters: Appeared serviceable
Condition of cabinets: Appeared serviceable, Minor scratches on cabinets.
Condition of sinks and related plumbing: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of under-sink food disposal: Appeared serviceable
Condition of dishwasher: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below), Dishwasher was not tested due to being full with dinnerware.
Condition of range, cooktop or oven: Appeared serviceable
Range, cooktop or oven type: Natural gas
Type of ventilation: Hood or built into microwave over range or cooktop

69) Water was leaking at the sink faucet base or handles. Recommend that a qualified plumber repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 69-1
 

70) One or more filters for the cooktop exhaust fan were missing. Recommend replacing filters as necessary.
Photo
Photo 70-1
 

71) The sink in the gallery drained slowly. Recommend clearing drain and/or having a qualified plumber repair if necessary.
Photo
Photo 71-1
 

Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: overflow drains for tubs and sinks; heated towel racks, saunas, steam generators, clothes washers, clothes dryers. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of washing machine drain lines, washing machine catch pan drain lines, or clothes dryer exhaust ducts. The inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves for sinks, toilets, bidets, clothes washers, etc. due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not determine if shower pans or tub and shower enclosures are water tight, or determine the completeness or operability of any gas piping to laundry appliances.
Location #A: Half bath, first floor
Location #B: Master bath
Location #C: Full bath, second floor
Condition of counters: Appeared serviceable
Condition of cabinets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of flooring: Appeared serviceable
Condition of sinks and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable
Condition of toilets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of bathtubs and related plumbing: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of shower(s) and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable
Condition of ventilation systems: Appeared serviceable
Bathroom and laundry ventilation type: Windows, Spot exhaust fans
Gas supply for laundry equipment present: Yes
240 volt receptacle for laundry equipment present: Yes

72) Gaps, no caulk, or substandard caulking were found between the bathtub and the walls at location(s) #C. Water may penetrate these areas and cause damage. Recommend that a qualified person re-caulk or install caulking as necessary.
Photo
Photo 72-1
 

73) The bathtub at location(s) #B was worn, blemished or deteriorated.
Photo
Photo 73-1
 

Interior, Doors and Windows
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: security, intercom and sound systems; communications wiring; central vacuum systems; elevators and stair lifts; cosmetic deficiencies such as nail-pops, scuff marks, dents, dings, blemishes or issues due to normal wear and tear in wall, floor and ceiling surfaces and coverings, or in equipment; deficiencies relating to interior decorating; low voltage and gas lighting systems. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not evaluate any areas or items which require moving stored items, furnishings, debris, equipment, floor coverings, insulation or similar materials. The inspector does not test for asbestos, lead, radon, mold, hazardous waste, urea formaldehyde urethane, or any other toxic substance. Some items such as window, drawer, cabinet door or closet door operability are tested on a sampled basis. The client should be aware that paint may obscure wall and ceiling defects, floor coverings may obscure floor defects, and furnishings may obscure wall, floor and floor covering defects. If furnishings were present during the inspection, recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings that were previously obscured when possible. Determining the cause and/or source of odors is not within the scope of this inspection.
Condition of exterior entry doors: Appeared serviceable
Exterior door material: Wood, Fiberglass or vinyl
Condition of interior doors: Appeared serviceable
Condition of windows and skylights: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Type(s) of windows: Vinyl, Wood, Sliding, Double-hung
Condition of walls and ceilings: Appeared serviceable
Wall type or covering: Drywall or plaster
Ceiling type or covering: Drywall or plaster
Condition of flooring: Appeared serviceable
Flooring type or covering: Carpet, Wood or wood products, Tile
Condition of stairs, handrails and guardrails: Appeared serviceable

74) Deadbolts on one or more exterior doors were difficult to operate. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 74-1
 

75) One or more windows that were designed to open and close were difficult to open and close. Recommend that a qualified person repair windows as necessary so they open and close easily.

The counter balance on many windows was broken. Recommend replacing as necessary.

76) Glass in one or more windows was cracked, broken and/or missing. Recommend that a qualified contractor replace glass where necessary.
Photo
Photo 76-1
 

77) One or more interior doors were sticking in the door jamb and were difficult to operate. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary. For example, by trimming doors.
Photo
Photo 77-1
 

78) Wood flooring in one or more areas was significantly worn, deteriorated or damaged. Recommend that a qualified contractor refinish wood flooring as necessary.
Photo
Photo 78-1
 

79) Minor cracks, nail pops and/or blemishes were found in walls and/or ceilings in one or more areas. Cracks and nail pops are common, are often caused by lumber shrinkage or minor settlement, and can be more or less noticeable depending on changes in humidity. They did not appear to be a structural concern, but the client may wish to repair these for aesthetic reasons. For recurring cracks, consider using an elastic crack covering product:
http://www.reporthost.com/?ECC

80) Carpeting in one or more areas was significantly stained or soiled. Recommend having carpeting professionally cleaned as necessary.

81) Stains were found in one or more ceiling areas. However, no elevated levels of moisture were found. The stain(s) may be due to past roof and/or plumbing leaks.Consult with the property owner and monitor the stained area(s) in the future, especially after heavy or prolonged rain. If elevated moisture is found in the future, then recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate and repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 81-1
Photo
Photo 81-2

Wood Destroying Organism Findings
Return to table of contents

Limitations: This report only includes findings from accessible and visible areas on the day of the inspection. In addition to the inaccessible areas documented in this report, examples of other inaccessible areas include: sub areas less than 18 inches in height; attic areas less than 5 feet in height, areas blocked by ducts, pipes or insulation; areas where locks or permanently attached covers prevent access; areas where insulation would be damaged if traversed; areas obscured by vegetation. All inaccessible areas are subject to infestation or damage from wood-destroying organisms. The inspector does not move furnishings, stored items, debris, floor or wall coverings, insulation, or other materials as part of the inspection, nor perform destructive testing. Wood-destroying organisms may infest, re-infest or become active at any time. No warranty is provided as part of this inspection.

The best form of a compliment in a business referral.