View as PDF

View summary

Sycamore Inspection Services, LLC


220 W Pacemont Rd 
Columbus OH 43202-1014
Inspector: Joel Grimes

 

Property Inspection Report

Client(s):  Joel Grimes Sample 2
Property address:  999 Sample Report Rd
Inspection date:  Sunday, March 11, 2018

This report published on Thursday, March 15, 2018 3:49:03 PM EDT

This report is the exclusive property of this inspection company and the client(s) listed in the report title. Use of this report by any unauthorized persons is prohibited.
How to Read this Report
This report is organized by the property's functional areas.  Within each functional area, descriptive information is listed first and is shown in bold type.  Items of concern follow descriptive information. Concerns are shown and sorted according to these types:
Concern typeSafetyPoses a safety hazard
Concern typeMajor DefectCorrection likely involves a significant expense
Concern typeRepair/ReplaceRecommend repairing or replacing
Concern typeMaintainRecommend ongoing maintenance
Concern typeEvaluateRecommend evaluation by a specialist
Concern typeCommentFor your information

Click here for a glossary of building construction terms.Contact your inspector If there are terms that you do not understand, or visit the glossary of construction terms at https://www.reporthost.com/glossary.asp

Table of Contents
General Information
Grounds
Exterior and Foundation
Roof
Attic and Roof Structure
Fireplaces, Stoves, Chimneys and Flues
Basement 1355
Interior, Doors and Windows 1355
Kitchen 1355
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks 1355
Plumbing / Fuel Systems 1355
Water Heater 1355
Electric 1355
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC) 1355
Basement 1357
Interior, Doors and Windows 1357
Kitchen 1357
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks 1357
Plumbing / Fuel Systems 1357
Water Heater 1357
Electric 1357
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC) 1357

View summary


General Information
Return to table of contents

Report number: 0311201801
Time started: 2:00
Time finished: 4:30
Client present for discussion at end of inspection: Yes
Weather conditions during inspection: Dry (no rain), Sunny
Temperature during inspection: Cold
Type of building: Duplex, Apartment
Number of residential units inspected: 2
Age of main building: 1959
Source for main building age: Municipal records or property listing
Front of building faces: South
Main entrance faces: South
Occupied: Yes

1) Structures built prior to the mid 1980s may contain lead and/or asbestos. Lead is commonly found in paint and in some plumbing components. The EPA does not recognize newer coats of paint as encapsulating older coats of lead-based paint. Asbestos is commonly found in various building materials such as insulation, siding, and/or floor and ceiling tiles. Laws were passed in 1978 to prohibit usage of lead and asbestos, but stocks of materials containing these substances remained in use for a number of years thereafter. Both lead and asbestos are known health hazards. Evaluating for the presence of lead and/or asbestos is beyond the scope of this inspection. Any mention of these materials in this report is made as a courtesy only, and meant to refer the client to a specialist. Consult with specialists as necessary, such as industrial hygienists, professional labs and/or abatement specialists for this type of evaluation. For information on lead, asbestos and other hazardous materials in homes, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?EPA
http://www.reporthost.com/?CPSC
http://www.reporthost.com/?CDC

Grounds
Return to table of contents

Limitations: Unless specifically included in the inspection, the following items and any related equipment, controls, electric systems and/or plumbing systems are excluded from this inspection: detached buildings or structures; fences and gates; retaining walls; underground drainage systems, catch basins or concealed sump pumps; swimming pools and related safety equipment, spas, hot tubs or saunas; whether deck, balcony and/or stair membranes are watertight; trees, landscaping, properties of soil, soil stability, erosion and erosion control; ponds, water features, irrigation or yard sprinkler systems; sport courts, playground, recreation or leisure equipment; areas below the exterior structures with less than 3 feet of vertical clearance; invisible fencing; sea walls, docks and boathouses; retractable awnings. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only.
Site profile: Minor slope
Condition of driveway: None
Sidewalk material: Poured in place concrete
Exterior stair material: Concrete

Exterior and Foundation
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The inspector performs a visual inspection of accessible components or systems at the exterior. Items excluded from this inspection include below-grade foundation walls and footings; foundations, exterior surfaces or components obscured by vegetation, stored items or debris; wall structures obscured by coverings such as siding or trim. Some items such as siding, trim, soffits, vents and windows are often high off the ground, and may be viewed using binoculars from the ground or from a ladder. This may limit a full evaluation. Regarding foundations, some amount of cracking is normal in concrete slabs and foundation walls due to shrinkage and drying. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of seismic reinforcement.
Wall inspection method: Viewed from ground
Apparent wall structure: Wood frame
Wall covering: Solid brick (not veneer)
Apparent foundation type: Finished basement
Foundation/stem wall material: Concrete block
Footing material (under foundation stem wall): Poured in place concrete

2) Caulk was deteriorated in some areas. For example, around windows. Recommend that a qualified person renew or install caulk as necessary. Where gaps are wider than 1/4 inch, an appropriate material other than caulk should be used. For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?CAULK
Photo
Photo 2-1
1357 Front Window
Photo
Photo 2-2
1355 Front Window
Photo
Photo 2-3
1357 Side Window
Photo
Photo 2-4
1357 Side Window

Roof
Return to table of contents

Limitations: Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on the roof surface material, nor guarantee that leaks have not occurred in the roof surface, skylights or roof penetrations in the past. Regarding roof leaks, only active leaks, visible evidence of possible sources of leaks, and evidence of past leaks observed during the inspection are reported on as part of this inspection. The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that leaks will not occur in the future. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. Occupants should monitor the condition of roofing materials in the future. For older roofs, recommend that a professional inspect the roof surface, flashings, appurtenances, etc. annually and maintain/repair as might be required. If needed, the roofer should enter attic space(s). Regarding the roof drainage system, unless the inspection was conducted during and after prolonged periods of heavy rain, the inspector was unable to determine if gutters, downspouts and extensions perform adequately or are leak-free.
Roof inspection method: Traversed
Roof surface material: Asphalt or fiberglass composition shingles
Roof type: Hipped
Apparent number of layers of roof surface material: One

3) The roof surface appeared to be near the end of its service life and will likely need replacing in the near future even if repairs are made now. Recommend discussing replacement options with a qualified contractor, and budgeting for a replacement roof surface in the near future. The client may also wish to consider having a qualified contractor attempt to issue a "5 year roof certificate."

4) Many composition shingles were cracked and/or broken. Leaks can occur as a result. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair as necessary. For example, by replacing shingles.
Photo
Photo 4-1
Photo
Photo 4-2
Photo
Photo 4-3
Photo
Photo 4-4
Photo
Photo 4-5
Multiple Chips, cracks, and broken shingles
Photo
Photo 4-6
Previously Repaired area
Photo
Photo 4-7
Multiple chips, cracks, and broken shingles
 

Attic and Roof Structure
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; areas and components obscured by insulation. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of the attic ventilation system. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high/low temperatures, high/low humidity, high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector is not a licensed engineer and does not determine the adequacy of roof structure components such as trusses, rafters or ceiling beams, or their spacing or sizing.
Attic inspection method: Not inspected because access was blocked

5) Blocked attic access
Photo
Photo 5-1
 

Fireplaces, Stoves, Chimneys and Flues
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: coal stoves, gas logs, chimney flues (except where visible). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of drafting or sizing in fireplace and stove flues, and also does not determine if prefabricated or zero-clearance fireplaces are installed in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. The inspector does not perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, and does not light fires. The inspector provides a basic visual examination of a chimney and any associated wood burning device. The National Fire Protection Association has stated that an in-depth Level 2 chimney inspection should be part of every sale or transfer of property with a wood-burning device. Such an inspection may reveal defects that are not apparent to the home inspector who is a generalist.
Gas-fired flue type: B-vent

Basement 1355
Return to table of contents

Limitations: Structural components such as joists and beams, and other components such as piping, wiring and/or ducting that are obscured by under-floor insulation are also excluded from this inspection. Note that the inspector does not determine if support posts, columns, beams, joists, studs, trusses, etc. are of adequate size, spanning or spacing.

The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that water will not accumulate in the basement in the future. Access to the basement during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. heavy rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of basement floor or stairwell drains, or determine if such drains are clear or clogged.

Note that all basement areas should be checked periodically for water intrusion, plumbing leaks and pest activity.
Floor structure above: Solid wood joists
Condition of insulation underneath floor above: Not applicable, none installed

6) Some areas of the basement were not available to be viewed due to finishes and blocking items. Recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings that were previously obscured when possible. Recommend resident to monitor foundation walls for cracking and water leakage.
Photo
Photo 6-1
Photo
Photo 6-2
Photo
Photo 6-3
 

Interior, Doors and Windows 1355
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: security, intercom and sound systems; communications wiring; central vacuum systems; elevators and stair lifts; cosmetic deficiencies such as nail-pops, scuff marks, dents, dings, blemishes or issues due to normal wear and tear in wall, floor and ceiling surfaces and coverings, or in equipment; deficiencies relating to interior decorating; low voltage and gas lighting systems. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not evaluate any areas or items which require moving stored items, furnishings, debris, equipment, floor coverings, insulation or similar materials. The inspector does not test for asbestos, lead, radon, mold, hazardous waste, urea formaldehyde urethane, or any other toxic substance. Some items such as window, drawer, cabinet door or closet door operability are tested on a sampled basis. The client should be aware that paint may obscure wall and ceiling defects, floor coverings may obscure floor defects, and furnishings may obscure wall, floor and floor covering defects. If furnishings were present during the inspection, recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings that were previously obscured when possible. Carpeting and flooring, when installed over concrete slabs, may conceal moisture. If dampness wicks through a slab and is hidden by floor coverings that moisture can result in unhygienic conditions, odors or problems that will only be discovered when/if the flooring is removed. Determining the cause and/or source of odors is not within the scope of this inspection.
Exterior door material: Wood
Type(s) of windows: Vinyl, Multi-pane, Single-hung
Wall type or covering: Drywall
Ceiling type or covering: Drywall
Flooring type or covering: Wood or wood products, Laminate

7) One or more ceilings were damaged. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 7-1
Photo
Photo 7-2
Bubbling/cracking paint on walls
Photo
Photo 7-3
Bubbling/cracking paint on walls
 

8) Carpeting in one or more areas was damaged or deteriorated. Recommend that a qualified contractor replace as necessary.
Photo
Photo 8-1
 

9) The back bedroom of 1355 and its components were not inspected due to lack of access and piled items. Recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings, windows, and electrical outlets that were previously obscured when possible.
Photo
Photo 9-1
 

Kitchen 1355
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: household appliances such as stoves, ovens, cook tops, ranges, warming ovens, griddles, broilers, dishwashers, trash compactors, refrigerators, freezers, ice makers, hot water dispensers and water filters; appliance timers, clocks, cook functions, self and/or continuous cleaning operations, thermostat or temperature control accuracy, and lights. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of the remaining life of appliances, and does not determine the adequacy of operation of appliances. The inspector does not note appliance manufacturers, models or serial numbers and does not determine if appliances are subject to recalls. Areas and components behind and obscured by appliances are inaccessible and excluded from this inspection.
Condition of under-sink food disposal: N/A (none installed)
Condition of dishwasher: N/A (none installed)
Range, cooktop, oven type: Electric
Type of ventilation: None visible

Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks 1355
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: overflow drains for tubs and sinks; heated towel racks, saunas, steam generators, clothes washers, clothes dryers. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of washing machine drain lines, washing machine catch pan drain lines, or clothes dryer exhaust ducts. The inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves for sinks, toilets, bidets, clothes washers, etc. due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not determine if shower pans or tub and shower enclosures are water tight, or determine the completeness or operability of any gas piping to laundry appliances.
Location #A: Full bath, first floor
Location #B: basement
Condition of toilets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of shower(s) and related plumbing: Did not operate shower, bathtub full of tenants items
Gas supply for laundry equipment present: No
240 volt receptacle for laundry equipment present: Yes

10) The water supply flow for the shower at location(s) #B in the basement was low or inoperable. Recommend that a qualified plumber evaluate and repair as necessary.

11) The exhaust fan at location(s) #A was inoperable. Moisture may accumulate and result in mold, bacteria or fungal growth. Recommend that a qualified person clean, repair or replace fans as necessary. Fan Switch would trip the GFCI outlet when turned off/on. Recommend qualified electrician to repair as needed.
Photo
Photo 11-1
Fan switch would trip the GFCI outlet when turned off/on.
 

12) Toilet seat was cracked and taped together. Recommend a qualified person repair or replace the toilet seat.
Photo
Photo 12-1
 

13) Did not operate shower because of items in the tub. Recommend a full evaluation of plumbing components that were previously obscured when possible.
Photo
Photo 13-1
 

Plumbing / Fuel Systems 1355
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: private/shared wells and related equipment; private sewage disposal systems; hot tubs or spas; main, side and lateral sewer lines; gray water systems; pressure boosting systems; trap primers; incinerating or composting toilets; fire suppression systems; water softeners, conditioners or filtering systems; plumbing components concealed within the foundation or building structure, or in inaccessible areas such as below tubs; underground utilities and systems; overflow drains for tubs and sinks; backflow prevention devices. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not test for lead in the water supply, the water pipes or solder, does not determine if plumbing and fuel lines are adequately sized, and does not determine the existence or condition of underground or above-ground fuel tanks.
Water service: Public
Location of main water shut-off: Basement
Supply pipe material: Copper
Drain pipe material: Plastic, Galvanized steel
Waste pipe material: Galvanized steel

14) One or more leaks were found in waste pipes or fittings. A qualified plumber should evaluate and repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 14-1
Leak in waste line
 

Water Heater 1355
Return to table of contents

Limitations: Evaluation of and determining the adequacy or completeness of the following items are not included in this inspection: water recirculation pumps; solar water heating systems; Energy Smart or energy saver controls; catch pan drains. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on water heaters, does not determine if water heaters are appropriately sized, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit or a shut-off valve to be operated.
Type: Tank
Energy source: Natural gas
Estimated age: 2011
Capacity (in gallons): 40
Temperature-pressure relief valve installed: Yes

Electric 1355
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: generator systems, transfer switches, surge suppressors, inaccessible or concealed wiring; underground utilities and systems; low-voltage lighting or lighting on timers or sensors. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of grounding or bonding, if this system has an adequate capacity for the client's specific or anticipated needs, or if this system has any reserve capacity for additions or expansion. The inspector does not operate circuit breakers as part of the inspection, and does not install or change light bulbs. The inspector does not evaluate every wall switch or receptacle, but instead tests a representative number of them per various standards of practice. When furnishings, stored items or child-protective caps are present some receptacles are usually inaccessible and are not tested; these are excluded from this inspection. Receptacles that are not of standard 110 volt configuration, including 240-volt dryer receptacles, are not tested and are excluded. The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms is not determined as part of this inspection. Upon taking occupancy, proper operating and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms should be verified and batteries should be changed. These devices have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. The inspector attempts to locate and evaluate all main and sub-panels. However, panels are often concealed. If panels are found after the inspection, a qualified electrician should evaluate and repair if necessary. The inspector attempts to determine the overall electrical service size, but such estimates are not guaranteed because the overall capacity may be diminished by lesser-rated components in the system. Any repairs recommended should be made by a licensed electrician.
Primary service type: Overhead
Number of service conductors: 2
Service voltage (volts): 120-240
Primary service overload protection type: Circuit breakers
Location of main service panel #A: Basement
Branch circuit wiring type: armor clad (AC), metal clad (MC) or flexible metal conduit (FMC)
Smoke alarms installed: Yes, but not tested

15) One or more electric receptacles at the kitchen had no visible ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection, or the inspector was unable to determine if GFCI protection was present. If not GFCI-protected, receptacles in wet areas pose a shock hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician evaluate and install GFCI protection if necessary and per standard building practices. General guidelines for GFCI-protected receptacles include the following locations:
  • Outdoors (since 1973)
  • Bathrooms (since 1975)
  • Garages (since 1978)
  • Kitchens (since 1987)
  • Crawl spaces and unfinished basements (since 1990)
  • Wet bar sinks (since 1993)
  • Laundry and utility sinks (since 2005)
For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?GFCI

16) Panel(s) #A were Pushmatic brand panels. These panels are found in older electrical systems. Their circuit breakers are known to become very stiff and difficult to operate or reset over time. Breakers may remain on after attempts to trip or turn them off have been made. They also have an indicator flag that falsely indicates the on/off/tripped state. The breakers rely on thermal tripping only, whereas modern breakers have both thermal and magnetic trip mechanisms. These conditions pose shock and fire hazards. Replacement circuit breakers and spare parts are usually difficult to find, and are expensive. Recommend that a qualified electrician replace Pushmatic brand panels with modern panels that offer more flexibility for new, safer protective technologies like ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCls) and arc fault circuit interrupters (AFCls).

17) Branch circuit wiring installed in buildings built prior to the mid 1980s is typically rated for a maximum temperature of only 60 degrees Celsius. This includes non-metallic sheathed (Romex) wiring, and both BX and AC metal-clad flexible wiring. Knob and tube wiring, typically installed in homes built prior to 1950, may be rated for even lower maximum temperatures. Newer electric fixtures including lighting and fans typically require wiring rated for 90 degrees Celsius. Connecting newer fixtures to older, 60-degree-rated wiring is a potential fire hazard. Repairs for such conditions may involve replacing the last few feet of wiring to newer fixtures with new 90-degree-rated wire, and installing a junction box to join the old and new wiring.

It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if such incompatible components are installed, or to determine the extent to which they're installed. Based on the age of this building, the client should be aware of this safety hazard, both for existing fixtures and when planning to upgrade with newer fixtures. Consult with a qualified electrician for repairs as necessary.

18) 2-slot receptacles rather than 3-slot, grounded receptacles were installed in one or more areas. These do not have an equipment ground and are considered unsafe by today's standards. Appliances that require a ground should not be used with 2-slot receptacles. Examples of such appliances include computers and related hardware, refrigerators, freezers, portable air conditioners, clothes washers, aquarium pumps, and electrically operated gardening tools. The client should be aware of this limitation when planning use for various rooms, such as an office. Upgrading to grounded receptacles typically requires installing new wiring from the main service panel or sub-panel to the receptacle(s), in addition to replacing the receptacle(s). Consult with a qualified electrician about upgrading to 3-wire, grounded circuits.

19) The inspector was unable to open and evaluate panel because they are Pushmatic panels. Per ASHI standards inspectors should not open Pushmatic panels. The condition of these panel is unknown and they are excluded from this inspection. Repairs may be needed. Recommend that a qualified person correct conditions, or that a qualified contractor make repairs if necessary so panels can be opened, and that a qualified person fully evaluate panel(s).

Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC) 1355
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).
General heating system type(s): Forced air, Furnace
General heating distribution type(s): Ducts and registers
Last service date of primary heat source: 2005
Source for last service date of primary heat source: Label
Forced air heating system fuel type: Natural gas
Estimated age of forced air furnace: 1993
Location of forced air furnace: Basement
Cooling system and/or heat pump fuel type: Electric
Location of heat pump or air conditioning unit: north
Type: Split system

20) The estimated useful life for most forced air furnaces is 15-20 years. This furnace appeared to be beyond this age and/or its useful lifespan and may need replacing or significant repairs at any time. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future.

21) The estimated useful life for most heat pumps and air conditioning condensing units is 10-15 years. This unit appeared to be at this age and/or its useful lifespan and may need replacing or significant repairs at any time. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future.
Photo
Photo 21-1
 

22) The outdoor air temperature was below 65 degrees Fahrenheit during the inspection. Air conditioning systems can be damaged if operated during such low temperatures. Because of this, the inspector was unable to operate and fully evaluate the cooling system.

Basement 1357
Return to table of contents

Limitations: Structural components such as joists and beams, and other components such as piping, wiring and/or ducting that are obscured by under-floor insulation are also excluded from this inspection. Note that the inspector does not determine if support posts, columns, beams, joists, studs, trusses, etc. are of adequate size, spanning or spacing.

The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that water will not accumulate in the basement in the future. Access to the basement during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. heavy rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of basement floor or stairwell drains, or determine if such drains are clear or clogged.

Note that all basement areas should be checked periodically for water intrusion, plumbing leaks and pest activity.
Floor structure above: Solid wood joists

Interior, Doors and Windows 1357
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: security, intercom and sound systems; communications wiring; central vacuum systems; elevators and stair lifts; cosmetic deficiencies such as nail-pops, scuff marks, dents, dings, blemishes or issues due to normal wear and tear in wall, floor and ceiling surfaces and coverings, or in equipment; deficiencies relating to interior decorating; low voltage and gas lighting systems. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not evaluate any areas or items which require moving stored items, furnishings, debris, equipment, floor coverings, insulation or similar materials. The inspector does not test for asbestos, lead, radon, mold, hazardous waste, urea formaldehyde urethane, or any other toxic substance. Some items such as window, drawer, cabinet door or closet door operability are tested on a sampled basis. The client should be aware that paint may obscure wall and ceiling defects, floor coverings may obscure floor defects, and furnishings may obscure wall, floor and floor covering defects. If furnishings were present during the inspection, recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings that were previously obscured when possible. Carpeting and flooring, when installed over concrete slabs, may conceal moisture. If dampness wicks through a slab and is hidden by floor coverings that moisture can result in unhygienic conditions, odors or problems that will only be discovered when/if the flooring is removed. Determining the cause and/or source of odors is not within the scope of this inspection.
Exterior door material: Wood
Type(s) of windows: Vinyl, Multi-pane, Single-hung
Wall type or covering: Drywall
Ceiling type or covering: Drywall

23) One or more walls and/or ceilings were damaged. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 23-1
Damaged ceiling in kitchen area
Photo
Photo 23-2
Hole in wall in rear bedroom

Kitchen 1357
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: household appliances such as stoves, ovens, cook tops, ranges, warming ovens, griddles, broilers, dishwashers, trash compactors, refrigerators, freezers, ice makers, hot water dispensers and water filters; appliance timers, clocks, cook functions, self and/or continuous cleaning operations, thermostat or temperature control accuracy, and lights. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of the remaining life of appliances, and does not determine the adequacy of operation of appliances. The inspector does not note appliance manufacturers, models or serial numbers and does not determine if appliances are subject to recalls. Areas and components behind and obscured by appliances are inaccessible and excluded from this inspection.
Condition of under-sink food disposal: N/A (none installed)
Condition of dishwasher: N/A (none installed)
Range, cooktop, oven type: Electric
Type of ventilation: None visible

Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks 1357
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: overflow drains for tubs and sinks; heated towel racks, saunas, steam generators, clothes washers, clothes dryers. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of washing machine drain lines, washing machine catch pan drain lines, or clothes dryer exhaust ducts. The inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves for sinks, toilets, bidets, clothes washers, etc. due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not determine if shower pans or tub and shower enclosures are water tight, or determine the completeness or operability of any gas piping to laundry appliances.
Location #A: Full bath
Location #B: basement
Gas supply for laundry equipment present: No
240 volt receptacle for laundry equipment present: Yes

24) The water supply flow for the shower at location(s) #B in basement was low or inoperable. Recommend that a qualified plumber evaluate and repair as necessary.

25) Vinyl flooring in bathroom at location(s) #A was curling. Water can damage the the sub-floor as a result. Recommend that a qualified contractor replace or repair flooring as necessary.
Photo
Photo 25-1
 

Plumbing / Fuel Systems 1357
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: private/shared wells and related equipment; private sewage disposal systems; hot tubs or spas; main, side and lateral sewer lines; gray water systems; pressure boosting systems; trap primers; incinerating or composting toilets; fire suppression systems; water softeners, conditioners or filtering systems; plumbing components concealed within the foundation or building structure, or in inaccessible areas such as below tubs; underground utilities and systems; overflow drains for tubs and sinks; backflow prevention devices. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not test for lead in the water supply, the water pipes or solder, does not determine if plumbing and fuel lines are adequately sized, and does not determine the existence or condition of underground or above-ground fuel tanks.
Water service: Public
Location of main water shut-off: Basement
Supply pipe material: Copper
Drain pipe material: Galvanized steel
Sump pump installed: No
Location of main fuel shut-off valve: At gas meter

26) Based on gas detector readings, gas appeared to be leaking at supply piping. This is an explosion and fire hazard. A qualified contractor and/or the gas utility company should evaluate and repair immediately.
Photo
Photo 26-1
 

27) Significant corrosion was found in some water supply pipes or fittings. Leaks can occur as a result. Recommend that a qualified plumber evaluate and replace components as necessary.
Photo
Photo 27-1
 

28) Significant corrosion was found in some drain pipes or fittings. This can indicate past leaks, or that leaks are likely to occur in the future. Recommend that a qualified plumber evaluate and repair as necessary.
Photo
Photo 28-1
 

Water Heater 1357
Return to table of contents

Limitations: Evaluation of and determining the adequacy or completeness of the following items are not included in this inspection: water recirculation pumps; solar water heating systems; Energy Smart or energy saver controls; catch pan drains. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on water heaters, does not determine if water heaters are appropriately sized, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit or a shut-off valve to be operated.
Type: Tank
Energy source: Natural gas
Estimated age: 1986
Capacity (in gallons): 40
Temperature-pressure relief valve installed: Yes
Location of water heater: Basement

29) The estimated useful life for most water heaters is 8-12 years. This water heater appeared to be beyond this age and/or its useful lifespan and may need replacing at any time. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future, or considering replacement now before any leaks occur. The client should be aware that significant flooding can occur if the water heater fails. If not replaced now, consider having a qualified person install a catch pan and drain or a water alarm to help prevent damage if water does leak.
Photo
Photo 29-1
 

Electric 1357
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: generator systems, transfer switches, surge suppressors, inaccessible or concealed wiring; underground utilities and systems; low-voltage lighting or lighting on timers or sensors. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of grounding or bonding, if this system has an adequate capacity for the client's specific or anticipated needs, or if this system has any reserve capacity for additions or expansion. The inspector does not operate circuit breakers as part of the inspection, and does not install or change light bulbs. The inspector does not evaluate every wall switch or receptacle, but instead tests a representative number of them per various standards of practice. When furnishings, stored items or child-protective caps are present some receptacles are usually inaccessible and are not tested; these are excluded from this inspection. Receptacles that are not of standard 110 volt configuration, including 240-volt dryer receptacles, are not tested and are excluded. The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms is not determined as part of this inspection. Upon taking occupancy, proper operating and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms should be verified and batteries should be changed. These devices have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. The inspector attempts to locate and evaluate all main and sub-panels. However, panels are often concealed. If panels are found after the inspection, a qualified electrician should evaluate and repair if necessary. The inspector attempts to determine the overall electrical service size, but such estimates are not guaranteed because the overall capacity may be diminished by lesser-rated components in the system. Any repairs recommended should be made by a licensed electrician.
Primary service type: Overhead
Number of service conductors: 2
Service voltage (volts): 120-240
Primary service overload protection type: Circuit breakers
Main disconnect rating (amps): Not applicable, no single main disconnect
Location of main service panel #A: Basement
Branch circuit wiring type: copper clad aluminum
Ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection present: Yes
Arc fault circuit interrupter (AFCI) protection present: No

30) One or more electric receptacles at the kitchen had no visible ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection, or the inspector was unable to determine if GFCI protection was present. If not GFCI-protected, receptacles in wet areas pose a shock hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician evaluate and install GFCI protection if necessary and per standard building practices. General guidelines for GFCI-protected receptacles include the following locations:
  • Outdoors (since 1973)
  • Bathrooms (since 1975)
  • Garages (since 1978)
  • Kitchens (since 1987)
  • Crawl spaces and unfinished basements (since 1990)
  • Wet bar sinks (since 1993)
  • Laundry and utility sinks (since 2005)
For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?GFCI

31) Panel(s) #A were located in a bathroom. This is not an approved location for electric panels. Recommend that a qualified electrician move the panel(s) or make repairs per standard building practices.
Photo
Photo 31-1
 

32) Panel(s) #A were Pushmatic brand panels. These panels are found in older electrical systems. Their circuit breakers are known to become very stiff and difficult to operate or reset over time. Breakers may remain on after attempts to trip or turn them off have been made. They also have an indicator flag that falsely indicates the on/off/tripped state. The breakers rely on thermal tripping only, whereas modern breakers have both thermal and magnetic trip mechanisms. These conditions pose shock and fire hazards. Replacement circuit breakers and spare parts are usually difficult to find, and are expensive. Recommend that a qualified electrician replace Pushmatic brand panels with modern panels that offer more flexibility for new, safer protective technologies like ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCls) and arc fault circuit interrupters (AFCls).
Photo
Photo 32-1
 

33) Bare wire ends, or wires with a substandard termination, were found at one or more locations. This is a potential shock hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician repair as necessary. For example, by cutting wires to length and terminating with wire nuts in a permanently mounted, covered junction box.
Photo
Photo 33-1
Open electrical line under kitchen sink.
 

34) Smoke alarms were missing from one or more hallways leading to bedrooms. Smoke alarms should be installed as necessary so a functioning alarm exists in each hallway leading to bedrooms, in each bedroom and on each level. For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?SMKALRM

35) Branch circuit wiring installed in buildings built prior to the mid 1980s is typically rated for a maximum temperature of only 60 degrees Celsius. This includes non-metallic sheathed (Romex) wiring, and both BX and AC metal-clad flexible wiring. Knob and tube wiring, typically installed in homes built prior to 1950, may be rated for even lower maximum temperatures. Newer electric fixtures including lighting and fans typically require wiring rated for 90 degrees Celsius. Connecting newer fixtures to older, 60-degree-rated wiring is a potential fire hazard. Repairs for such conditions may involve replacing the last few feet of wiring to newer fixtures with new 90-degree-rated wire, and installing a junction box to join the old and new wiring.

It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if such incompatible components are installed, or to determine the extent to which they're installed. Based on the age of this building, the client should be aware of this safety hazard, both for existing fixtures and when planning to upgrade with newer fixtures. Consult with a qualified electrician for repairs as necessary.

36) 2-slot receptacles rather than 3-slot, grounded receptacles were installed in one or more areas. These do not have an equipment ground and are considered unsafe by today's standards. Appliances that require a ground should not be used with 2-slot receptacles. Examples of such appliances include computers and related hardware, refrigerators, freezers, portable air conditioners, clothes washers, aquarium pumps, and electrically operated gardening tools. The client should be aware of this limitation when planning use for various rooms, such as an office. Upgrading to grounded receptacles typically requires installing new wiring from the main service panel or sub-panel to the receptacle(s), in addition to replacing the receptacle(s). Consult with a qualified electrician about upgrading to 3-wire, grounded circuits.
Photo
Photo 36-1
 

37) The inspector was unable to open and evaluate panel because Pushmatic panels should not be opened. Per ASHI standards inspectors should not open Pushmatic panels. The condition of these panel(s) is unknown and they are excluded from this inspection. Repairs may be needed. Recommend that a qualified person correct conditions, or that a qualified contractor make repairs if necessary so panels can be opened, and that a qualified person fully evaluate panel(s).

38) Switches in kitchen do not operate anything. Repairs may be needed. Recommend that a qualified person correct conditions, or that a qualified contractor make repairs if necessary so panels can be opened, and that a qualified person fully evaluate panel(s).
Photo
Photo 38-1
Photo
Photo 38-2

Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC) 1357
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).
General heating system type(s): Forced air, Furnace
General heating distribution type(s): Ducts and registers
Last service date of primary heat source: 2005
Source for last service date of primary heat source: Label
Forced air heating system fuel type: Natural gas
Estimated age of forced air furnace: 1993
Location of forced air furnace: Basement
Cooling system and/or heat pump fuel type: Electric
Location of heat pump or air conditioning unit: north
Type: Split system

39) The estimated useful life for most forced air furnaces is 15-20 years. This furnace appeared to be at this age and/or its useful lifespan and may need replacing or significant repairs at any time. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future.

40) The outdoor air temperature was below 65 degrees Fahrenheit during the inspection. Air conditioning systems can be damaged if operated during such low temperatures. Because of this, the inspector was unable to operate and fully evaluate the cooling system.

If you have any questions or concerns about this report, please contact me as soon as possible. Good luck with the purchase of your new property.