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Neighborhood Home Inspections, LLC
13414 188th Ave E
Bonney Lake WA 98391-9618
Inspector: John Dupras
Property Inspection Report
||Sunday, November 20, 2016
This report published on Sunday, November 20, 2016 8:56:36 PM PST
Report number: 161019
Time started: 10 am
Time finished: 12:15 pm
Present during inspection: Client, Realtor
Client present for discussion at end of inspection: Yes
Inspector: John Dupras
Weather conditions during inspection: Rain
Temperature during inspection: Cool
Ground condition: Wet
Recent weather: Rain
Overnight temperature: Cool
Buildings inspected: One house
Age of main building: 56 years
Source for main building age: Municipal records or property listing
Front of building faces: Southwest
Main entrance faces: Southwest
Occupied: No, Furniture or stored items were present
Additions and modifications: Addition to structure. Recommend roofer evaluate roof construvtion. Old roof with shingles covered by new roof.
Source for additions and modifications: visualized
Structures built prior to the mid 1980s may contain lead and/or asbestos. Lead is commonly found in paint and in some plumbing components. The EPA does not recognize newer coats of paint as encapsulating older coats of lead-based paint. Asbestos is commonly found in various building materials such as insulation, siding, and/or floor and ceiling tiles. Laws were passed in 1978 to prohibit usage of lead and asbestos, but stocks of materials containing these substances remained in use for a number of years thereafter. Both lead and asbestos are known health hazards. Evaluating for the presence of lead and/or asbestos is beyond the scope of this inspection. Any mention of these materials in this report is made as a courtesy only, and meant to refer the client to a specialist. Consult with specialists as necessary, such as industrial hygienists, professional labs and/or abatement specialists for this type of evaluation. For information on lead, asbestos and other hazardous materials in homes, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?EPAhttp://www.reporthost.com/?CPSChttp://www.reporthost.com/?CDC
Some areas and items at this property were obscured by furniture and/or stored items. This often includes but is not limited to walls, floors, windows, inside and under cabinets, under sinks, on counter tops, in closets, behind window coverings, under rugs or carpets, and under or behind furniture. Areas around the exterior, under the structure, in the garage and in the attic may also be obscured by stored items. The inspector in general does not move personal belongings, furnishings, carpets or appliances. When furnishings, stored items or debris are present, all areas or items that are obscured, concealed or not readily accessible are excluded from the inspection. The client should be aware that when furnishings, stored items or debris are eventually moved, damage or problems that were not noted during the inspection may be found.
Condition of fences and gates: Appeared serviceable
Fence and gate material: Wood
Site profile: Level
Condition of driveway: Appeared serviceable
Driveway material: Poured in place concrete
Condition of sidewalks and/or patios: Appeared serviceable
Sidewalk material: Poured in place concrete
Deck, patio, porch cover material and type: Open
Condition of decks, porches and/or balconies: Appeared serviceable
Deck, porch and/or balcony material: Wood, Concrete
Condition of stairs, handrails and guardrails: Appeared serviceable
Exterior stair material: Concrete
No outbuildings or detached structures were evaluated. They are excluded from this inspection.
Minor deterioration (e.g. cracks, holes, settlement, heaving) was found in the driveway, but no trip hazards were found. The client may wish to have repairs made for cosmetic reasons.
Exterior and Foundation
Wall inspection method: Viewed from ground
Condition of wall exterior covering: Appeared serviceable
Apparent wall structure: Wood frame
Wall covering: Wood, Stone or faux stone veneer
Condition of foundation and footings: Appeared serviceable
Apparent foundation type: Crawl space, Concrete garage slab
Foundation/stem wall material: Poured in place concrete
Footing material (under foundation stem wall): Poured in place concrete
Anchor bolts or hold downs for seismic reinforcement: None visible
Limitations: The inspector performs a visual inspection of accessible components or systems at the exterior. Items excluded from this inspection include below-grade foundation walls and footings; foundations, exterior surfaces or components obscured by vegetation, stored items or debris; wall structures obscured by coverings such as siding or trim. Some items such as siding, trim, soffits, vents and windows are often high off the ground, and may be viewed using binoculars from the ground or from a ladder. This may limit a full evaluation. Regarding foundations, some amount of cracking is normal in concrete slabs and foundation walls due to shrinkage and drying. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of seismic reinforcement.
The masonry (brick or stone) veneer was deteriorated or damaged in some areas. Where cracks or openings are exposed, water may enter the wall structure causing mold, fungal growth and structural damage. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair as necessary. For example, by repointing mortar or replacing broken or missing masonry.
Fence(s) were attached to or in contact with the building exterior. Such attachments can serve as a pathway for wood-destroying insects and can retain moisture against the exterior after it rains. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary so there is at least a 2-inch gap between fences and building exteriors.
One or more minor cracks (1/8 inch or less) were found in the foundation. These didn't appear to be a structural concern, but recommend sealing them to prevent water infiltration and monitor them in the future. Numerous products exist to seal such cracks including hydraulic cement, non-shrinking grout, resilient caulks and epoxy sealants.
Soil was in contact with or less than 6 inches from siding, trim or structural wood. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend grading or removing soil as necessary to maintain a 6-inch clearance. If not possible, then recommend replacing untreated wood with pressure-treated wood. Installation of borate-based products such as Impel rods can also reduce the likelihood of rot or infestation if soil cannot be removed. Note that damage from fungal rot and/or insects may be found when soil is removed, and repairs may be necessary.
Vegetation such as trees, shrubs and/or vines was in contact with or close to the building exterior. Vegetation can serve as a pathway for wood-destroying insects and can retain moisture against the exterior after it rains. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend pruning, moving or removing vegetation as necessary to maintain at least 6 inches of space between it and the building exterior. A 1-foot clearance is better.
Soil was in contact with or less than 4 inches from brick, stone or faux stone veneer. For most residential installations of this type of veneer, this is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Weep holes may be covered. Condensed water behind the veneer may not be able to escape, and moisture can accumulate in the wood structure behind. Recommend grading and/or removing soil as necessary to maintain a 4-inch clearance.
Trees were in contact with or were close to the building at one or more locations. Damage to the building may occur, especially during high winds, or may have already occurred (see other comments in this report). Recommend that a qualified tree service contractor or certified arborist remove trees as necessary to prevent damage to the building exterior.
The paint or stain finish in some areas was failing (e.g. peeling, faded, worn, thinning). Siding and trim with a failing finish can be damaged by moisture. Recommend that a qualified contractor prep (e.g. clean, scrape, sand, prime, caulk) and repaint or restain the building exterior where necessary and per standard building practices. Any repairs needed to the siding or trim should be made prior to this.
Some exterior wall sections were obscured by vegetation and couldn't be fully evaluated. They are excluded from this inspection.
Some above-grade foundation walls were obscured by vegetation. The inspector was unable to evaluate these areas. They are excluded from this inspection.
The inspector was unable to verify that anchor bolts or hold downs were installed, connecting the structure to the foundation. Such devices can be obscured by finished wall surfaces, sill plates, insulation, or other components. Foundation ties in the form of anchor bolts became common in the 1970s, and hold downs have become common in more recent years. The client may wish to have a qualified contractor evaluate further and install such seismic reinforcement if missing. Note that determining the number, spacing and/or adequacy of foundation ties is beyond the scope of this inspection.
Age of roof surface(s): 20 years+
Roof inspection method: Traversed
Condition of roof surface material: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Roof surface material: Asphalt or fiberglass composition shingles
Roof type: Gable
Apparent number of layers of roof surface material: One
Condition of exposed flashings: Appeared serviceable
Condition of gutters, downspouts and extensions: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Gutter and downspout material: Metal
Gutter and downspout installation: Full
The roof surface appeared to be near the end of its service life and will likely need replacing in the near future even if repairs are made now. Recommend discussing replacement options with a qualified contractor, and budgeting for a replacement roof surface in the near future. The client may also wish to consider having a qualified contractor attempt to issue a "5 year roof certificate."
Moss was growing on the roof. As a result, shingles can lift or be damaged. Leaks can result and/or the roof surface can fail prematurely. Efforts should be made to kill the moss during its growing season (wet months). Typically, zinc or phosphate-based chemicals are used for this and must be applied periodically. For information on various moss treatment products and their pros and cons, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?MOSS
Permanently installed kitchen appliances present during inspection: Range, Dishwasher, Refrigerator, Under-sink food disposal, Microwave oven
Condition of counters: Appeared serviceable
Condition of cabinets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of sinks and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable
Condition of under-sink food disposal: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of dishwasher: Appeared serviceable
Condition of range, cooktop or oven: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Range, cooktop or oven type: Electric
Type of ventilation: Wall or ceiling mounted fan
Condition of refrigerator: Appeared serviceable
Condition of built-in microwave oven: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
The under-sink food disposal was inoperable and/or jammed. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair or replace as necessary.
The cooktop exhaust fan was inoperable. Recommend that a qualified person repair or replace as necessary.
The oven light was inoperable. Recommend replacing bulb or that repairs are made, if necessary, by a qualified person.
The estimated useful life for most kitchen appliances is 10-15 years. One or more appliances (range and/or microwave) appeared to be near, at or beyond their service life. Even if operable, recommend budgeting for replacements in the near future.
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
Location #A: Full bath, first floor, south
Location #B: 3/4 bath, Master bath, first floor, central
Condition of counters: Appeared serviceable
Condition of cabinets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of flooring: Appeared serviceable
Condition of sinks and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of toilets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of bathtubs and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable
Condition of shower(s) and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of ventilation systems: Appeared serviceable
Bathroom and laundry ventilation type: Spot exhaust fans
Gas supply for laundry equipment present: No
240 volt receptacle for laundry equipment present: Yes
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: overflow drains for tubs and sinks; heated towel racks, saunas, steam generators, clothes washers, clothes dryers. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of washing machine drain lines, washing machine catch pan drain lines, or clothes dryer exhaust ducts. The inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves for sinks, toilets, bidets, clothes washers, etc. due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not determine if shower pans or tub and shower enclosures are water tight, or determine the completeness or operability of any gas piping to laundry appliances.
The laundry room didn't have an exhaust fan installed. Moisture can accumulate and result in mold, bacteria or fungal growth. Recommend that a qualified contractor install an exhaust fan per standard building practices.
A clothes washer was installed over a finished space or in an area where leaking can cause damage, and no catch pan or drain was installed. Catch pans and drains prevent water damage to finished interior spaces below if or when the washing machine leaks, overflows or is drained. If concerned, consult with a qualified contractor about installing a catch pan. Note that installing a drain line for a catch pan routed to the outdoors may not be feasible. As an alternative, a water alarm can be installed in the catch pan. For more information visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?WTRALRM
The exhaust fan at location(s) #B was noisy or vibrated excessively. Moisture may accumulate and result in mold, bacteria or fungal growth. Recommend that a qualified person clean, repair or replace fans as necessary.
The sink drain stopper mechanism at location(s) #A and B was missing and/or inoperable. Recommend that a qualified person repair or replace as necessary.
Rubber water supply hoses were installed at the clothes washer. These hoses are prone to bursting when deteriorated, which can result in flooding and significant water damage. Recommend upgrading to braided, stainless steel hoses.
Caulk was missing around the base of the bathtub spout, or there was a gap behind it, at location(s) #A. Water may enter the wall structure behind the bathtub. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary to eliminate the gap. For example, by installing or replacing caulk if the gap is small enough. For larger gaps, a shorter spout nipple or an escutcheon plate can be installed.
The hot and cold water supplies were reversed at the shower at location(s) #A. Normally, cold water is controlled by the right faucet handle and hot by the left. For mixing faucets, cold is supplied with the handle to the right and hot when the handle is to the left, or as indicated by the faucet's markings. At a minimum this is an inconvenience, but it can also result in accidental scalding. Recommend that a qualified plumber repair as necessary.
Interior, Doors and Windows
Condition of exterior entry doors: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Exterior door material: Wood
Condition of interior doors: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of windows and skylights: Appeared serviceable
Type(s) of windows: Metal, Single-pane, Sliding, Casement, Fixed
Condition of walls and ceilings: Appeared serviceable
Wall type or covering: Drywall or plaster, Paneling
Ceiling type or covering: Drywall or plaster
Condition of flooring: Appeared serviceable
Flooring type or covering: Carpet, Vinyl, linoleum or marmoleum, Wood or wood products, Stone
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: security, intercom and sound systems; communications wiring; central vacuum systems; elevators and stair lifts; cosmetic deficiencies such as nail-pops, scuff marks, dents, dings, blemishes or issues due to normal wear and tear in wall, floor and ceiling surfaces and coverings, or in equipment; deficiencies relating to interior decorating; low voltage and gas lighting systems. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not evaluate any areas or items which require moving stored items, furnishings, debris, equipment, floor coverings, insulation or similar materials. The inspector does not test for asbestos, lead, radon, mold, hazardous waste, urea formaldehyde urethane, or any other toxic substance. Some items such as window, drawer, cabinet door or closet door operability are tested on a sampled basis. The client should be aware that paint may obscure wall and ceiling defects, floor coverings may obscure floor defects, and furnishings may obscure wall, floor and floor covering defects. If furnishings were present during the inspection, recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings that were previously obscured when possible. Determining the cause and/or source of odors is not within the scope of this inspection.
Glass in one or more exterior doors was broken. Recommend that a qualified contractor replace glass where necessary.
One or more interior doors were damaged. Recommend that a qualified person replace or repair doors as necessary.
Some interior door hardware (locksets) were loose. Recommend that a qualified person repair or replace as necessary.
One or more walls were damaged. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
Fixtures such as towel hangers were missing in one or more areas. Recommend that a qualified person install missing fixtures per standard building practices.
One or more exterior doors had minor damage and/or deterioration. Although serviceable, the client may wish to repair or replace such doors for appearances' sake.
Screens were missing from many windows. These windows may not provide ventilation during months when insects are active.
Garage or Carport
Condition of door between garage and house: Appeared serviceable
Type of door between garage and house: Solid core, Wood
Condition of garage vehicle door(s): Appeared serviceable
Type of garage vehicle door: Roll
Number of vehicle doors: 1
Condition of automatic opener(s): Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Mechanical auto-reverse operable (reverses when meeting reasonable resistance during closing): Yes
Condition of garage floor: Appeared serviceable
Condition of garage interior: Appeared serviceable
Garage ventilation: Exists, Adequate
Electric service condition: Appeared serviceable
Primary service type: Overhead
Number of service conductors: 3
Service voltage (volts): 120-240
Estimated service amperage: 125
Primary service overload protection type: Circuit breakers
Main disconnect rating (amps): 125
System ground: Ground rod(s) in soil
Condition of main service panel: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Location of main service panel #A: Garage
Location of main disconnect: Breaker at top of main service panel
Condition of branch circuit wiring: Serviceable
Branch circuit wiring type: Non-metallic sheathed, Copper
Solid strand aluminum branch circuit wiring present: None visible
Ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection present: No
Arc fault circuit interrupter (AFCI) protection present: No
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: generator systems, transfer switches, surge suppressors, inaccessible or concealed wiring; underground utilities and systems; low-voltage lighting or lighting on timers or sensors. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of grounding or bonding, if this system has an adequate capacity for the client's specific or anticipated needs, or if this system has any reserve capacity for additions or expansion. The inspector does not operate circuit breakers as part of the inspection, and does not install or change light bulbs. The inspector does not evaluate every wall switch or receptacle, but instead tests a representative number of them per various standards of practice. When furnishings, stored items or child-protective caps are present some receptacles are usually inaccessible and are not tested; these are excluded from this inspection. Receptacles that are not of standard 110 volt configuration, including 240-volt dryer receptacles, are not tested and are excluded. The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms is not determined as part of this inspection. Upon taking occupancy, proper operating and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms should be verified and batteries should be changed. These devices have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. The inspector attempts to locate and evaluate all main and sub-panels. However, panels are often concealed. If panels are found after the inspection, a qualified electrician should evaluate and repair if necessary. The inspector attempts to determine the overall electrical service size, but such estimates are not guaranteed because the overall capacity may be diminished by lesser-rated components in the system. Any repairs recommended should be made by a licensed electrician.
One or more modern, 3-slot electric receptacles were found with an open ground. Three-slot receptacles should have a hot, a neutral and a ground wire connected. Homeowners often install new 3-slot receptacles on older, 2-wire circuits that only have hot and neutral wires. This is a shock hazard when appliances that require a ground are used with these receptacles. Examples of such appliances include computers and related hardware, refrigerators, freezers, portable air conditioners, clothes washers, aquarium pumps, and electrically operated gardening tools. Where the electric system was installed prior to when grounded circuits were required (1960s), it is permissible to replace 3-slot receptacles with 2-slot receptacles to prevent appliances that require a ground from being plugged in to an ungrounded circuit. However, the client should be aware of this limitation when planning use for various rooms, such as an office. For newer electric systems, circuits should be repaired so grounded, 3-wire cables provide power to 3-slot receptacles. Recommend that a qualified electrician repair per standard building practices.
A 3-slot receptacle was installed for the clothes dryer. Most modern clothes dryers use both 120 and 240 volts (120 for timers and motors, and 240 for heating elements) and either require or are more safely installed with a 4-slot receptacle. With 3-conductor wiring, the ground wire rather than a neutral wire is used to carry the return current back for the 120 volt leg. The clothes dryer's metal frame can become energized if the neutral wire becomes loose at the receptacle or panel. While 3-wire clothes dryer circuits were allowed prior to 1996 and are commonly found, they are considered unsafe due to the risk of shock. Recommend that a qualified electrician convert this to a 4-wire circuit. Note that this may require installing a new circuit wire from the panel to the clothes dryer location.
Branch circuit wiring installed in buildings built prior to the mid 1980s is typically rated for a maximum temperature of only 60 degrees Celsius. This includes non-metallic sheathed (Romex) wiring, and both BX and AC metal-clad flexible wiring. Knob and tube wiring, typically installed in homes built prior to 1950, may be rated for even lower maximum temperatures. Newer electric fixtures including lighting and fans typically require wiring rated for 90 degrees Celsius. Connecting newer fixtures to older, 60-degree-rated wiring is a potential fire hazard. Repairs for such conditions may involve replacing the last few feet of wiring to newer fixtures with new 90-degree-rated wire, and installing a junction box to join the old and new wiring.
It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if such incompatible components are installed, or to determine the extent to which they're installed. Based on the age of this building, the client should be aware of this safety hazard, both for existing fixtures and when planning to upgrade with newer fixtures. Consult with a qualified electrician for repairs as necessary.
2-slot receptacles rather than 3-slot, grounded receptacles were installed in one or more areas. These do not have an equipment ground and are considered unsafe by today's standards. Appliances that require a ground should not be used with 2-slot receptacles. Examples of such appliances include computers and related hardware, refrigerators, freezers, portable air conditioners, clothes washers, aquarium pumps, and electrically operated gardening tools. The client should be aware of this limitation when planning use for various rooms, such as an office. Upgrading to grounded receptacles typically requires installing new wiring from the main service panel or sub-panel to the receptacle(s), in addition to replacing the receptacle(s). Consult with a qualified electrician about upgrading to 3-wire, grounded circuits.
The front door's doorbell button was damaged. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.
The electric service to this property appeared to be rated at substantially less than 200 amps and may be inadequate. Depending on the client's needs, recommend consulting with a qualified electrician about upgrading to a 200 amp service. Note that the electric service's rating is based on the lowest rating for the meter base, the service conductors, the main service panel and the main disconnect switch. One or more of these components may need replacing to upgrade.
One or more light fixtures were inoperable (didn't turn on when nearby switches were operated). Recommend further evaluation by replacing bulbs and/or consulting with the property owner. If replacing bulbs doesn't work and/or no other switch(es) can be found, then recommend that a qualified electrician evaluate and repair or replace light fixtures as necessary.
Deadfront panel not installed. No screws visible.
Condition of water heater: Appeared serviceable
Energy source: Natural gas
Estimated age: 7 years
Capacity (in gallons): 50
Temperature-pressure relief valve installed: Yes
Manufacturer: General Electric
Location of water heater: Garage
Hot water temperature tested: Yes
Condition of burners: Appeared serviceable
Condition of venting system: Appeared serviceable
Condition of combustion air supply: Appeared serviceable
One or more bonding or grounding clamp(s) attached to copper water-supply pipes appeared to be made of steel. When these electrically energized dissimilar metals are in contact with each other, corrosion can occur on the water-supply pipes and result in leaks. Recommend that a qualified person replace steel clamps on copper pipes as necessary, with clamps made of brass, bronze or copper.
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC)
General heating system type(s): Forced air, Furnace
General heating distribution type(s): Ducts and registers
Last service date of primary heat source: None
Condition of forced air heating/(cooling) system: Appeared serviceable
Forced air heating system fuel type: Natural gas
Estimated age of forced air furnace: 7 years
Forced air heating system manufacturer: Intertherm
Location of forced air furnace: Garage
Condition of furnace filters: Appeared serviceable
Location for forced air filter(s): At top of air handler
Condition of forced air ducts and registers: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of burners: Appeared serviceable
Condition of combustion air supply: Appeared serviceable
Condition of controls: Appeared serviceable
24 hour automatic ventilation system present: None visible
Condition of combustion air supply: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Type of combustion air supply: No dedicated source visible, uses room air
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).
One or more heating or cooling ducts in an unconditioned space (e.g. crawl space, attic or basement) were not insulated, or the insulation was damaged or deteriorated. This can result in reduced energy efficiency, moisture inside heating ducts, and/or "sweating" on cooling ducts. Recommend that a qualified person repair per standard building practices. For example, by wrapping ducts in insulation with an R-value of R-8.
Recommend replacing or washing HVAC filters upon taking occupancy depending on the type of filters installed. Regardless of the type, recommend checking filters monthly in the future and replacing or washing them as necessary. How frequently they need replacing or washing depends on the type and quality of the filter, how the system is configured (e.g. always on vs. "Auto"), and on environmental factors (e.g. pets, smoking, frequency of house cleaning, number of occupants, the season).
Fireplaces, Stoves, Chimneys and Flues
Condition of wood-burning fireplaces, stoves: Appeared serviceable
Wood-burning fireplace type: Masonry
Condition of gas-fired fireplaces or stoves: Not determined (didn't respond to normal controls, gas off, etc.)
Gas fireplace or stove type: Metal pre-fab fireplace
Fan or blower installed in gas-fired fireplace or stove: Yes
Condition of chimneys and flues: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Wood-burning chimney type: Masonry, Concrete
Gas-fired flue type: Masonry with metal liner
One or more fireplace dampers were inoperable and/or severely corroded. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair or replace dampers as necessary.
One or more masonry chimney crowns were cracked. Crowns are meant to keep water off of the chimney structure and prevent damage from freeze-thaw cycles. Chimney crowns are commonly constructed by mounding concrete or mortar on the top chimney surface, however this is substandard. A properly constructed chimney crown should:
- Be constructed using either precast concrete slabs, cast-in-place steel reinforced concrete, solid stone, or metal
- Be sloped down from the flue a minimum of 3 inches of fall per foot of run
- Extend a minimum of 2 1/2 inches beyond the face of the chimney on all sides
- Not directly contact the flue liner (if installed), with the gap filled with flexible caulk
- Have flashing installed between the bottom of the crown and the top of the brick chimney
Recommend that a qualified contractor repair or replace crowns as necessary, and per standard building practices.
The glass front on the gas fireplace had a hazy film. This is typically a mineral residue left from water vapor as the gas burns. It may be possible to clean this fogging by removing the glass from the fireplace and using a gas appliance ceramic glass cleaner, available through gas fireplace and stove distributors and installers. Ammonia-based products, such as common glass cleaners, should not be used since they can cause damage or etching to the glass, or make the haze permanent. It may be possible for a homeowner to remove the glass for cleaning, if the instructions for the fireplace are available and if the homeowner is experienced in such repairs. Consult with a qualified specialist for more information, or to have them do the cleaning.
The gas fireplace or stove was not fully evaluated because the pilot light was off. The inspector only operates normal controls (e.g. on/off switch or thermostat) and does not light pilot lights or operate gas shut-off valves. Recommend that the client review all documentation for such gas appliances and familiarize themselves with the lighting procedure. If necessary, a qualified specialist should assist in lighting such appliances, and make any needed repairs.
Significant amounts of ash or fire materials were present in one or more fireplace or wood stove fireboxes. As a result, the inspector was unable to fully view or evaluate the firebox(es) and/or components inside (e.g. firebrick, metal liner, log lighter). These components are excluded from this inspection.
Attic and Roof Structure
Attic inspection method: Traversed
Location of attic access point #A: Garage, first floor
Location of attic access point #B: Bedroom closet, first floor
Attic access points that were opened and viewed, traversed or partially traversed: A, B
Condition of roof structure: Appeared serviceable
Roof structure type: Rafters
Ceiling structure: Ceiling joists
Condition of insulation in attic (ceiling, skylight chase, etc.): Appeared serviceable
Ceiling insulation material: Fiberglass loose fill
Vermiculite insulation present: None visible
Vapor retarder: None visible
Condition of roof ventilation: Appeared serviceable
Roof ventilation type: Box vents (roof jacks), Enclosed soffit vents
Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; areas and components obscured by insulation. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of the attic ventilation system. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high/low temperatures, high/low humidity, high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector is not a licensed engineer and does not determine the adequacy of roof structure components such as trusses, rafters or ceiling beams, or their spacing or sizing.
One or more attic access hatches or doors were not insulated, or had substandard insulation. Weatherstripping was also missing or substandard. Recommend installing weatherstripping and insulation per current standards at hatches or doors for better energy efficiency. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?ATTACC
Plumbing / Fuel Systems
Condition of service and main line: Appeared serviceable
Water service: Public
Location of main water meter: By sidewalk in front of house
Location of main water shut-off: Not determined (obscured, inaccessible or none found)
Service pipe material: Galvanized steel
Condition of supply lines: Appeared serviceable
Supply pipe material: Copper, Galvanized steel
Condition of drain pipes: Appeared serviceable
Drain pipe material: Galvanized steel
Condition of waste lines: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Waste pipe material: Plastic, Cast iron
Location(s) of plumbing clean-outs: Crawl space
Vent pipe condition: Appeared serviceable
Vent pipe material: Galvanized steel
Sump pump installed: None visible
Condition of fuel system: Appeared serviceable
Location of main fuel shut-off valve: At gas meter
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: private/shared wells and related equipment; private sewage disposal systems; hot tubs or spas; main, side and lateral sewer lines; gray water systems; pressure boosting systems; trap primers; incinerating or composting toilets; fire suppression systems; water softeners, conditioners or filtering systems; plumbing components concealed within the foundation or building structure, or in inaccessible areas such as below tubs; underground utilities and systems; overflow drains for tubs and sinks; backflow prevention devices. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not test for lead in the water supply, the water pipes or solder, does not determine if plumbing and fuel lines are adequately sized, and does not determine the existence or condition of underground or above-ground fuel tanks.
Copper water supply pipes were installed. Copper pipes installed prior to the late 1980s may be joined with solder that contains lead, which is a known health hazard especially for children. Laws were passed in 1985 prohibiting the use of lead in solder, but prior to that solder normally contained approximately 50% lead. The client should be aware of this, especially if children will be using this water supply system. Note that the inspector does not test for toxic materials such as lead. The client should consider having a qualified lab test for lead, and if necessary take steps to reduce or remove lead from the water supply. Various solutions include:
- Flush water taps or faucets. Do not drink water that has been sitting in the plumbing lines for more than 6 hours
- Install appropriate filters at points of use
- Use only cold water for cooking and drinking, as hot water dissolves lead more quickly than cold water
- Use bottled or distilled water
- Treat well water to make it less corrosive
- Have a qualified plumber replace supply pipes and/or plumbing components as necessary
For more information visit:http://www.reporthost.com/?LEADDWhttp://www.reporthost.com/?LEAD
Some or all of the water supply and drain or vent pipes were made of galvanized steel. Based on the age of this structure and the 40-60 year useful life of this piping, it will likely need replacing in the future. Leaks can develop, flooding and/or water damage may occur, flow can be restricted due to scale accumulating inside the piping, and water may be rusty. Note that it is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine what percentage of the piping is older, galvanized steel, as much of it is concealed in wall, floor and/or ceiling cavities. Recommend the following:
- That a qualified plumber evaluate to better understand or estimate the remaining life
- Consulting with a qualified plumber about replacement options and costs
- Budget for replacement in the future
- Monitor these pipes for leaks and decreased flow in the future
- Consider replacing old, galvanized steel piping proactively
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The inspector did not determine the location of the main water shut-off valve, or verify that a readily accessible shut-off valve in the building exists. Recommend consulting with the property owner to determine if a main shut-off valve exists, locating it yourself, or that a qualified plumber find it if necessary. If no readily accessible main shut-off valve is found in the building, then recommend that a qualified plumber install one so the water supply can be quickly turned off in the event of an emergency, such as when a supply pipe bursts.
Based on the age of this structure, recommend that a qualified plumber inspect the waste lines using a video scope device to determine if they need repair or replacement. Property owners are usually responsible for repairs to the side sewer and publicly owned lateral lines. Such repairs can be expensive.
Crawl space inspection method: Traversed
Location of crawl space access point #A: Building exterior
Crawl space access points that were opened and viewed, traversed or partially traversed: A
Condition of floor substructure above: Appeared serviceable
Pier or support post material: Wood
Beam material: Solid wood
Floor structure above: Solid wood joists
Condition of insulation underneath floor above: Not applicable, none installed
Insulation material underneath floor above: None visible
Condition of vapor barrier: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Vapor barrier present: Yes
Condition of crawl space ventilation: Appeared serviceable
Ventilation type: Unconditioned space, with vents
Limitations: Structural components such as joists and beams, and other components such as piping, wiring and/or ducting that are obscured by under-floor insulation are excluded from this inspection. The inspector does not determine if support posts, columns, beams, joists, studs, trusses, etc. are of adequate size, spanning or spacing.
The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that water will not accumulate in the crawl spaces in the future. Complete access to all crawl space areas during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. heavy rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so.
The inspector attempts to locate all crawl space access points and areas. Access points may be obscured or otherwise hidden by furnishings or stored items. In such cases, the client should ask the property owner where all access points are that are not described in this inspection, and have those areas inspected. Note that crawl space areas should be checked at least annually for water intrusion, plumbing leaks and pest activity.
No under-floor insulation was installed in the crawl space. Recommend that a qualified person install insulation for better energy efficiency and per standard building practices. Typically this is R-19 rated fiberglass batt with the attached facing installed against the warm (floor) side.
One or more outdoor crawl space access hatches or doors were missing, damaged, deteriorated or substandard. Water and/or vermin can enter the crawl space. Recommend that a qualified person replace, install or repair hatches or doors where necessary.
The plastic vapor barrier over the soil is clear plastic rather than black. A vapor barrier is normally installed to prevent water from evaporating from the soil below up into the structure. An opaque, black plastic should be used rather than clear to prevent mushroom growth and to prevent vegetation growth near sources of light such as vents. Recommend that a qualified person replace the clear plastic vapor barrier with an opaque, black one, and per standard building practices (e.g. seams overlapped to 24 inches, not in contact with any wood structural components, held in place with bricks or stones).
Significant gaps were found where the main waste pipe was routed through the foundation wall. Water, soil and/or vermin may enter the crawl space. Recommend that a qualified person make permanent repairs as necessary to seal these gaps.
Cellulose material such as scrap wood and/or cardboard or paper was found in the crawl space. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend removing all cellulose-based debris or stored items.
Minor amounts of standing water were found at one or more locations in the crawl space. Some minor seasonal water accumulation can be normal. However significant amounts of Water may evaporate and enter the structure above causing high levels of moisture in the structure. This can be a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Rain runoff is the most common cause of wet crawl spaces but water can come from other sources such as groundwater or underground springs. Recommend monitoring the crawl space in the future, especially after heavy and/or prolonged periods of rain. Correct any issues related to outside perimeter grading and/or roof drainage (see any other comments about this in this report). Also, review any disclosure statements available and ask the property owner about past accumulation of water in the crawl space.
If standing water persists or increases in amount, recommend that a qualified contractor who specializes in drainage issues evaluate and repair as necessary. Typically such repairs include:
- Repairing, installing or improving underground footing and/or curtain drains
- Applying waterproof coatings to foundation walls
- Digging trenches in the crawl space to collect or divert water
- Installing sump pumps
PLEASE NOTE THE PICTURES PROVIDED ARE NOT INCLUSIVE OF ALL FINDINGS AND ARE USED TO HELP VISUALIZE THE DEFECTS NOTED. NOT EVERY DEFECT IS REPRESENTED BY A PICTURE.