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Custom Home Inspections
Inspector's email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Phone: (253) 677-5084
Inspector's phone: (253) 677-5084
627 24th Ave SW
Puyallup WA 98373-1458
Inspector: chris bartlett
WSHI License #251
Property Inspection Report
WASHINGTON STATE HOME INSPECTORS LICENSE #251
||10910 36th Avenue Ct E
Tacoma WA 98446-3547
||Wednesday, October 29, 2014
This report published on Thursday, October 30, 2014 5:39:02 AM PDT
PLEASE NOTE THE PICTURES PROVIDED ARE NOT EXCLUSIVE OF ALL FINDINGS AND ARE USED TO HELP VISUALIZE THE DEFECTS NOTED.
How to Read this Report
This report is organized by the property's functional areas. Within each functional area, descriptive information is listed first and is shown in bold type. Items of concern follow descriptive information.
Concerns are shown and sorted according to these types:
|Safety||Poses a risk of injury or death|
|Major Defect||Correction likely involves a significant expense|
|Repair/Replace||Recommend repairing or replacing|
|Repair/Maintain||Recommend repair and/or maintenance|
|Minor Defect||Correction likely involves only a minor expense|
|Maintain||Recommend ongoing maintenance|
|Evaluate||Recommend evaluation by a specialist|
|Monitor||Recommend monitoring in the future|
|Comment||For your information|
|Conducive conditions||Conditions conducive for wood destroying insects or organisms (Wood-soil contact, shrubs in contact with siding, roof or plumbing leaks, etc.)|
Click here for a glossary of building construction terms.Contact your inspector If there are terms that you do not understand, or visit the glossary of construction terms at http://www.reporthost.com/glossary.asp
12:30Present during inspection:
Client, RealtorClient present for discussion at end of inspection:
YesWeather conditions during inspection:
Dry (no rain)Temperature during inspection:
One houseAge of main building:
1993Source for main building age:
Client, Municipal records or property listingFront of building faces:
EastMain entrance faces:
Unless specifically included in the inspection, the following items and any related equipment, controls, electric systems and/or plumbing systems are excluded from this inspection: detached buildings or structures; fences and gates; retaining walls; underground drainage systems, catch basins or concealed sump pumps; swimming pools and related safety equipment, spas, hot tubs or saunas; whether deck, balcony and/or stair membranes are watertight; trees, landscaping, properties of soil, soil stability, erosion and erosion control; ponds, water features, irrigation or yard sprinkler systems; sport courts, playground, recreation or leisure equipment; areas below the exterior structures with less than 3 feet of vertical clearance; invisible fencing; sea walls, docks and boathouses; retractable awnings. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only.Site profile:
LevelCondition of driveway:
Appeared serviceableDriveway material:
Poured in place concreteCondition of sidewalks and/or patios:
Appeared serviceableSidewalk material:
Poured in place concrete, Paving stonesCondition of deck, patio and/or porch covers:
Appeared serviceableDeck, patio, porch cover material and type:
Covered (Refer to Roof section)
Cracks, holes, settlement, heaving and/or deterioration resulting in trip hazards were found in the sidewalks or patios. For safety reasons, recommend that a qualified contractor repair as necessary to eliminate trip hazards.
Significant amounts of standing water or evidence of past accumulated water were found at one or more locations in the yard or landscaped areas, and no drain was visible. If evidence of past water was found (e.g. silt accumulation or staining), monitor these areas in the future during periods of heavy rain. If standing water exists, recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary. For example, installing one or more drains, or grading soil.
Cracks, holes, settlement, heaving and/or deterioration were found in sidewalks and/or patios. Recommend that qualified contractor repair as necessary.
The soil or grading sloped down towards building perimeters in one or more areas. This can result in water accumulating around building foundations or underneath buildings. It is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend grading soil so it slopes down and away from buildings with a slope of at least 1 inch per horizontal foot for at least 6 feet out from buildings.
Minor deterioration (e.g. cracks, holes, settlement, heaving) was found in the driveway, but no trip hazards were found. The client may wish to have repairs made for cosmetic reasons.
Exterior and Foundation
The inspector performs a visual inspection of accessible components or systems at the exterior. Items excluded from this inspection include below-grade foundation walls and footings; foundations, exterior surfaces or components obscured by vegetation, stored items or debris; wall structures obscured by coverings such as siding or trim. Some items such as siding, trim, soffits, vents and windows are often high off the ground, and may be viewed using binoculars from the ground or from a ladder. This may limit a full evaluation. Regarding foundations, some amount of cracking is normal in concrete slabs and foundation walls due to shrinkage and drying. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of seismic reinforcement.Condition of wall exterior covering:
Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)Apparent wall structure:
Wood frameWall covering:
Wood, Wood fiberCondition of foundation and footings:
Appeared serviceableApparent foundation type:
Crawl space, Concrete garage slabFoundation/stem wall material:
Poured in place concreteFooting material (under foundation stem wall):
Poured in place concreteAnchor bolts or hold downs for seismic reinforcement:
InstalledShear panels for seismic reinforcement:
The exposed wall sheathing at the SW corner of the home is rotted due to exposure. Recommend further evaluation and repair as needed by a licensed contractor
Many sections of siding and/or trim were deteriorated, loose, warped, damaged. Recommend that a qualified person repair, replace or install siding or trim as necessary.
Fungal rot was found at one or more sections of siding or trim, soffits. Conducive conditions for rot should be corrected (e.g. wood-soil contact, reverse perimeter slope). Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary. All rotten wood should be replaced.
This property was clad with composition wood-fiber siding. Various manufacturers (e.g. Louisiana Pacific, Weyerhaeuser and Masonite) have produced this type of siding, which is made from oriented strand board (OSB) or "hardboard." It is prone to deteriorate and/or fail prematurely due to moisture penetration, especially when the paint coating is substandard or has not been maintained. Failure is typically visible in the form of swelling, cracking, buckling, wafer pops, delamination and fungal growth.
Some areas of siding on this structure showed symptoms described above and need replacement and/or maintenance. Some manufacturers (e.g. Louisiana Pacific) recommend a repair process for this siding where affected areas are sealed with Permanizer Plus, a flexible primer made by Pittsburgh Paint, followed by two coats of 100% acrylic latex paint. This sealant must be applied to the bottom edges using a brush. The face of the siding can be sprayed. The Permanizer Plus sealer isn't required for edges that aren't swollen, cracked or deteriorated, but the acrylic latex should still be brushed on these edges.
Recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate and replace siding as necessary, and/or seal and repaint as necessary. Repairs should be made per the siding and/or sealant manufacturer's installation instructions, and per standard building practices.
For more information, visit:http://www.google.com/search?q=permanizer+plushttp://www.google.com/search?q=failing+composition+wood+siding
One or more windows or doors were installed with no "drip cap" or "Z" flashings installed above them. Better building practices call for such flashings, which greatly reduce the chance of leaks above windows and doors. Without this flashing, caulk and paint must be maintained or water can enter the wall structure and cause rot and possible structural damage. Depending on the exposure (e.g. roof overhang, height of exterior wall, direction of prevailing rain) this may or may not be an issue. The client should monitor these areas in the future and maintain caulk and paint as necessary. Consult with a qualified contractor about installing flashings where needed, and per standard building practices. Note that when trim or siding is removed to install flashing, damaged wood may be found and additional repairs may be needed.
Large gaps at siding and/or trim were filled with caulk. Caulk should only be used to seal gaps 1/4-inch wide or smaller. Caulk is likely to separate with wider gaps and can result in leaks and subsequent water damage or fungal rot. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified person repair per standard building practices. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/_docs/FPL_Caulking_Ins_Outs.pdf
One or more minor cracks (1/8 inch or less) were found in the foundation. These didn't appear to be a structural concern, but recommend sealing them to prevent water infiltration and monitor them in the future. Numerous products exist to seal such cracks including hydraulic cement, non-shrinking grout, resilient caulks and epoxy sealants.
The paint or stain finish in some areas was failing (e.g. peeling, faded, worn, thinning). Siding and trim with a failing finish can be damaged by moisture.Recommend that a qualified contractor prep (e.g. clean, scrape, sand, prime, caulk) and repaint or restain the building exterior where necessary and per standard building practices. Any repairs needed to the siding or trim should be made prior to this.
Caulk was missing, deteriorated, substandard in some areas. For example, around windows, around doors, at siding butt joints, at siding-trim junctions, at wall penetrations. Recommend that a qualified person renew or install caulk as necessary. Where gaps are wider than 1/4 inch, an appropriate material other than caulk should be used. For more information, visit:http://www.reporthost.com/_docs/FPL_Caulking_Ins_Outs.pdf
Structural components such as joists and beams, and other components such as piping, wiring and/or ducting that are obscured by under-floor insulation are excluded from this inspection. The inspector does not determine if support posts, columns, beams, joists, studs, trusses, etc. are of adequate size, spanning or spacing.
The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that water will not accumulate in the crawl spaces in the future. Complete access to all crawl space areas during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. heavy rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so.
The inspector attempts to locate all crawl space access points and areas. Access points may be obscured or otherwise hidden by furnishings or stored items. In such cases, the client should ask the property owner where all access points are that are not described in this inspection, and have those areas inspected. Note that crawl space areas should be checked at least annually for water intrusion, plumbing leaks and pest activity.Crawl space inspection method:
TraversedLocation of crawl space access point #A:
Building exteriorCrawl space access points that were opened and viewed, traversed or partially traversed:
ACondition of floor substructure above crawl space:
Appeared serviceablePier or support post material:
Solid woodFloor structure:
Solid wood joistsCondition of insulation underneath floor above:
Appeared serviceableInsulation material underneath floor above:
Fiberglass roll or battCondition of vapor barrier:
Appeared serviceableVapor barrier present:
YesCondition of crawl space ventilation:
Appeared serviceableVentilation type:
Evidence of prior water intrusion or accumulation was found in one or more sections of the crawl space. For example, sediment stains on the vapor barrier or foundation, and/or efflorescence on the foundation. Accumulated water is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms and should not be present in the crawl space. Recommend that the client review any disclosure statements available and ask the property owner about past accumulation of water in the crawl space. The crawl space should be monitored in the future for accumulated water, especially after heavy and/or prolonged periods of rain. If water is found to accumulate, then recommend that a qualified contractor who specializes in drainage issues evaluate and repair as necessary. Typical repairs for preventing water from accumulating in crawl spaces include:
- Repairing, installing or improving rain run-off systems (gutters, downspouts and extensions or drain lines)
- Improving perimeter grading
- Repairing, installing or improving underground footing and/or curtain drains
Ideally, water should not enter crawl spaces, but if water must be controlled after it enters the crawl space, then typical repairs include installing trenches, gravity drains and/or sump pump(s) in the crawl space.
Standing water was found at one or more locations in the crawl space. Water from crawl spaces can evaporate and enter the structure above causing high levels of moisture in the structure. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. While a minor amount of seasonal water is commonly found in crawl spaces, significant amounts should not be present.
Rain runoff is the most common cause of wet crawl spaces, but water can come from other sources such as groundwater or underground springs. Recommend that a qualified person correct any issues related to outside perimeter grading and/or roof drainage (see any other comments about this in this report). If standing water persists, then recommend that a qualified contractor who specializes in drainage issues evaluate and repair as necessary. Typically such repairs include:
- Repairing, installing or improving underground footing and/or curtain drains
- Applying waterproof coatings to foundation walls
- Digging trenches in the crawl space to collect or divert water
- Installing sump pumps
The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; solar roofing components. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on the roof surface material, nor guarantee that leaks have not occurred in the roof surface, skylights or roof penetrations in the past. Regarding roof leaks, only active leaks, visible evidence of possible sources of leaks, and evidence of past leaks observed during the inspection are reported on as part of this inspection. The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that leaks will not occur in the future. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. Regarding the roof drainage system, unless the inspection was conducted during and after prolonged periods of heavy rain, the inspector was unable to determine if gutters, downspouts and extensions performed adequately or were leak-free.Age of roof surface(s):
21 yearsRoof inspection method:
TraversedCondition of roof surface material:
Near, at or beyond service lifeRoof surface material:
Asphalt or fiberglass composition shinglesRoof type:
Gable, HippedApparent number of layers of roof surface material:
OneCondition of exposed flashings:
Appeared serviceable, Near, at or beyond service lifeCondition of gutters, downspouts and extensions:
Appeared serviceableGutter and downspout material:
MetalGutter and downspout installation:
The roof surface was significantly deteriorated and appeared to be at or beyond its service life. It needs replacing now. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Consult with a qualified contractor to determine replacement options. Note that some structural repairs are often needed after old roof surfaces are removed and the structure becomes fully visible. Related roofing components such as flashings and vents should be replaced or installed as needed and per standard building practices.
Past repairs were found at one or more locations on the roof surface. Leaks can occur as a result. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate and repair per standard building practices.
Water was leaking behind one or more gutters. Rainwater can come in contact with the building exterior or accumulate around the foundation as a result. The edge of the roof structure cab become damaged by rot or water.
This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified person evaluate and repair as necessary. For example, by installing flashing or tightening loose gutters.
Kick-out flashing was missing at one or more locations. Such flashing should be located at the bottom of slopes where roof surfaces intersect with exterior walls above. It directs rainwater away from exterior walls and into gutters so that rainwater is less likely to run down the front surfaces of siding or flow behind siding. Recommend that a qualified contractor install kickout flashings where missing and per standard building practices.
One or more roofing staples weren't fully seated and shingles were lifting or staple heads were protruding through shingle surfaces. The staples may have loosened, or were not pounded in fully when installed. Shingles are likely to be wind damaged, and leaks can occur as a result. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair as necessary. For example, by replacing shingles.
Sealant was used at one or more roof penetrations (e.g. pipes, vents, chimneys) rather than flashing. Sealant is not required for most roof penetrations when installations of such items are done professionally and per standard building practices. The presence of sealant suggests that work was performed by someone who was not a qualified contractor. The sealant will be a maintenance issue in the future since it must be renewed periodically. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair where necessary and per standard building practices. For example, by removing sealant and installing flashing.
Moss was growing on the roof. As a result, shingles can lift or be damaged. Leaks can result and/or the roof surface can fail prematurely. Efforts should be made to kill the moss during its growing season (wet months). Typically, zinc or phosphate-based chemicals are used for this and must be applied periodically. For information on various moss treatment products and their pros and cons, visit:http://www.google.com/search?q=moss+on+roof
Stains were found at the front of one or more gutters and indicate that the gutters have overflowed. If they have overflowed, it's usually due to debris clogging gutters or downspouts. The inspector was unable to verify that the gutters and downspouts drained adequately due to lack of recent, significant rainfall. Monitor the roof drainage system in the future while it's raining to determine if problems exist. Then if necessary, recommend that a qualified person clean, repair or replace gutters, downspouts and/or extensions.
One or more downspouts terminated above a roof surface, and rainwater from the downspouts washes over the roof surface below. This is a common configuration, but in some cases large quantities of rainwater can damage shingles by removing granules and reduce the life of the roof surface. Consider installing extensions to route the rainwater directly to the closest gutter below to prevent such damage.
Attic and Roof Structure
The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; areas and components obscured by insulation. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of the attic ventilation system. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high/low temperatures, high/low humidity, high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector is not a licensed engineer and does not determine the adequacy of roof structure components such as trusses, rafters or ceiling beams, or their spacing or sizing.Attic inspection method:
TraversedLocation of attic access point #A:
Hallway, second floorAttic access points that were opened and viewed, traversed or partially traversed:
ACondition of roof structure:
Appeared serviceableRoof structure type:
TrussesCondition of insulation in attic (ceiling, skylight chase, etc.):
Appeared serviceableCeiling insulation material:
Fiberglass loose fillCondition of roof ventilation:
Appeared serviceableRoof ventilation type:
Box vents (roof jacks), Gable end vents, Open soffit vents
All attic areas and roof structures more than 8 feet from attic access point(s) # were inaccessible due to limited height. These areas were not evaluated and are excluded from the inspection.
Microbial staining was visible on roof sheathing in the attic. Such staining usually occurs due to elevated humidity in the attic, and subsequent elevated moisture levels in the sheathing. When humid attic conditions have been corrected, it's likely that such staining will stop growing. Humid conditions often occur during construction when large volumes of water evaporate from paint and drywall mud, and can then return to normal, dryer levels. However, ongoing ventilation and/or insulation issues can also result in humid conditions. Please note any other comments in this report related to ventilation, insulation and/or moisture levels in the attic, and make any related recommended corrections. After issues related to the moisture conditions have been corrected, the clients may or may not wish to have mitigation work performed for the biological staining. Typically mold abatement specialists perform such work and may do the following:
- Remove affected attic insulation
- Clean microbial staining from wood surfaces
- Treat wood surfaces with mildewcides
- Prime wood with special primers
- Install new attic insulation
Note that the inspector is not a mold specialist or industrial hygienist and provides no professional opinion on health issues related to microbial growth.
Garage or Carport
The inspector does not determine the adequacy of firewall ratings. Requirements for ventilation in garages vary between municipalities.Type:
AttachedCondition of garage:
Appeared serviceableType of door between garage and house:
MetalCondition of garage vehicle door(s):
Appeared serviceableType of garage vehicle door:
SectionalNumber of vehicle doors:
1Condition of automatic opener(s):
Not determined (not plugged in, no power, etc.)Mechanical auto-reverse operable (reverses when meeting reasonable resistance during closing):
NoCondition of garage floor:
Appeared serviceableCondition of garage interior:
The "photo eye" sensors that trigger the auto-reverse feature on one or more garage vehicle doors' automatic openers were located higher than 4-6 inches from the floor. This is a potential safety hazard. A qualified person should relocate sensors so they are 4-6 inches from the floor per standard building practices. For more information on garage door safety issues, visit:http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/523.html
One or more garage vehicle doors were locked. The inspector was unable to operate or fully evaluate the door(s) as a result.
One or more automatic door openers were not plugged in or had no power. The inspector was unable to fully evaluate the automatic opener(s).
Minor cracks were found in the concrete slab floor. These are common and appeared to be only a cosmetic issue.
The following items are not included in this inspection: generator systems, transfer switches, surge suppressors, inaccessible or concealed wiring; underground utilities and systems; low-voltage lighting or lighting on timers or sensors. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of grounding or bonding, if this system has an adequate capacity for the client's specific or anticipated needs, or if this system has any reserve capacity for additions or expansion. The inspector does not operate circuit breakers as part of the inspection, and does not install or change light bulbs. The inspector does not evaluate every wall switch or receptacle, but instead tests a representative number of them per various standards of practice. When furnishings, stored items or child-protective caps are present some receptacles are usually inaccessible and are not tested; these are excluded from this inspection. Receptacles that are not of standard 110 volt configuration, including 240-volt dryer receptacles, are not tested and are excluded. The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide detectors is not determined as part of this inspection. Upon taking occupancy, proper operating and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide detectors should be verified and batteries should be changed. These devices have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. The inspector attempts to locate and evaluate all main and sub-panels. However, panels are often concealed. If panels are found after the inspection, a qualified electrician should evaluate and repair if necessary. The inspector attempts to determine the overall electrical service size, but such estimates are not guaranteed because the overall capacity may be diminished by lesser-rated components in the system. Any repairs recommended should be made by a licensed electrician.Electric service condition:
Appeared serviceablePrimary service type:
UndergroundNumber of service conductors:
3Service voltage (volts):
120-240Estimated service amperage:
200Primary service overload protection type:
Circuit breakersService entrance conductor material:
Stranded aluminumMain disconnect rating (amps):
Ground rod(s) in soilCondition of main service panel:
Appeared serviceableLocation of main service panel #A:
GarageLocation of main disconnect:
Breaker at top of main service panelCondition of branch circuit wiring:
ServiceableBranch circuit wiring type:
Non-metallic sheathedSolid strand aluminum branch circuit wiring present:
None visibleSmoke alarms installed:
Yes, but not testedCarbon monoxide alarms installed:
No, recommend installSmoke alarm power source(s):
No carbon monoxide alarms were visible. This is a potential safety hazard. Some states and/or municipalities require CO alarms to be installed for new construction and/or for homes being sold. Recommend installing approved CO alarms outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms on each level and in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. For more information, visit:http://www.cpsc.gov/CPSCPUB/PREREL/prhtml05/05017.html
One or more light fixtures were missing. Recommend that a qualified electrician repair or replace light fixtures as necessary.
Plumbing / Fuel Systems
The following items are not included in this inspection: private/shared wells and related equipment; private sewage disposal systems; hot tubs or spas; main, side and lateral sewer lines; gray water systems; pressure boosting systems; trap primers; incinerating or composting toilets; fire suppression systems; water softeners, conditioners or filtering systems; plumbing components concealed within the foundation or building structure, or in inaccessible areas such as below tubs; underground utilities and systems; overflow drains for tubs and sinks; backflow prevention devices. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not test for lead in the water supply, the water pipes or solder, does not determine if plumbing and fuel lines are adequately sized, and does not determine the existence or condition of underground or above-ground fuel tanks.Condition of service and main line:
Appeared serviceableLocation of main water meter:
By streetLocation of main water shut-off:
Laundry roomWater service:
PublicService pipe material:
CopperCondition of supply lines:
Appeared serviceableSupply pipe material:
PolybutyleneCondition of drain pipes:
Appeared serviceableDrain pipe material:
PlasticCondition of waste lines:
Appeared serviceableWaste pipe material:
PlasticLocation(s) of plumbing clean-outs:
Not determined (obscured, inaccessible or none found)Vent pipe condition:
Appeared serviceableVent pipe material:
Based on visible equipment or information provided to the inspector, this property appeared to have a yard irrigation (sprinkler) system. These are specialty systems and are excluded from this inspection. Comments in this report related to this system are made as a courtesy only and are not meant to be a substitute for a full evaluation by a qualified specialist. When this system is operated, recommend verifying that water is not directed at building exteriors, or directed so water accumulates around building foundations. Sprinkler heads may need to be adjusted, replaced or disabled. Recommend that a qualified plumber verify that a backflow prevention device is installed per standard building practices to prevent cross-contamination of gray water and potable water, and install an expansion tank at the water heater if missing and necessary. Recommend that a qualified specialist evaluate the irrigation system for other defects (e.g. leaks, damaged or malfunctioning sprinkler heads) and repair if necessary.
One or more hose bibs (outside faucets) leaked while off. When hose bibs leak while turned off, it's often caused by a worn valve seat or a loose bonnet. When hose bibs leak while turned on, it may be due to worn "packing" around the stem or a defective backflow prevention device. Recommend that a qualified plumber repair as necessary.
Evaluation of and determining the adequacy or completeness of the following items are not included in this inspection: water recirculation pumps; solar water heating systems; Energy Smart or energy saver controls; catch pan drains. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on water heaters, does not determine if water heaters are appropriately sized, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit or a shut-off valve to be operated.Condition of water heater:
5 yearsCapacity (in gallons):
50Temperature-pressure relief valve installed:
A.O. SmithLocation of water heater:
Laundry roomHot water temperature tested:
YesWater temperature (degrees Fahrenheit):
The water heater's earthquake straps or struts were substandard. For example, they may allow significant movement or use substandard fasteners. This is a potential safety hazard in the event of an earthquake due to the risk of the water heater tipping over, gas lines breaking if it's gas-fired, or electric wiring being damaged if powered by electricity. Leaks can also occur in water-supply pipes. Recommend that a qualified person repair or replace existing earthquake reinforcement per standard building practices.
The water heater was installed over a finished space. A catch pan was installed below the water heater, but no drain line was visible. Typically, such catch pans hold only a gallon or two of water. If the water heater fails and leaks significantly, the finished space below may be damaged by spilled water and need expensive repairs. Normally, a drain line is installed at the catch pan to route any accumulated water outside the structure. Recommend that a qualified person install a drain line per standard building practices.
The estimated useful life for most water heaters is 8-12 years. This water heater appeared to be at this age and/or its useful lifespan and may need replacing at any time. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future, or considering replacement now before any leaks occur. The client should be aware that significant flooding can occur if the water heater fails. If not replaced now, consider having a qualified person install a catch pan and drain or a water alarm to help prevent damage if water does leak.
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC)
The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).General heating system type(s):
Forced air, FurnaceGeneral heating distribution type(s):
Ducts and registersLast service date of primary heat source:
12/2010Source for last service date of primary heat source:
LabelCondition of forced air heating/(cooling) system:
Appeared serviceableForced air heating system fuel type:
ElectricEstimated age of forced air furnace:
21 yearsForced air heating system manufacturer:
American StandardLocation of forced air furnace:
Laundry roomCondition of forced air ducts and registers:
Appeared serviceableCondition of controls:
Appeared serviceableCondition of whole house fan:
Appeared serviceable24 hour automatic ventilation system present:
One or more windows in this structure were equipped with air supply ports (window vents). These are intended to improve indoor air quality in relatively air- tight structures by supplying fresh air to living spaces and by reducing moisture accumulation. Air supply ports should be kept open at all times.
An exhaust fan with a 24 or 12 hour timer was installed and served as a simple ventilation system. The timer can be configured to operate the fan automatically one or more times per day for a set length of time. These fans help reduce moisture and stale air inside the house. Guidelines vary for when and how long such fans should be configured to operate depending on the size of the house, number of occupants and rating of the fan. Recommend reviewing instructions or documentation for the timer and configuring the fan as necessary. The inspector notes these systems when present, but does not determine their adequacy, or if the timer is operable. For more information, visit:http://www.google.com/search?q=configure+laundry+fan+ventilation
Fireplaces, Stoves, Chimneys and Flues
The following items are not included in this inspection: coal stoves, gas logs, chimney flues (except where visible). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of drafting or sizing in fireplace and stove flues, and also does not determine if prefabricated or zero-clearance fireplaces are installed in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. The inspector does not perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, and does not light fires. The inspector provides a basic visual examination of a chimney and any associated wood burning device. The National Fire Protection Association has stated that an in-depth Level 2 chimney inspection should be part of every sale or transfer of property with a wood-burning device. Such an inspection may reveal defects that are not apparent to the home inspector who is a generalist.Condition of wood-burning fireplaces, stoves:
Appeared serviceableWood-burning fireplace type:
Metal pre-fab, Ceramic and masonryFan or blower installed in wood-burning fireplace or stove:
NoCondition of chimneys and flues:
Appeared serviceableWood-burning chimney type:
Metal, with wood enclosure
One or more wood-burning fireplaces or stoves were found at the property. When such devices are used, they should be professionally inspected and cleaned annually to prevent creosote build-up and to determine if repairs are needed. The National Fire Protection Association states that a "Level 2" chimney inspection should be performed with every sale or transfer of property with a wood-burning device. Recommend consulting with the property owner about recent and past servicing and repairs to all wood-burning devices and chimneys or flues at this property. Recommend that a qualified specialist evaluate all wood-burning devices and chimneys, and clean and repair as necessary. Note that if a wood stove insert is installed, it may need to be removed for such an evaluation. For more information, search for "chimney inspection" at:http://www.csia.org/
The following items are not included in this inspection: household appliances such as stoves, ovens, cook tops, ranges, warming ovens, griddles, broilers, dishwashers, trash compactors, refrigerators, freezers, ice makers, hot water dispensers and water filters; appliance timers, clocks, cook functions, self and/or continuous cleaning operations, thermostat or temperature control accuracy, and lights. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of the remaining life of appliances, and does not determine the adequacy of operation of appliances. The inspector does not note appliance manufacturers, models or serial numbers and does not determine if appliances are subject to recalls. Areas and components behind and obscured by appliances are inaccessible and excluded from this inspection.Permanently installed kitchen appliances present during inspection:
Range, Dishwasher, Refrigerator, Under-sink food disposal, Microwave ovenCondition of counters:
Appeared serviceableCondition of cabinets:
Appeared serviceableCondition of sinks and related plumbing:
Appeared serviceableCondition of under-sink food disposal:
Appeared serviceable, Near, at or beyond service lifeCondition of dishwasher:
Appeared serviceableCondition of range, cooktop:
Appeared serviceableRange, cooktop type:
ElectricCondition of refrigerator:
Appeared serviceableCondition of built:
Appeared serviceableCondition of hot water dispenser:
N/A (none installed)Condition of trash compactor:
N/A (none installed)
The range could tip forward. An anti-tip bracket may not be installed. This is a potential safety hazard since the range can tip forward when weight is applied to the open door, such as when a small child climbs on it or if heavy objects are dropped on it. Anti-tip brackets have been sold with all free-standing ranges since 1985. Recommend installing an anti-tip bracket to eliminate this safety hazard. For more information, visit:http://www.google.com/search?q=range+anti-tip+bracket
The microwave is not securely fastened to the cabinet. Recommend securing microwave to cabinet.
No high loop or air gap was visible for the dishwasher drain. A high loop is created by routing the drain line up to the bottom surface of the counter top above and securely fastening it to that surface. An air gap is a device that makes the drain line non-continuous. Both of these prevent waste-water backflow from entering the dishwasher, and possibly flooding out of the dishwasher if/when a siphon occurs. Some newer dishwashers have these devices built in. The client should try to determine if these devices are built in to this brand and model of dishwasher (e.g. review installation instructions). If not, or if this cannot be determined, then recommend that a qualified contractor install a high loop and air gap per standard building practices.
An exhaust hood was installed over the cook top or range, but the fan recirculated the exhaust air back into the kitchen. This may be due to no duct being installed, baffles at the front of the hood not being installed, or a problem with the duct. This can be a nuisance for odor and grease accumulation. Where a gas-fired range or cook top is installed, carbon monoxide and excessive levels of moisture can accumulate in living spaces. Recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate and repair as necessary so exhaust air is ducted outdoors.
All cabinet door handles or drawer pulls were missing. Where operation is difficult, recommend installing handles and/or pulls.
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
The following items are not included in this inspection: overflow drains for tubs and sinks; heated towel racks, saunas, steam generators, clothes washers, clothes dryers. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of washing machine drain lines, washing machine catch pan drain lines, or clothes dryer exhaust ducts. The inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves for sinks, toilets, bidets, clothes washers, etc. due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not determine if shower pans or tub and shower enclosures are water tight, or determine the completeness or operability of any gas piping to laundry appliances.Location #A:
Half bath, first floorLocation #B:
Full bath, second floorLocation #C:
3/4 bath, Master bath, second floorLocation #D:
Laundry room/area, first floorCondition of counters:
Appeared serviceableCondition of cabinets:
Appeared serviceableCondition of flooring:
Appeared serviceableCondition of sinks and related plumbing:
Appeared serviceableCondition of toilets:
Appeared serviceableCondition of bathtubs and related plumbing:
Appeared serviceableCondition of shower(s) and related plumbing:
Appeared serviceableCondition of ventilation systems:
Appeared serviceableBathroom ventilation type:
with individual exhaust ductsGas supply for laundry equipment present:
No240 volt receptacle for laundry equipment present:
The exhaust fan at location(s) #C was inoperable due to defective timer. Moisture may accumulate and result in mold, bacteria or fungal growth. Recommend that a qualified person clean, repair or replace fans as necessary.
Rubber water supply hoses were installed at the clothes washer. These hoses are prone to bursting when deteriorated, which can result in flooding and significant water damage. Recommend upgrading to braided, stainless steel hoses.
Interior, Doors and Windows
The following items are not included in this inspection: security, intercom and sound systems; communications wiring; central vacuum systems; elevators and stair lifts; cosmetic deficiencies such as nail-pops, scuff marks, dents, dings, blemishes or issues due to normal wear and tear in wall, floor and ceiling surfaces and coverings, or in equipment; deficiencies relating to interior decorating; low voltage and gas lighting systems. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not evaluate any areas or items which require moving stored items, furnishings, debris, equipment, floor coverings, insulation or similar materials. The inspector does not test for asbestos, lead, radon, mold, hazardous waste, urea formaldehyde urethane, or any other toxic substance. Some items such as window, drawer, cabinet door or closet door operability are tested on a sampled basis. The client should be aware that paint may obscure wall and ceiling defects, floor coverings may obscure floor defects, and furnishings may obscure wall, floor and floor covering defects. If furnishings were present during the inspection, recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings that were previously obscured when possible. Determining the cause and/or source of odors is not within the scope of this inspection.Condition of exterior entry doors:
Appeared serviceableExterior door material:
Metal, Sliding glassCondition of interior doors:
Appeared serviceableCondition of windows and skylights:
Appeared serviceableType(s) of windows:
Vinyl, Multi-pane, Sliding, Single-hung, FixedCondition of walls and ceilings:
Appeared serviceableWall type or covering:
DrywallCeiling type or covering:
DrywallCondition of flooring:
Appeared serviceableFlooring type or covering:
Carpet, Wood or wood products, TileCondition of stairs, handrails and guardrails:
Squeaking or creaking noises occur when walking on one or more sections of flooring/stairs. This is usually caused by substandard construction practices where the sub-floor decking is not adequately fastened to the framing below. For example, not enough glue was used and/or nails were used rather than screws. In most cases, this is only an annoyance rather than a structural problem. Various solutions such as Squeeeeek No More and Counter Snap fasteners
exist to correct this. Repairs to eliminate the squeaks or creaks may be more or less difficult depending on the floor covering and the access to the underside of the sub-floor. Recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate and repair as necessary. For more information, visit:http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=squeaky+floors
Glass in one or more windows was cracked, broken and/or missing. Recommend that a qualified contractor replace glass where necessary.
Minor cracks, nail pops and/or blemishes were found in walls and/or ceilings in one or more areas. Cracks and nail pops are common, are often caused by lumber shrinkage or minor settlement, and can be more or less noticeable depending on changes in humidity. They did not appear to be a structural concern, but the client may wish to repair these for aesthetic reasons. For recurring cracks, consider using an elastic crack covering product:http://www.google.com/search?q=elastic+crack+cover
PLEASE NOTE THE PICTURES PROVIDED ARE NOT EXCLUSIVE OF ALL FINDINGS AND ARE USED TO HELP VISUALIZE THE DEFECTS NOTED.