View as PDF

View summary

Coastline Home Inspection

Phone: (714) 296-8321
2012 Broadway 
Oceanside CA 92054-6516
Inspector: Bret Rasmussen


Property Inspection Report

Client(s):  Cali Surfer
Property address:  2012 Somewhere
San Diego, Calif.
Inspection date:  Tuesday, August 25, 2015

This report published on Wednesday, August 26, 2015 3:18:08 PM CDT

This report is the exclusive property of this inspection company and the client(s) listed in the report title. Use of this report by any unauthorized persons is prohibited.
How to Read this Report
This report is organized by the property's functional areas.  Within each functional area, descriptive information is listed first and is shown in bold type.  Items of concern follow descriptive information. Concerns are shown and sorted according to these types:
Concern typeSafetyPoses a safety hazard
Concern typeRepair/ReplaceRecommend repairing or replacing
Concern typeRepair/MaintainRecommend repair and/or maintenance
Concern typeMaintainRecommend ongoing maintenance
Concern typeEvaluateRecommend evaluation by a specialist
Concern typeMonitorRecommend monitoring in the future
Concern typeServiceableItem or component is in servicable condition
Concern typeCommentFor your information

Click here for a glossary of building construction terms.Contact your inspector If there are terms that you do not understand, or visit the glossary of construction terms at

Table of Contents
General Information
Exterior and Foundation
Attic and Roof Structure
Garage or Carport
Plumbing / Fuel Systems
Water Heater
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC)
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
Interior, Doors and Windows

General Information
Return to table of contents

Time started: 9:30am
Time finished: 11am
Present during inspection: Property owner
Client present for discussion at end of inspection: Yes
Weather conditions during inspection: Dry (no rain)
Temperature during inspection: Warm
Inspection fee: 325
Payment method: Credit card
Buildings inspected: One house
Age of main building: 48
Source for main building age: Realtor
Front of building faces: West
Main entrance faces: North
Occupied: Yes

1) Structures built prior to the mid 1980s may contain lead and/or asbestos. Lead is commonly found in paint and in some plumbing components. The EPA does not recognize newer coats of paint as encapsulating older coats of lead-based paint. Asbestos is commonly found in various building materials such as insulation, siding, and/or floor and ceiling tiles. Laws were passed in 1978 to prohibit usage of lead and asbestos, but stocks of materials containing these substances remained in use for a number of years thereafter. Both lead and asbestos are known health hazards. Evaluating for the presence of lead and/or asbestos is beyond the scope of this inspection. Any mention of these materials in this report is made as a courtesy only, and meant to refer the client to a specialist. Consult with specialists as necessary, such as industrial hygienists, professional labs and/or abatement specialists for this type of evaluation. For information on lead, asbestos and other hazardous materials in homes, visit:

2) Some areas and items at this property were obscured by furniture. This often includes but is not limited to walls, floors, windows, inside and under cabinets, under sinks, on counter tops, in closets, behind window coverings, under rugs or carpets, and under or behind furniture. Areas around the exterior, under the structure, in the garage and in the attic may also be obscured by stored items. The inspector in general does not move personal belongings, furnishings, carpets or appliances. When furnishings, stored items or debris are present, all areas or items that are obscured, concealed or not readily accessible are excluded from the inspection. The client should be aware that when furnishings, stored items or debris are eventually moved, damage or problems that were not noted during the inspection may be found.

Return to table of contents

Limitations: Unless specifically included in the inspection, the following items and any related equipment, controls, electric systems and/or plumbing systems are excluded from this inspection: detached buildings or structures; fences and gates; retaining walls; underground drainage systems, catch basins or concealed sump pumps; swimming pools and related safety equipment, spas, hot tubs or saunas; whether deck, balcony and/or stair membranes are watertight; trees, landscaping, properties of soil, soil stability, erosion and erosion control; ponds, water features, irrigation or yard sprinkler systems; sport courts, playground, recreation or leisure equipment; areas below the exterior structures with less than 3 feet of vertical clearance; invisible fencing; sea walls, docks and boathouses; retractable awnings. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only.
Site profile: Minor slope
Condition of driveway: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Driveway material: Asphalt
Condition of sidewalks and/or patios: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Sidewalk material: Poured in place concrete
Condition of deck, patio and/or porch covers: Appeared serviceable
Deck, patio, porch cover material and type: Open
Condition of decks, porches and/or balconies: Appeared serviceable
Deck, porch and/or balcony material: Concrete

3) Cracks, holes, settlement, heaving and/or deterioration resulting in trip hazards were found in the sidewalks or patios. For safety reasons, recommend that a qualified contractor repair as necessary to eliminate trip hazards.

Crack in side walk, should be repaired
Photo 3-1

4) The soil or grading sloped down towards building perimeters in one or more areas. This can result in water accumulating around building foundations or underneath buildings. It is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend grading soil so it slopes down and away from buildings with a slope of at least 1 inch per horizontal foot for at least 6 feet out from buildings.
Photo 4-1
Grade in this planter pitches back towards house, should be addressed

5) The asphalt driveway surface was worn and is prone to developing cracks from water penetration. Recommend that a qualified person reseal the driveway. For more information, visit:
Photo 5-1
Photo 5-2

Exterior and Foundation
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The inspector performs a visual inspection of accessible components or systems at the exterior. Items excluded from this inspection include below-grade foundation walls and footings; foundations, exterior surfaces or components obscured by vegetation, stored items or debris; wall structures obscured by coverings such as siding or trim. Some items such as siding, trim, soffits, vents and windows are often high off the ground, and may be viewed using binoculars from the ground or from a ladder. This may limit a full evaluation. Regarding foundations, some amount of cracking is normal in concrete slabs and foundation walls due to shrinkage and drying. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of seismic reinforcement.
Wall inspection method: Viewed from ground, from a ladder
Condition of wall exterior covering: Appeared serviceable
Apparent wall structure: Concrete block
Condition of foundation and footings: Appeared serviceable
Apparent foundation type: Concrete slab on grade
Foundation/stem wall material: Concrete slab on grade
Footing material (under foundation stem wall): Poured in place concrete

6) Trees were in contact with or were close to the building at one or more locations. Damage to the building can occur, especially during high winds, or may have already occurred (see other comments in this report). Recommend that a qualified tree service contractor or certified arborist remove trees as necessary to prevent damage to the building exterior.
Photo 6-1
Tree too close to wall, could cause problems in future

7) The paint or stain finish in some areas was failing (e.g. peeling, faded, worn, thinning). Siding and trim with a failing finish can be damaged by moisture.Recommend that a qualified contractor prep (e.g. clean, scrape, sand, prime, caulk) and repaint or restain the building exterior where necessary and per standard building practices. Any repairs needed to the siding or trim should be made prior to this.
Photo 7-1
Fascia on garage has some areas that should be addressed

Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; solar roofing components. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on the roof surface material, nor guarantee that leaks have not occurred in the roof surface, skylights or roof penetrations in the past. Regarding roof leaks, only active leaks, visible evidence of possible sources of leaks, and evidence of past leaks observed during the inspection are reported on as part of this inspection. The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that leaks will not occur in the future. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. Regarding the roof drainage system, unless the inspection was conducted during and after prolonged periods of heavy rain, the inspector was unable to determine if gutters, downspouts and extensions performed adequately or were leak-free.
Roof inspection method: Traversed
Condition of roof surface material: Appeared serviceable
Roof surface material: Asphalt or fiberglass composition shingles, Rolled composition
Roof type: Flat or low slope
Apparent number of layers of roof surface material: Multiple
Condition of exposed flashings: Appeared serviceable
Condition of gutters, downspouts and extensions: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below), Near, at or beyond service life

8) Decent amount of debris that should be remove
Photo 8-1
Photo 8-2

9) This asphalt or fiberglass composition roof surface appeared to have two or more layers of shingles. Additional layers of composition shingles typically last only 80% of their rated life, and the shingle manufacturer's warranty may be voided. The client should be aware that all layers of roofing will need to be removed when this roof surface needs replacing.
Photo 9-1

10)   Down spouts seem fine but actual gutters in bad shape

Attic and Roof Structure
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; areas and components obscured by insulation. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of the attic ventilation system. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high/low temperatures, high/low humidity, high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector is not a licensed engineer and does not determine the adequacy of roof structure components such as trusses, rafters or ceiling beams, or their spacing or sizing.

Garage or Carport
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The inspector does not determine the adequacy of firewall ratings. Requirements for ventilation in garages vary between municipalities.
Type: Detached
Condition of garage vehicle door(s): Appeared serviceable
Type of garage vehicle door: Sectional, Sliding
Number of vehicle doors: 1
Condition of automatic opener(s): None
Condition of garage floor: Appeared serviceable
Condition of garage interior: Appeared serviceable
Garage ventilation: None visible

11) One or more garage vehicle doors weren't balanced. The door(s) wouldn't stay in place when opened half-way, and fell to the ground instead. This is a potential safety hazard since the door(s) can fall when open and cause injury. A qualified contractor should repair as necessary. For more information on garage door safety issues, visit:
Photo 11-1

12) One or more garage vehicle doors were damaged or deteriorated. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair or replace door(s) as necessary.

Door is weathered pretty bad. Panels are brittle and 1 has hole in it.
Photo 12-1

13) Minor cracks were found in the concrete slab floor. These are common and appeared to be only a cosmetic issue.
Photo 13-1

14) Garage was full of stuff most of floor was covered.
Photo 14-1

15)   There is a split joist near the rear of garage,mappears to have been a leak atvsame location. Leak seems to be fixed, but joist has not and should be checked by licensed contractor
Photo 15-1
Photo 15-2

Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: generator systems, transfer switches, surge suppressors, inaccessible or concealed wiring; underground utilities and systems; low-voltage lighting or lighting on timers or sensors. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of grounding or bonding, if this system has an adequate capacity for the client's specific or anticipated needs, or if this system has any reserve capacity for additions or expansion. The inspector does not operate circuit breakers as part of the inspection, and does not install or change light bulbs. The inspector does not evaluate every wall switch or receptacle, but instead tests a representative number of them per various standards of practice. When furnishings, stored items or child-protective caps are present some receptacles are usually inaccessible and are not tested; these are excluded from this inspection. Receptacles that are not of standard 110 volt configuration, including 240-volt dryer receptacles, are not tested and are excluded. The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms is not determined as part of this inspection. Upon taking occupancy, proper operating and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms should be verified and batteries should be changed. These devices have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. The inspector attempts to locate and evaluate all main and sub-panels. However, panels are often concealed. If panels are found after the inspection, a qualified electrician should evaluate and repair if necessary. The inspector attempts to determine the overall electrical service size, but such estimates are not guaranteed because the overall capacity may be diminished by lesser-rated components in the system. Any repairs recommended should be made by a licensed electrician.
Primary service type: Overhead
Service voltage (volts): 120
Estimated service amperage: 100
Primary service overload protection type: Circuit breakers
Main disconnect rating (amps): 100
System ground: Ground rod(s) in soil
Condition of main service panel: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Location of main service panel #A: Building exterior, Substandard water protection
Location of main disconnect: At main disconnect panel outside
Condition of branch circuit wiring: Serviceable
Solid strand aluminum branch circuit wiring present: None visible
Ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection present: Yes
Smoke alarms installed: yes tested
Carbon monoxide alarms installed: yes tested

16) Electrical box located at rear exterior of home, does not have a certified weather proof enclosure
Photo 16-1
Push button Breakers, old but seem in decent condition
Photo 16-2
Electrical box, Not a certified waterproof enclosure, should be checked by Lisc. contractor
Photo 16-3
Exterior Elect. pannel

Plumbing / Fuel Systems
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: private/shared wells and related equipment; private sewage disposal systems; hot tubs or spas; main, side and lateral sewer lines; gray water systems; pressure boosting systems; trap primers; incinerating or composting toilets; fire suppression systems; water softeners, conditioners or filtering systems; plumbing components concealed within the foundation or building structure, or in inaccessible areas such as below tubs; underground utilities and systems; overflow drains for tubs and sinks; backflow prevention devices. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not test for lead in the water supply, the water pipes or solder, does not determine if plumbing and fuel lines are adequately sized, and does not determine the existence or condition of underground or above-ground fuel tanks.

Water Heater
Return to table of contents

Limitations: Evaluation of and determining the adequacy or completeness of the following items are not included in this inspection: water recirculation pumps; solar water heating systems; Energy Smart or energy saver controls; catch pan drains. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on water heaters, does not determine if water heaters are appropriately sized, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit or a shut-off valve to be operated.
Condition of water heater: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Type: Tank
Energy source: Natural gas
Capacity (in gallons): 30
Temperature-pressure relief valve installed: Yes
Location of water heater: Utility room
Hot water temperature tested: none

17) The insulated jacket was missing and should be replaced.

Missing insulation jacket
Photo 17-1

18) The water heater was installed in an unheated space on a concrete floor and was not resting on an insulated pad. The bottom of the casing is likely to rust, and energy efficiency may be reduced. Recommend installing an insulated pad under the water heater.
Photo 18-1
Water heater closet

Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC)
Return to table of contents

General heating distribution type(s): None, individual heaters
Last service date of primary heat source: Not available
Condition of furnace filters: N/A (none visible)
Condition of controls: Appeared serviceable

Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: household appliances such as stoves, ovens, cook tops, ranges, warming ovens, griddles, broilers, dishwashers, trash compactors, refrigerators, freezers, ice makers, hot water dispensers and water filters; appliance timers, clocks, cook functions, self and/or continuous cleaning operations, thermostat or temperature control accuracy, and lights. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of the remaining life of appliances, and does not determine the adequacy of operation of appliances. The inspector does not note appliance manufacturers, models or serial numbers and does not determine if appliances are subject to recalls. Areas and components behind and obscured by appliances are inaccessible and excluded from this inspection.
Condition of counters: Appeared serviceable
Condition of cabinets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of sinks and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable
Condition of under-sink food disposal: Appeared serviceable
Condition of dishwasher: N/A (none installed)
Condition of range, cooktop or oven: Appeared serviceable
Range, cooktop or oven type: Natural gas, Electronic ignition
Type of ventilation: Wall or ceiling mounted fan
Condition of refrigerator: Appeared serviceable
Condition of built-in microwave oven: N/A (none installed)

19) Few hardware adjustments on cabinets kitchen in good shape
Photo 19-1
Photo 19-2
Kitchen 2
Photo 19-3

Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: overflow drains for tubs and sinks; heated towel racks, saunas, steam generators, clothes washers, clothes dryers. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of washing machine drain lines, washing machine catch pan drain lines, or clothes dryer exhaust ducts. The inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves for sinks, toilets, bidets, clothes washers, etc. due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not determine if shower pans or tub and shower enclosures are water tight, or determine the completeness or operability of any gas piping to laundry appliances.
Location #A: Full bath, Master bath
Condition of counters: none
Condition of cabinets: none
Condition of flooring: Appeared serviceable
Condition of sinks and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable
Condition of toilets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of bathtubs and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable
Condition of shower(s) and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable, is in Tub
Condition of ventilation systems: Appeared serviceable
Bathroom and laundry ventilation type: Windows
Gas supply for laundry equipment present: No
240 volt receptacle for laundry equipment present: No

20) No fan in bath
Photo 20-1
Main bath room Bathroom, FYI no fan and has elect. room heater
Photo 20-2
Good old steel tub, but has been painted with epoxy coating. Could be redone.

Interior, Doors and Windows
Return to table of contents

Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: security, intercom and sound systems; communications wiring; central vacuum systems; elevators and stair lifts; cosmetic deficiencies such as nail-pops, scuff marks, dents, dings, blemishes or issues due to normal wear and tear in wall, floor and ceiling surfaces and coverings, or in equipment; deficiencies relating to interior decorating; low voltage and gas lighting systems. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not evaluate any areas or items which require moving stored items, furnishings, debris, equipment, floor coverings, insulation or similar materials. The inspector does not test for asbestos, lead, radon, mold, hazardous waste, urea formaldehyde urethane, or any other toxic substance. Some items such as window, drawer, cabinet door or closet door operability are tested on a sampled basis. The client should be aware that paint may obscure wall and ceiling defects, floor coverings may obscure floor defects, and furnishings may obscure wall, floor and floor covering defects. If furnishings were present during the inspection, recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings that were previously obscured when possible. Determining the cause and/or source of odors is not within the scope of this inspection.
Condition of exterior entry doors: Appeared serviceable, Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Exterior door material: Wood
Condition of interior doors: Appeared serviceable
Condition of windows and skylights: Appeared serviceable
Type(s) of windows: Vinyl, Multi-pane, Sliding
Condition of walls and ceilings: Appeared serviceable
Wall type or covering: Masonry
Ceiling type or covering: Wood & beam
Condition of flooring: Appeared serviceable
Condition of concrete slab floor(s): Appeared serviceable
Flooring type or covering: Vinyl, linoleum or marmoleum
Condition of stairs, handrails and guardrails: none

21) Condensation or staining was visible between multi-pane glass in one or more windows. This usually indicates that the seal between the panes of glass has failed or that the desiccant material that absorbs moisture is saturated. As a result, the view through the window may be obscured, the window's R-value will be reduced, and accumulated condensation may leak into the wall structure below. Recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate and repair windows as necessary. Usually, this means replacing the glass in window frames.

Be aware that evidence of failed seals or desiccant may be more or less visible depending on the temperature, humidity, sunlight, etc. Windows or glass-paneled doors other than those that the inspector identified may also have failed seals and need glass replaced. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to identify every window with failed seals or desiccant.

Kitchen window has crack
Photo 21-1

22) One or more exterior doors were significantly damaged or deteriorated. Recommend that a qualified person replace door(s) as necessary.
Rear door needs to be replaced.
Photo 22-1
rear door should be replaced

23) Some interior door hardware (locksets) were inoperable. Recommend that a qualified person repair or replace as necessary.

Bathroom door does not lock

Photo X-1
This is siding on garage, has been in contact with soil and has deteriorated
Photo X-2
Debris on roof should be removed
Photo X-3
Bed room
Photo X-4
Photo X-5
Living room
Photo X-6
Front patio
Photo X-7
Photo X-8
Photo X-9
Front yard
Photo X-10
Photo X-11
Photo X-12
Vegetation and soil in contact with siding, should be checked out
Photo X-13
Front entry
Photo X-14
Photo X-15
Photo X-16
Gas heater in living room
Photo X-17
Kitchen sink
Photo X-18
Electric heater in bath
Photo X-19
Garbage disposal kitchen sink, in Good shape
Photo X-20
Front bed window
Photo X-21
Missing caulking at front bed window
Photo X-22
Grade in planter pitches towards house, should be fixed
Photo X-23
Garage roof

The Parties Understood and Agreed as follows:

1. INSPECTOR GUARANTEES to perform a visual inspection of the home and to provide CLIENT with a written inspection report identifying the defects that INSPECTOR both observed and deemed material. INSPECTOR may offer comments as a courtesy, but these comments will not comprise the bargained-for report. The report is only supplementary to the sellers disclosure.

2. INSPECTOR agrees to perform the inspection in accordance to the current Standards of Practice of the National Association of Certified Home Inspectors posted at

3. CLIENT understands that the inspection will be performed in accordance to the aforementioned Standards, which contain certain limitations, exceptions, and exclusions.

4. The inspection and report are performed and prepared for the use of CLIENT, who gives INSPECTOR permission to discuss observations with real estate agents, owners, repair persons and other interested parties. INSPECTOR accepts no responsibility for use or misinterpretation by third parties.

5. INSPECTOR does not perform engineering, architectural, plumbing, or any other job function requiring an occupational license in the jurisdiction where the inspection is taking place, unless the inspector holds a valid occupational license, in which case he/she may inform the CLIENT that he/she is so licensed, and is therefore qualified to go beyond this basic home inspection, and for additional fee, perform additional inspections beyond those within the scope of the basic home inspection.

6. In the event of a claim against INSPECTOR, CLIENT agrees to supply INSPECTOR with the following: (1) Written notification of adverse conditions within 14 days of discovery, and (2) Access to the premises. Failure to comply with the above conditions will release INSPECTOR and its agents from any and all obligations.

7. HOLD HARMLESS AGREEMENT: CLIENT agrees to hold any and all real estate agents involved in the purchase of the property to be inspected harmless and keep them exonerated from all loss, damage, liability or expense occasioned or claimed by reasons of acts or neglects of the INSPECTOR or his employees or visitors or of independent contractors engaged or paid by INSPECTOR for the purpose of inspecting the subject home.

8. In the event that CLIENT fails to prove any adverse claims against INSPECTOR in a court of law, then the CLIENT will pay all legal costs, expenses and fees of INSPECTOR in defending said claims.

9. If any provision of this Agreement is declared invalid or unenforceable by any court, the remaining provisions will remain in effect. This agreement represents the entire agreement between the parties. No change or modification shall be enforceable against any party unless such change or modification is in writing and signed by the parties. This Agreement shall be binding upon and enforceable by the parties and their heirs, executors, administrators, successors and assigns. CLIENT shall have no cause of action against INSPECTOR after one year after from the date of the inspection.

10. Payment, by CLIENT or CLIENTs representative, is due in full at the inspection site, upon completion of the on-site inspection. The CLIENT will pay all legal and time expenses incurred in collecting due payments.

"A Home Inspection is a Non-Invasive Visual Examination of a Residential Dwelling. Components may include any combination of mechanical, structural, electrical, plumbing, or other essential systems or portions of the home, as identified and agreed to by the Client and Inspector, such as: Roof ~ Exterior ~ Basement / Foundation ~ Heating Cooling ~ Plumbing ~ Electrical ~ Fireplace ~ Attic & Insulation ~ Doors, Windows & Interior."
From NACHI Standards of Practice

"There are conditions that require the removal of some part of the building to observe, measure, or test otherwise concealed construction. Such intrusive inspections require some demolition and should be performed only with the permission of the owner and by experienced, qualified mechanics."
-From the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's
Residential Rehabilitation Inspection Guide, 2000

A home inspector merely discloses his or her findings and reports those findings to the client. Everyone involved graduates to a state of higher learning, and the client can now make better informed decisions about the purchase of a home and its future needs of upkeep and repair.

Four key areas of most home/building inspections cover the exterior, the basement or crawlspace areas, the attic or crawlspace areas and the living areas. Inspectors typically will spend sufficient time in all of these areas to visually look for a host of red flags, tell-tale clues and signs or defects and deficiencies.

The inspected areas of a home/building will consist of all of the major visible and accessible electro-mechanical systems as well as the major visible and accessible structural systems and components of a building as they appeared and functioned at the time and date of the inspection.

Inspectors typically do not provide warranties or guaranties with their inspections and reports. Buyers should therefore not rely on the inspection as any form of insurance policy against any latent, hidden, concealed or future defects and deficiencies.

The following are also some key items that buyers should remember and consider when reviewing their inspection reports:
* Inspections are not code compliance evaluations.
* Inspection reports are not structural engineering reports.
* Systems and components that are off during the inspection are not tested or reactivated.
* Buyers should consult with and ask questions of owners and their representatives.
* Roof inspections and their components are typically done from eaves or street level with binoculars.
* Reports are confidential and are meant exclusively for buyers, and not brokers or owners.
* Inspectors typically will not find each and every defect in a building, hence buyers should anticipate future typical defects and deficiencies.
* Further evaluation by specialists is recommended for any areas showing defects/deficiencies.
* A final walk-through inspection should be carried out the day before closing by the new owners to double check the condition of the building.

I. An inspection is not technically exhaustive.
II. An inspection will not identify concealed or latent defects.
III. An inspection will not deal with aesthetic concerns or what could be deemed matters of taste, cosmetic, etc.
IV. An inspection will not determine the suitability of the property for any use.
V. An inspection does not determine the market value of the property or its marketability.
VI. An inspection does not determine the advisability or inadvisability of the purchase of the inspected property.
VII. An inspection does not determine the life expectancy of the property or any components or systems therein.
VIII. An inspection does not include items not permanently installed.
IX. These Standards of Practice apply only to homes with four or fewer dwelling units.

I. The inspectors are not required to determine:
A. Property boundary lines or encroachments.
B. The condition of any component or system that is not readily accessible.
C. The service life expectancy of any component or system.
D. The size, capacity, BTU, performance, or efficiency of any component or system.
E. The cause or reason of any condition.
F. The cause for the need of repair or replacement of any system or component.
G. Future conditions.
H. The compliance with codes or regulations.
I. The presence of evidence of rodents, animals or insects.
J. The presence of mold, mildew or fungus.
K. The presence of air-borne hazards.
L. The presence of birds.
M. The presence of other flora or fauna.
N. The air quality.
O. The existence of asbestos.
P. The existence of environmental hazards.
Q. The existence of electro-magnetic fields.
R. The presence of hazardous materials including, but not limited to, the presence of lead in paint.
S. Any hazardous waste conditions.
T. Any manufacturer recalls or conformance with manufacturer installation or any information included in the consumer protection bulletin.
U. Operating costs of systems.
V. Replacement or repair cost estimates.
W. The acoustical properties of any systems.
X. Estimates of how much it will cost to run any given system.

II. The inspectors are not required to operate:
A. Any system that is shut down.
B. Any system that does not function properly.
C. Or evaluate low voltage electrical systems such as, but not limited to:
1. Phone lines.
2. Cable lines.
3. Antennae.
4. Lights.
5. Remote controls.
D. Any system that does not turn on with the use of normal operating controls.
E. Any shut off valve.
F. Any electrical disconnect or over current protection devices.
G. Any alarm systems.
H. Moisture meters, gas detectors or similar equipment.

III. The inspectors are not required to:

A. Move any personal items or other obstructions,
such as, but not limited to:

1. Throw rugs.
2. Furniture.
3. Floor or wall coverings.
4. Ceiling tiles
5. Window coverings.
6. Equipment.
7. Plants.
8. Ice.
9. Debris.
10. Snow.
11. Water.
12. Dirt.
13. Foliage.
14. Pets

B. Dismantle, open, or uncover any system or component.
C. Enter or access any area which may, in the opinion of the inspector, to be unsafe or risk personal safety.
D. Enter crawlspaces or other areas that are unsafe or not readily accessible.
E. Inspect underground items such as, but not limited to, underground storage tanks or other indications of their presence, whether abandoned or actively used.
F. Do anything which, in the inspector's opinion, is likely to be unsafe or dangerous to the inspector or others or damage property, such as, but not limited to, walking on roof surfaces, climbing ladders, entering attic spaces or negotiating with dogs.
G. Inspect decorative items.
H. Inspect common elements or areas in multi-unit housing.
I. Inspect intercoms, speaker systems, radio-controlled, security devices or lawn irrigation systems.
J. Offer guarantees or warranties.
K. Offer or perform any engineering services.
L. Offer or perform any trade or professional service other than home inspection.
M. Research the history of the property, report on its potential for alteration, modification, extendibility, or its suitability for a specific or proposed use for occupancy.
N. Determine the age of construction or installation of any system structure, or component of a building, or differentiate between original construction or subsequent additions, improvements, renovations or replacements thereto.
O. Determine the insurability of a property.