Website: http://www.reporthost.com/AFS
Inspector's email: afreshstart@comcast.net
Inspector's phone: (720) 480-3222
Inspector: Gregg Stanley
NACHI ID#09051004

 

Pre-Purchase Home Inspection Report
Client(s): John and Jane Smith
Property address: 1234 Not Your St.
Noname', CO 80000
Inspection date: 7/10/2006
This report published on Saturday, November 24, 2012 5:58:24 PM MST

View report summary




This report is the exclusive property of this inspection company and the client(s) listed in the report title. Use of this report by any unauthorized persons without consent of the client(s) is prohibited.


 
How to Read this Report
This report is organized by the property's functional areas.  Within each functional area, descriptive information is listed first and is shown in bold type.  Items of concern follow descriptive information.
Concerns are shown and sorted according to these types:
SafetyPoses a risk of injury or death 
Major defectCorrection likely involves a significant expense 
Repair/ReplaceRecommend repairing or replacing 
Repair/MaintainRecommend repair and/or maintenance 
MaintainRecommend ongoing maintenance 
EvaluateRecommend evaluation by a specialist 
MonitorRecommend monitoring in the future 
CommentFor your information 

Wood Destroying Organism Concerns
Concerns relating to wood destroying organisms are shown as follows:
InfestationEvidence of infestation of wood destroying insects or organisms (Live or dead insect bodies, fungal growth, etc.) 
DamageDamage caused by wood destroying insects or organisms (Rot, carpenter ant galleries, etc.) 
Conducive conditionsConditions conducive for wood destroying insects or organisms (Wood-soil contact, shrubs in contact with siding, roof or plumbing leaks, etc.) 

Click here for a glossary of building construction terms. Contact your inspector if there are terms that you do not understand, or visit the glossary of construction terms at http://www.reporthost.com/glossary.asp

Table of Contents
General Information
Grounds
Exterior and Foundation
Crawl Space
Basement
Roof
Attic and Roof Structure
Garage or Carport
Electric
Plumbing / Fuel Systems
Water Heater
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC)
Fireplaces, Stoves, Chimneys and Flues
Kitchen
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks
Interior, Doors and Windows
 
General Information Return to table of contents
Report number: 864SMITH1234
Time started: 1200
Time finished: 300
Present during inspection: Client, Realtor
Client present for discussion at end of inspection: Yes
Inspector: Joe Inspector
Weather conditions during inspection: Dry (no rain)
Temperature during inspection: Cool
Ground condition: Dry
Recent weather: Dry (no rain)
Overnight temperature: Cold
Inspection fee: $275.00
Payment method: Credit card
Type of building: Single family
Buildings inspected: One house
Number of residential units inspected: 1
Age of main building: 1945
Source for main building age: Realtor, Client, Municipal records or property listing
Front of building faces: South
Main entrance faces: South
Occupied: Yes, Furniture or stored items were present
1) Many areas and items at this property were obscured by furniture, stored items. This often includes but is not limited to walls, floors, windows, inside and under cabinets, under sinks, on counter tops, in closets, behind window coverings, under rugs or carpets, and under or behind furniture. Areas around the exterior, under the structure, in the garage and in the attic may also be obscured by stored items. The inspector in general does not move personal belongings, furnishings, carpets or appliances. When furnishings, stored items or debris are present, all areas or items that are obscured, concealed or not readily accessible are excluded from the inspection. The client should be aware that when furnishings, stored items or debris are eventually moved, damage or problems that were not noted during the inspection may be found.
 
Grounds Return to table of contents
Limitations: Unless specifically included in the inspection, the following items and any related equipment, controls, electric systems and/or plumbing systems are excluded from this inspection: detached buildings or structures; fences and gates; retaining walls; underground drainage systems, catch basins or concealed sump pumps; swimming pools and related safety equipment, spas, hot tubs or saunas; whether deck, balcony and/or stair membranes are watertight; trees, landscaping, properties of soil, soil stability, erosion and erosion control; ponds, water features, irrigation or yard sprinkler systems; sport courts, playground, recreation or leisure equipment; areas below the exterior structures with less than 3 feet of vertical clearance; invisible fencing; sea walls, docks and boathouses; retractable awnings. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only.
Condition of fences and gates: Appeared serviceable
Fence and gate material: Wood
Site profile: Level
Condition of driveway: Appeared serviceable
Driveway material: Asphalt
Condition of sidewalks and/or patios: Appeared serviceable
Sidewalk material: Poured in place concrete
Condition of deck, patio and/or porch covers: Appeared serviceable
Deck, patio, porch cover material and type: Open
Condition of decks, porches and/or balconies: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Deck, porch and/or balcony material: Wood
Condition of stairs, handrails and guardrails: Appeared serviceable
Exterior stair material: Wood
2) One or more decks or porches were unstable due to missing or substandard bracing, or lack of attachment to main structure. This is a safety hazard since severe movement may cause the decks or porches to collapse. A qualified contractor should repair as necessary.

Photo 7  
Proper deck bracing

Photo 34  
Example of roper diagonal bracing under an elevated deck surface

Photo 22  
Deck with NO support bracing
 
 
Exterior and Foundation Return to table of contents
Limitations: The inspector performs a visual inspection of accessible components or systems at the exterior. Items excluded from this inspection include below-grade foundation walls and footings; foundations, exterior surfaces or components obscured by vegetation, stored items or debris; wall structures obscured by coverings such as siding or trim. Some items such as siding, trim, soffits, vents and windows are often high off the ground, and may be viewed using binoculars from the ground or from a ladder. This may limit a full evaluation. Regarding foundations, some amount of cracking is normal in concrete slabs and foundation walls due to shrinkage and drying. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of seismic reinforcement.
Condition of wall exterior covering: Appeared serviceable
Apparent wall structure: Wood frame
Wall covering: Wood
Condition of foundation and footings: Appeared serviceable
Apparent foundation type: Unfinished basement
Foundation/stem wall material: Poured in place concrete
 
Crawl Space Return to table of contents
Limitations: Structural components such as joists and beams, and other components such as piping, wiring and/or ducting that are obscured by under-floor insulation are excluded from this inspection. The inspector does not determine if support posts, columns, beams, joists, studs, trusses, etc. are of adequate size, spanning or spacing.

The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that water will not accumulate in the crawl spaces in the future. Complete access to all crawl space areas during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. heavy rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so.

The inspector attempts to locate all crawl space access points and areas. Access points may be obscured or otherwise hidden by furnishings or stored items. In such cases, the client should ask the property owner where all access points are that are not described in this inspection, and have those areas inspected. Note that crawl space areas should be checked at least annually for water intrusion, plumbing leaks and pest activity.

Crawl space inspection method: Traversed
Location of crawl space access point #A: Basement
Condition of floor substructure above crawl space: Appeared serviceable
Pier or support post material: Wood
Beam material: Solid wood
Condition of insulation underneath floor above: Required repairs, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Insulation material underneath floor above: Fiberglass roll or batt
Condition of vapor barrier: Not applicable, none installed
Vapor barrier present: None visible
3) The facing on fiberglass batt insulation in the crawl space was exposed. In most cases, the facing is flammable and poses a fire hazard. Also, the facing typically acts as a vapor barrier, and if located away from the interior surfaces can trap moisture from condensation in the cavity between the facing and the interior spaces. This can be a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary. For example, by reinstalling or replacing insulation per standard building practices and per the manufacturer's instructions.

Note that the inspector was unable to evaluate areas obscured by insulation to determine if any damage (e.g. rot, insect infestation) has already occurred due to moisture accumulation. When insulation repairs are made, recommend that the exposed structure be evaluated and repairs made if necessary.

4) Standing water was found at one or more locations in the crawl space. Water from crawl spaces can evaporate and enter the structure above causing high levels of moisture in the structure. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. While a minor amount of seasonal water is commonly found in crawl spaces, significant amounts should not be present.

Rain runoff is the most common cause of wet crawl spaces, but water can come from other sources such as groundwater or underground springs. Recommend that a qualified person correct any issues related to outside perimeter grading and/or roof drainage (see any other comments about this in this report). If standing water persists, then recommend that a qualified contractor who specializes in drainage issues evaluate and repair as necessary. Typically such repairs include:

Photo 3  
Crawlspace location directly under the Master Bathroom
 

5) No vapor barrier was installed in the crawl space. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms due to the likelihood of water evaporating from the soil below up into the structure. A 6 mil black plastic sheet should be placed over all exposed soil with seams overlapped to 24 inches, and not in contact with any wood structural components. The sheeting should be held in place with bricks or stones, not wood. Recommend that a qualified contractor install a vapor barrier per standard building practices.
 
Basement Return to table of contents
Limitations: Structural components such as joists and beams, and other components such as piping, wiring and/or ducting that are obscured by under-floor insulation are also excluded from this inspection. Note that the inspector does not determine if support posts, columns, beams, joists, studs, trusses, etc. are of adequate size, spanning or spacing.

The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that water will not accumulate in the basement in the future. Access to the basement during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. heavy rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of basement floor or stairwell drains, or determine if such drains are clear or clogged.

Note that all basement areas should be checked periodically for water intrusion, plumbing leaks and pest activity.

Condition of floor substructure above crawl space: Appeared serviceable
Pier or support post material: Steel
Beam material: Steel
Floor structure: Solid wood joists
Condition of insulation underneath floor above: Not applicable, none installed
Insulation material underneath floor above: None visible
6) Evidence of prior water intrusion was found in one or more sections of the basement. For example, water stains or rust at support post bases, efflorescence on the foundation, etc. Accumulated water is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms and should not be present in the basement. Recommend reviewing any disclosure statements available and ask the property owner about past accumulation of water in the basement. The basement should be monitored in the future for accumulated water, especially after heavy and/or prolonged periods of rain. If water is found to accumulate, then recommend that a qualified contractor who specializes in drainage issues evaluate and repair as necessary. Typical repairs for preventing water from accumulating in basements include:Ideally, water should not enter basements, but if water must be controlled after it enters the basement, then typical repairs include installing a sump pump.

Photo 1  
Signs of past water intrusion due to the piles of sandbags in the basement breezeway leading to the floor drain
 
 
Roof Return to table of contents
Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; solar roofing components. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on the roof surface material, nor guarantee that leaks have not occurred in the roof surface, skylights or roof penetrations in the past. Regarding roof leaks, only active leaks, visible evidence of possible sources of leaks, and evidence of past leaks observed during the inspection are reported on as part of this inspection. The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that leaks will not occur in the future. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. Regarding the roof drainage system, unless the inspection was conducted during and after prolonged periods of heavy rain, the inspector was unable to determine if gutters, downspouts and extensions performed adequately or were leak-free.
Age of roof surface(s): 1998
Roof inspection method: Traversed
Condition of roof surface material: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Roof surface material: Asphalt or fiberglass composition shingles
Roof type: Gable
Apparent number of layers of roof surface material: Multiple
Condition of exposed flashings: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of gutters, downspouts and extensions: Appeared serviceable
Gutter and downspout material: Metal
Gutter and downspout installation: Full
7) The roof surface appeared to be near the end of its service life and will likely need replacing in the near future even if repairs are made now. Recommend discussing replacement options with a qualified contractor, and budgeting for a replacement roof surface in the near future. The client may also wish to consider having a qualified contractor attempt to issue a "5 year roof certificate."
8) Flashings at the base of one or more chimneys were substandard. Leaks can occur as a result. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate and repair as necessary.

Photo 6  
Example of proper chimney flashing

Photo 9  
Improper chimney flashing

Photo 10  
Improper chimney flashing

Photo 33  
Example of proper chimney flashing; close-up

9) Some composition shingles were cracked. Leaks can occur as a result. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair as necessary. For example, by replacing shingles.
10) Significant amounts of debris have accumulated in one or more gutters or downspouts. Gutters can overflow and cause water to come in contact with the building exterior, or water can accumulate around the foundation. This is a conducive condition for wood-destroying organisms. Recommend cleaning gutters and downspouts now and as necessary in the future.
11) This asphalt or fiberglass composition roof surface appeared to have two or more layers of shingles. Additional layers of composition shingles typically last only 80% of their rated life, and the shingle manufacturer's warranty may be voided. The client should be aware that all layers of roofing will need to be removed when this roof surface needs replacing.
 
Attic and Roof Structure Return to table of contents
Limitations: The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; areas and components obscured by insulation. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of the attic ventilation system. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high/low temperatures, high/low humidity, high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector is not a licensed engineer and does not determine the adequacy of roof structure components such as trusses, rafters or ceiling beams, or their spacing or sizing.
Attic inspection method: Traversed
Location of attic access point #A: Garage
Attic access points that were opened and viewed, traversed or partially traversed: A
Condition of roof structure: Appeared serviceable
Roof structure type: Trusses
Ceiling structure: Trusses
Condition of insulation in attic (ceiling, skylight chase, etc.): Appeared serviceable
Ceiling insulation material: Fiberglass loose fill, Cellulose loose fill
Approximate attic insulation R value (may vary in areas): R-30
Condition of roof ventilation: Appeared serviceable
Roof ventilation type: Gable end vents
 
Garage or Carport Return to table of contents
Limitations: The inspector does not determine the adequacy of firewall ratings. Requirements for ventilation in garages vary between municipalities.
Type: Attached
Condition of garage: Appeared serviceable
Type of door between garage and house: Solid core
Condition of garage vehicle door(s): Appeared serviceable
Type of garage vehicle door: Sectional
Number of vehicle doors: 1
Condition of automatic opener(s): Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Mechanical auto-reverse operable (reverses when meeting reasonable resistance during closing): No
Condition of garage floor: Appeared serviceable
Condition of garage interior: Required repair or evaluation (see comments below)
12) The auto-reverse mechanism on one or more automatic openers for garage vehicle doors was inoperable. This is a potential safety hazard. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair as necessary. For more information on garage door safety issues, visit:
http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/523.html

13) The "photo eye" sensors that trigger the auto-reverse feature on one or more garage vehicle doors' automatic openers were located higher than 4-6 inches from the floor. This is a potential safety hazard. A qualified person should relocate sensors so they are 4-6 inches from the floor per standard building practices. For more information on garage door safety issues, visit:
http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/523.html

Photo 15  
The reason the auto reverse mechanism is malfunctioning. Typical location for the sensors is along the side of the garage doors within 8" of the floor; not 9' above the floor over the automatic garage door opener 6" apart.
 

14) Minor cracks were found in the concrete slab floor. These are common and appeared to be only a cosmetic issue.
15)   Support beam for home has been modified for installation of automatic garage door opener. This modification can possible impair the overall structures ability to support the home. Further evaluation by a qualified structural engineer is recommended.

Photo 36  
Home owner installed their own garage door opener, but cross member was in the way. Rather than modify the garage door opener, they cut away the support beam of the house to make room for it.
 
 
Electric Return to table of contents
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: generator systems, transfer switches, surge suppressors, inaccessible or concealed wiring; underground utilities and systems; low-voltage lighting or lighting on timers or sensors. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of grounding or bonding, if this system has an adequate capacity for the client's specific or anticipated needs, or if this system has any reserve capacity for additions or expansion. The inspector does not operate circuit breakers as part of the inspection, and does not install or change light bulbs. The inspector does not evaluate every wall switch or receptacle, but instead tests a representative number of them per various standards of practice. When furnishings, stored items or child-protective caps are present some receptacles are usually inaccessible and are not tested; these are excluded from this inspection. Receptacles that are not of standard 110 volt configuration, including 240-volt dryer receptacles, are not tested and are excluded. The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide detectors is not determined as part of this inspection. Upon taking occupancy, proper operating and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide detectors should be verified and batteries should be changed. These devices have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. The inspector attempts to locate and evaluate all main and sub-panels. However, panels are often concealed. If panels are found after the inspection, a qualified electrician should evaluate and repair if necessary. The inspector attempts to determine the overall electrical service size, but such estimates are not guaranteed because the overall capacity may be diminished by lesser-rated components in the system. Any repairs recommended should be made by a licensed electrician.
Electric service condition: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Primary service type: Overhead
Number of service conductors: 2
Service voltage (volts): 120-240
Primary service overload protection type: Circuit breakers
Service entrance conductor material: Stranded aluminum
Main disconnect rating (amps): Not applicable, no single main disconnect
System ground: Ground rod(s) in soil
Condition of main service panel: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Location of main service panel #A: Building exterior
Condition of branch circuit wiring: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Branch circuit wiring type: Knob and tube
Smoke alarms installed: No, recommend install
Carbon monoxide alarms installed: No, recommend install
Smoke alarm power source(s): Hard wired
16) Energized "knob and tube" wiring was found at one or more locations. This type of wiring was commonly installed prior to 1950. It is ungrounded and considered unsafe by today's standards. Over time, the wire's insulation can become brittle and fall apart or wear thin, resulting in exposed conductors and a risk of shock and/or fire. This wiring is also easily damaged by covering it with insulation (a common practice), and incorrectly tapping new wiring into it.

It is not within the scope of this inspection to determine what percentage of this property's wiring is of the knob-and-tube type, or to determine what percentage of the knob and tube wiring is energized versus abandoned. Recommend that a qualified electrician evaluate this wiring and make repairs or replace wiring as necessary.

Note that some insurance companies may be unwilling to offer homeowner's insurance for properties with knob and tube wiring. Consult with your insurance carrier regarding this. For more information, visit:
http://www.google.com/search?q=knob+tube+wiring

Photo 32  

Photo 19  
Energized Knob and Tube wiring in the attic

Photo 20  
Energized Knob and Tube wiring in the attic; lights on

Photo 21  
Energized Knob and Tube wiring in the attic; lights off

17) One or more electric receptacles (outlets) at the exterior had no visible ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection, or the inspector was unable to determine if GFCI protection was present. If not GFCI-protected, receptacles in wet areas pose a shock hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician evaluate and install GFCI protection if necessary and per standard building practices. General guidelines for GFCI-protected receptacles include the following locations:For more information, visit:
http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/099.pdf

18) The service drop wires were less than 10 feet above the ground, a deck or walkways. This is a shock hazard. A qualified electrician or the utility company should repair per standard building practices.

Photo 18  
Another view of the electrical drop in the backyard

Photo 17  
Standing in the back yard. Electrical drop is only 4 more inches above head of 5'10" client

19) One or more boxes installed outside were not rated for exterior use. This is a potential shock and fire hazard. Recommend that a qualified electrician repair per standard building practices.

Photo 28  
Not the proper type of weather proof cover required for an outdoor receptacle

Photo 35  

20) One or more smoke alarms were missing, damaged, or missing components. Smoke alarms should be replaced as necessary. For more information, visit:
http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/5077.html

Photo 25  
Smoke alarms will not help in the event of a fire if they are not in place
 

21) One or more slots where circuit breakers are normally installed were open in panel(s) #A. Energized equipment was exposed and is a shock hazard. Recommend that a qualified person install closure covers where missing.

Photo 23  
Open knock-out

Photo 29  

22) One or more light fixtures were missing. Recommend that a qualified electrician repair or replace light fixtures as necessary.

Photo 16  
The light bulb that was in use was removed so that the inspector could show the danger of anyone "operating" this switch in a closet
 
 
Plumbing / Fuel Systems Return to table of contents
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: private/shared wells and related equipment; private sewage disposal systems; hot tubs or spas; main, side and lateral sewer lines; gray water systems; pressure boosting systems; trap primers; incinerating or composting toilets; fire suppression systems; water softeners, conditioners or filtering systems; plumbing components concealed within the foundation or building structure, or in inaccessible areas such as below tubs; underground utilities and systems; overflow drains for tubs and sinks; backflow prevention devices. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not test for lead in the water supply, the water pipes or solder, does not determine if plumbing and fuel lines are adequately sized, and does not determine the existence or condition of underground or above-ground fuel tanks.
Condition of service and main line: Appeared serviceable
Location of main water meter: By street
Location of main water shut-off: Basement
Water service: Public
Water pressure (psi): 60 psi
Service pipe material: Copper
Condition of supply lines: Appeared serviceable
Supply pipe material: Copper
Condition of drain pipes: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Drain pipe material: Plastic
Vent pipe condition: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Vent pipe material: Plastic
Sump pump installed: No
Sewage ejector pump installed: No
Condition of fuel system: Appeared serviceable
Visible fuel storage systems: None visible
Location of main fuel shut-off valve: At gas meter
23) One or more leaks were found in drain pipes or fittings. A qualified plumber should evaluate and repair as necessary.

Photo 2  
Drain under the tub in the Master Bedroom
 

24)   Plumbing waste vent terminates in attic. Vent pipes that are not extended to outside of the building can cause sewer gases to enter living spaces. Recommend that a qualified person repair per standard building practices. For example, by extending pipe(s) to terminate at least 6 inches above the roof surface.

Photo 8  
Plumbing vent in attic

Photo 14  
Plumbing vent in attic
 
Water Heater Return to table of contents
Limitations: Evaluation of and determining the adequacy or completeness of the following items are not included in this inspection: water recirculation pumps; solar water heating systems; Energy Smart or energy saver controls; catch pan drains. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on water heaters, does not determine if water heaters are appropriately sized, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit or a shut-off valve to be operated.
Condition of water heater: Near, at or beyond service life
Type: Tank
Energy source: Natural gas
Capacity (in gallons): 40
Manufacturer: Whirlpool
Model number: BFG1F4034T3NOV
Serial number: 0630120882
Location of water heater: Basement
Hot water temperature tested: Yes
Water temperature (degrees Fahrenheit): 136
Condition of burners: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of venting system: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of combustion air supply: Appeared serviceable
25) The hot water temperature was greater than 120 degrees Fahrenheit. This is a safety hazard due to the risk of scalding. The thermostat should be adjusted so the water temperature doesn't exceed 120 degrees. If the water heater is powered by electricity, a qualified person should perform the adjustment, since covers that expose energized equipment normally need to be removed. For more information on scalding dangers, visit:
http://www.cpsc.gov/CPSCPUB/PUBS/5098.pdf

26) Significant corrosion or rust was found on the water heater tank casing. This is an indication that the water heater is near or at the end of its service life. At a minimum, monitor this water heater and budget for a replacement in the near future. Consider replacing the water heater now before any leaks occur. Significant flooding can occur if the water heater does fail.

Photo 11  
Rust in combustion chamber of water heater only 6 years old

Photo 12  
Rust and scale in combustion chamber of water heater only 6 years old
 
Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition (HVAC) Return to table of contents
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).
General heating system type(s): Forced air
General heating distribution type(s): Ducts and registers
Condition of forced air heating/(cooling) system: Appeared serviceable
Forced air heating system fuel type: Natural gas
Forced air heating system manufacturer: Trane
Forced air furnace model #: TUJ100A948A1
Forced air furnace serial number: K17505349
Location of forced air furnace: Basement
Forced air system capacity in BTUs or kilowatts: 100,000
Condition of furnace filters: Appeared serviceable
Location for forced air filter(s): At base of air handler
Condition of forced air ducts and registers: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of burners: Appeared serviceable
Condition of venting system: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of combustion air supply: Appeared serviceable
Condition of controls: Appeared serviceable
Condition of whole house fan: Appeared serviceable
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).
27) Based on the location and the visible venting, the furnace had a substandard source of combustion and/or dilution air. All gas and oil-fired appliances require adequate air for combustion, dilution and ventilation. This is a potential safety hazard and may result in combustion fumes entering living spaces. Recommend that a qualified HVAC contractor evaluate and repair per standard building practices

Photo 30  
 

28) The last service date of the gas or oil-fired forced air furnace appeared to be more than 1 year ago, or the inspector was unable to determine the last service date. Ask the property owner when it was last serviced. If unable to determine the last service date, or if this system was serviced more than 1 year ago, recommend that a qualified HVAC contractor inspect, clean, and service this system, and make repairs if necessary. For safety reasons, and because this system is fueled by gas or oil, this servicing should be performed annually in the future. Any needed repairs noted in this report should be brought to the attention of the HVAC contractor when it's serviced. For more information visit:
http://www.cpsc.gov/CPSCPUB/PREREL/prhtml05/05017.html

29) One or more "livable" rooms had no visible source of heat. Examples of livable rooms include bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms, NOT hallways, closets or bathrooms. Livable rooms without heat (e.g. heat register, radiator, baseboard or wall heater) can be uncomfortable and have high levels of moisture. Depending on the client's needs, recommend consulting with a qualified heating contractor to determine options for modifying or improving the heating system per standard building practices.
30) One or more heating or cooling ducts have come apart, or had significant gaps at junctions. This can result in reduced energy efficiency and increased moisture in surrounding spaces. Recommend that a qualified HVAC contractor make permanent repairs as necessary. For example, by securely supporting ducts and installing approved tape or mastic at seams.

Photo 13  
Why there is very little heat going to the main floor
 
 
Fireplaces, Stoves, Chimneys and Flues Return to table of contents
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: coal stoves, gas logs, chimney flues (except where visible). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of drafting or sizing in fireplace and stove flues, and also does not determine if prefabricated or zero-clearance fireplaces are installed in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. The inspector does not perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, and does not light fires. The inspector provides a basic visual examination of a chimney and any associated wood burning device. The National Fire Protection Association has stated that an in-depth Level 2 chimney inspection should be part of every sale or transfer of property with a wood-burning device. Such an inspection may reveal defects that are not apparent to the home inspector who is a generalist.
Condition of wood-burning fireplaces, stoves: Appeared serviceable
Wood-burning fireplace type: Metal pre-fab
Condition of chimneys and flues: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Wood-burning chimney type: Metal
Gas-fired flue type: Direct vent
31) The metal chimney from the wood stove or fireplace was too close to combustible materials such as wood or insulation. This is a fire hazard. Minimum clearances vary by chimney type, but general guidelines require the following clearances:Recommend that a qualified contractor evaluate and make repairs or modifications as necessary so minimum clearances from combustibles are maintained around all chimney and flue pipes, per the manufacturer's specifications.

Photo 27  
Wood burning fireplace flue in eastern section of the attic (newer area)

Photo 31  
Proper way to insulate around a fireplace flue in attic
 
Kitchen Return to table of contents
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: household appliances such as stoves, ovens, cook tops, ranges, warming ovens, griddles, broilers, dishwashers, trash compactors, refrigerators, freezers, ice makers, hot water dispensers and water filters; appliance timers, clocks, cook functions, self and/or continuous cleaning operations, thermostat or temperature control accuracy, and lights. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of the remaining life of appliances, and does not determine the adequacy of operation of appliances. The inspector does not note appliance manufacturers, models or serial numbers and does not determine if appliances are subject to recalls. Areas and components behind and obscured by appliances are inaccessible and excluded from this inspection.
Permanently installed kitchen appliances present during inspection: Oven, Cooktop, Dishwasher, Under-sink food disposal
Condition of counters: Appeared serviceable
Condition of cabinets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of sinks and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable
Condition of under-sink food disposal: Appeared serviceable
Condition of dishwasher: Appeared serviceable
Condition of range, cooktop: Appeared serviceable
Range, cooktop type: Electric
 
Bathrooms, Laundry and Sinks Return to table of contents
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: overflow drains for tubs and sinks; heated towel racks, saunas, steam generators, clothes washers, clothes dryers. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of washing machine drain lines, washing machine catch pan drain lines, or clothes dryer exhaust ducts. The inspector does not operate water supply or shut-off valves for sinks, toilets, bidets, clothes washers, etc. due to the possibility of valves leaking or breaking when operated. The inspector does not determine if shower pans or tub and shower enclosures are water tight, or determine the completeness or operability of any gas piping to laundry appliances.
Location #A: Full bath
Location #B: Half bath
Condition of counters: Appeared serviceable
Condition of cabinets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of flooring: Appeared serviceable
Condition of sinks and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable
Condition of toilets: Appeared serviceable
Condition of bathtubs and related plumbing: Appeared serviceable
Condition of shower(s) and related plumbing: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Condition of ventilation systems: Required repair, replacement and/or evaluation (see comments below)
Bathroom ventilation type: with individual exhaust ducts
Gas supply for laundry equipment present: Yes
240 volt receptacle for laundry equipment present: Yes
32) A significant amount of water came out of the bathtub spout when the shower at location(s) #A was turned on. The diverter valve is likely defective, or may be encrusted with mineral deposits. Water will be wasted as a result. Recommend that a qualified plumber repair or replace components as necessary.

Photo 26  
Master Bathroom tub
 

33) No exhaust duct was installed for the clothes dryer. Clothes dryers produce large amounts of moisture which should not enter structure interiors. Moisture can accumulate and result in mold, bacteria or fungal growth. A rigid or semi-rigid metal exhaust duct should be installed per standard building practices, and by a qualified contractor if necessary. For information, visit:
http://www.cpsc.gov/CPSCPUB/PUBS/5022.pdf

34)   Exhaust fan is not properly routed to the outside. Venting bathroom moisture to the outside of the home prevents moisture from entering the attic area and creating ideal conditions for mold growth. Modifications by a qualified contractor are suggested so that all exhaust exits the building in the appropriate manner.

Photo 4  
Example of proper bathroom venting through soffit

Photo 5  
Example of proper bathroom venting through roof

Photo 24  
Bathroom vent not properly routed to the outside
 
 
Interior, Doors and Windows Return to table of contents
Limitations: The following items are not included in this inspection: security, intercom and sound systems; communications wiring; central vacuum systems; elevators and stair lifts; cosmetic deficiencies such as nail-pops, scuff marks, dents, dings, blemishes or issues due to normal wear and tear in wall, floor and ceiling surfaces and coverings, or in equipment; deficiencies relating to interior decorating; low voltage and gas lighting systems. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not evaluate any areas or items which require moving stored items, furnishings, debris, equipment, floor coverings, insulation or similar materials. The inspector does not test for asbestos, lead, radon, mold, hazardous waste, urea formaldehyde urethane, or any other toxic substance. Some items such as window, drawer, cabinet door or closet door operability are tested on a sampled basis. The client should be aware that paint may obscure wall and ceiling defects, floor coverings may obscure floor defects, and furnishings may obscure wall, floor and floor covering defects. If furnishings were present during the inspection, recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings that were previously obscured when possible. Determining the cause and/or source of odors is not within the scope of this inspection.
Condition of exterior entry doors: Appeared serviceable
Exterior door material: Wood
Condition of interior doors: Appeared serviceable
Condition of windows and skylights: Appeared serviceable
Type(s) of windows: Multi-pane, Sliding
Condition of walls and ceilings: Appeared serviceable
Wall type or covering: Drywall
Ceiling type or covering: Drywall
Condition of flooring: Appeared serviceable
Flooring type or covering: Carpet, Vinyl, linoleum or marmoleum
Condition of stairs, handrails and guardrails: Appeared serviceable
35) Weatherstripping around one or more exterior doors was deteriorated. Water may enter the building, or energy efficiency may be reduced. Recommend that a qualified person repair or replace weatherstripping as necessary.
 
SUPPORT AFTER THE INSPECTION